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Golden Calf
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
An idol made by Aaron out of gold collected from the Israelites. The people asked him to make them gods while Moses was away on Mount Sinai. Aaron created the calf and declared a festival in honor of Yahweh.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Golden Calf
Golden Calf (עֵגֶל מַסֵּכָה‎, egel massekhah). An idol made by Aaron out of gold collected from the Israelites. The people asked him to make them gods while Moses was away on Mount Sinai. Aaron created the calf and declared a festival in honor of Yahweh.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Golden Calf
GOLDEN CALF. The Golden Calf (ʿēgel zāhāb, 1 Kgs 12:28) or molten calf (ʿēgel massēkâ, Exod 32:4) appears only a few times in the Hebrew Bible, but it has come to epitomize the vilest kind of apostasy committed by the ancient Israelites. The worship of this calf is seen as a clear, unequivocal
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Calf, Golden
Calf, Golden. Calf-shaped idol fashioned at the Israelites’ request from their own gold jewelry (Ex 32:1–4). Under Aaron’s supervision the idol was created while Moses was receiving the Ten Commandments on Mt Sinai. Upon seeing the golden calf and the immoral carousing in which the people were engaged,
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Calf, Golden
Calf, Golden [Heb. ‘ēg̱el massēḵâ-‘molten calf,’ ‘ēg̱el zāhāḇ-‘golden calf’]; NEB also BULL-CALF (Ex. 32), CALF-GOD (Hos. 10:5). A representation of a young bull, used in Israelite worship first under Aaron at Sinai and later in the northern kingdom under Jeroboam I. I. The Term II. Biblical
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Calf, Golden
CALF, GOLDEN Calf-shaped idol fashioned at the Israelites’ request from their own gold jewelry (Ex 32:1–4). Under Aaron’s supervision, the idol was created while Moses was receiving the Ten Commandments on Mt Sinai. Upon seeing the golden calf and the immoral carousing in which the people were engaged,
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Calf, Golden
CALF, GOLDEN1. While Moses was absent in Mount Sinai, Aaron made an image of a bull calf which he announced as the god who brought Israel out of Egypt (Ex 32:1–20). The worship and play conducted before this image so angered Moses upon his return that he broke the tablets of stone containing the law
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Calf, Golden
CALF, GOLDEN. 1. The golden image made after the Exodus by Aaron and the Israelites at Sinai while Moses was in the mountain. On finding that they were idolatrously worshipping it as God with sacrifices, feasting and revelry, Moses destroyed it (Ex. 32:4–8, 18–25, 35; Dt. 9:16, 21; Ne. 9:18; Ps. 106:19–20;
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Golden Calf
Golden CalfThe story of the golden or molten calf (Exod. 32) is part of the revelation of divine law and establishment of covenant at Mt. Sinai in Exod. 19–34. The account begins with Moses separated from the people on top of Mt. Sinai, where he is receiving the revelation of the tabernacle cult and
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Golden Calf
Golden Calf (Heb. ˓ēg̱el massēḵâ, ˓eg̱el zāhāḇ).† An image cast in the form of a calf or bull; a common element of ancient Near Eastern religion (see Cattle) and a byword for apostasy in the Old Testament.The Israelites, weary of waiting for Moses to descend from the mountain (possibly Sinai),
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Golden Calf
Golden Calf (עֵגֶל, the Heb. word translated ‘calf’, would be more properly rendered ‘young bull’). An object of worship set up (a) by the Israelites in the wilderness (Ex. 32); (b) by King Jeroboam I (c. 930–910 BC) at Bethel and Dan for the worship of the *Ten Tribes (1 Kgs. 12:28).
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Calf, Golden
CALF, GOLDEN. The idolatrous image of a young bull set up at Mt. Sinai (Ex. 32:2–4) and later by Jeroboam at Bethel and Dan (1 Kings 12:28). The young bull symbolized vitality and strength, and the Israelites sought to worship Jehovah under this representation. Doubtless the prevalence of bull worship
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Golden calf
Golden calf(Ex. 32:4, 8; Deut. 9:16; Neh. 9:18). This was a molten image of a calf which the idolatrous Israelites formed at Sinai. This symbol was borrowed from the custom of the Egyptians. It was destroyed at the command of Moses (Ex. 32:20). (See AARON; MOSES.)
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