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Golgotha
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A hill outside of Jerusalem where Jesus was crucified (Matt 27:33; Mark 15:22; John 19:17). Also known by its Latin translation, Calvary. Translated into English as “The Place of the Skull” or “The Skull.” Traditional location is known, but the actual location is debated.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Golgotha
Golgotha (Γολγοθᾶ, Golgotha). A hill outside of Jerusalem where Jesus was crucified (Matt 27:33; Mark 15:22; John 19:17). Also known by its Latin translation, Calvary. Translated into English as “The Place of the Skull” or “The Skull.” Traditional location is known, but the actual location is debated.
Calvary
Calvary Another name for Golgotha (Γολγοθᾶ, Golgotha; τόπος κρανίον, topos kranion; κρανίον, kranion). Literally, “Skull Place,” this was the hill just outside of Jerusalem where Jesus was crucified (Matt 27:33; Mark 15:22; Luke 23:33; John 19:17; Heb 13:11–13). The English term “Calvary” is based on
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Golgotha (Place)
GOLGOTHA (PLACE) [Gk Golgotha (Γολγοθα)]. The place in Jerusalem where, according to the Gospels, the Passion of Jesus ended with his burial in a new tomb which lay in a nearby garden (John 19:17–42).A. Biblical InformationFrom the gospels, the location is clearly defined with reference to the city
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Golgotha
Golgotha. Place where Jesus and two thieves were crucified, in the vicinity of Jerusalem. The term appears in the NT only in the accounts of the crucifixion. Three of the Gospels use the Hebrew-Aramaic term, “Golgatha” (Mt 27:33; Mk 15:22; Jn 19:17), while one uses the Greek equivalent, “Calvary” (Lk
Calvary
Calvary. kjv translation of Golgotha (“the skull”), the place of Jesus’ crucifixion, in Luke 23:33.See Golgotha.
Skull, Place of the
Skull, Place of the. Place in Jerusalem where Jesus was crucified (Mt 27:33; Mk 15:22; Jn 19:17). Golgotha is the Greek transliteration of the Aramaic word for skull.See Golgotha.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Golgotha
Golgotha golʹgə-thə [Gk. Golgotha < Aram gûlgaltāʾ—‘the skull’ (cf. Heb. gulgōleṯ, Jgs. 9:53; 2 K. 9:35)]. In three references (Mt. 27:33; Mk. 15:22; Jn. 19:17) it is interpreted to mean (Gk) kraníou tópos, “the place of a skull.” In Lk. 23:33, AV, it is called “Calvary” (from Vulg calvaria, “skull”),
Skull
Skull [Heb. gulgōleṯ; Gk. kraníon]. The Hebrew word, which is more commonly known in its Aramaic/Greek form “Golgotha,” expresses the basically globular shape of the human cranium, being derived from a root meaning “to roll.” It is usually translated “head” (e.g., Nu. 1:2, 18, 20, 22), but has the
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Golgotha
GOLGOTHA Place where Jesus and two thieves were crucified, in the vicinity of Jerusalem. The term appears in the NT only in the accounts of the Crucifixion. Three of the Gospels use the Hebrew-Aramaic term, “Golgotha” (Mt 27:33; Mk 15:22; Jn 19:17), while one uses the Latin equivalent, “Calvary,” meaning
Calvary
CALVARY* In Luke 23:33, kjv translation of Golgotha (“the skull”), the place of Jesus’ crucifixion. See Golgotha.
Skull, Place of the
SKULL, PLACE OF THE Place in Jerusalem where Jesus was crucified (Mt 27:33; Mk 15:22; Jn 19:17). Golgotha is the Greek transliteration of the Aramaic word for “skull.” See Golgotha.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Golgotha
Golgotha (gol´guh-thuh; Aramaic, “Place of the Skull”; cf. Matt. 27:33; Mark 15:22; Luke 23:33; John 19:17), the site of Jesus’s crucifixion. In Christian tradition, it is also known as Calvary, after the Latin translation for Golgotha used in the Vulgate (calvaria). The place may owe its name to a distinctive
Calvary
Calvary (kal´vuh-ree), a name for the site of Jesus’s crucifixion derived from a Latin translation (calvaria) of Golgotha, which is Aramaic for “Place of the Skull” (cf. Matt. 27:33; Mark 15:22; Luke 23:33; John 19:17). The term is not used in the nrsv. See also Golgotha.J.M.B.
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Golgotha
Golgotha. HFVGOLGOTHAThis is a Gr. word, derived from the Aramaic gulgaltā’, which means “a skull.” Three times the place of the crucifixion is called the “place of a skull” (Mt 27:33; Mk 15:22; Jn 19:17). But what does this signify? Jerome said it was a place of public execution, where skulls lay
Calvary
Gordon’s Calvary. Garden Tomb Assn.CALVARY. The word occurs in only one place in the Bible (Lk 23:33). It comes from the Vulgate, which in all four Gospels (Mt 27:33; Mk 15:22; Lk 23:33; Jn 19:17) translates the Gr. word kranion (“a skull”) by calvaria, the Latin word for skull. Strangely, the KJV
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Calvary
CALVARY. The name occurs once only in the av, in Lk. 23:33, and not at all in most evv. The word comes from the Vulgate, where the Lat. calvaria translates the Gk. kranion; both words translate Aramaic gulgoltâ, the ‘Golgotha’ of Mt. 27:33, meaning ‘skull’. Three possible reasons for such a name have
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Golgotha
Golgotha (Gk. Golgothá)The place of Jesus’ crucifixion (Matt. 27:33; Mark 15:22; John 19:17; cf. Luke 23:33). Golgotha renders Aram. gûlgaltāʾ, “skull,” and is synonymous with Lat. calvaria Origen speculated that Golgotha received its name because Adam’s skull was buried beneath the cross, and Jerome
Calvary
CalvaryLatin translation of Golgotha (Vulg. calvaria for Gk. kranɩ́on, “skull,” Matt. 27:33 par.).
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Golgotha
Golgotha [gŏlˊgə thə, gŏl gŏthˊə] (Gk. Golgotha).† The site of Christ’s crucifixion. The name, defined by the Gospel writers as “the place of a skull” (Matt. 27:33; Mark 15:22; John 19:17; cf. Luke 23:33; KJV “Calvary”), is the Greek transliteration of Aram. gûlgaltā˒ “skull” (cf. Vulg. Lat.
Calvary
Calvary [kălˊvə rĭ]. Latin translation of Golgotha (Vulg. calvaria for Gk. kraníon “skull,” Matt. 27:33 par.; cf. KJV at Luke 23:33).
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
Golgotha
GOLGOTHA The site of the Crucifixion (Matt. 27:33; Mark 15:22; John 19:17). The name derives from the Aramaic golgolta, meaning ‘skull’ or ‘place of a skull’. Early Christian tradition places the site west of Jerusalem. In the 2nd century ad, when Aelia Capitolina (Jerusalem) was built, a temple of Aphrodite
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Golgotha
GOLGOTHA (Greek Golgotha, probably from the Aramaic, gulgultāʾ, meaning “skull”) The place located just outside of Jerusalem used by the Romans for executions (Matt 27:32; Mark 15:21; Luke 23:33). Christ was crucified there and then placed in a new tomb in a nearby garden (John 19:17–42). The three
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