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Goiim
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A small tribe ruled by King Tidal (Gen 14:1, 9). The “Goiim in Galilee,” which is mentioned in a list of kings conquered by Joshua, may be related to this tribe (Josh 12:23). The location Harosheth-Hagoiim may also be related to this tribe in some way (Judg 4:2, 16). It is possible that Goiim is not a place name, but should be understood as “the nations.”
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Goiim
Goiim (גּוֹיִם‎, goyim). A small tribe ruled by King Tidal (Gen 14:1, 9). The “Goiim in Galilee,” which is mentioned in a list of kings conquered by Joshua, may be related to this tribe (Josh 12:23). The location Harosheth-Hagoiim may also be related to this tribe in some way (Judg 4:2, 16). It is possible
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Goiim (Place)
GOIIM (PLACE) [Heb gôyı̂m (גֹּויִים)]. Ostensibly the kingdom of Tidal, one of the allies of Chedorlaomer and the “king of Goiim” (Gen 14:1, 9). Heb gôyı̂m means “nations.” See NATIONS. QL Gen Apocryphon XXI:23–24 glossed tdʿl mlk gwym by dy hwʾ byn nhryn “who was between the rivers” (i.e., in Mesopotamia).
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Goiim
Goiim. 1. People or region mentioned in Genesis 14:1, 9 as ruled by a king named Tidal. The word is variously translated “nations” (kjv) and “Goiim” (rsv). Tidal, together with three other kings—Amraphel of Shinar, Arioch of Ellasa, and Chedorlaomer of Elam—attacked several cities in the Valley of Siddim
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Goiim
Goiim goiʹim [Heb. gôyim]. This term occurs only in Gen. 14:1, 9 and Josh. 12:23 in the RSV, replacing the “nations,” “heathen,” or “Gentiles” of most English versions. The Genesis references indicate a Mesopotamian nation or tribal group, perhaps non-Semitic in character. An identification with early
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Goiim
GOIIM1. People or region mentioned in Genesis 14:1, 9 as ruled by a king named Tidal. The word is variously translated “nations” (kjv) and “Goiim” (rsv, nlt). Tidal, together with three other kings—Amraphel of Shinar, Arioch of Ellasar, and Kedorlaomer of Elam—attacked several cities in the valley of
Goyim
GOYIM Alternate rendering for people defeated by Joshua west of the Jordan (Jos 12:23). See Goiim #2.
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Goiim
Goiim (Heb. gôyim)1. A kingdom led by Tidal, an ally of Chedolaomer, king of Elam (Gen. 14:1, 9). Most scholars assume the reference is to a group of kingdoms ruled by Tidal, perhaps either in Anatolia or Mesopotamia.2. A kingdom whose king was defeated by Joshua (Josh. 12:23). The MT adds “of Gilgal” (NIV)
Gilgal
Gilgal (Heb. gilgāl)1. A place “opposite” Mts. Gerizim and Ebal. Deut. 11:30 describes it as both “in the land of” the Canaanites dwelling in the Arabah (which could refer to Gilgal near Jericho) and “beside” the oaks of Moreh (which would indicate another Gilgal near Shechem).2. A place E of Jericho
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Goiim
Goiim [goyˊĭm] (Heb. gôyim “nations”). Probably a small tribe of people that lived in Galilee (Josh. 12:23; KJV “Gilgal,” following MT; RSV, NEB “Galilee,” following LXX). The same group may also be part of the place name Harosheth-ha-goiim, “Harosheth of the Goiim,” Sisera’s base from
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Goiim
GOIIM (Hebrew, “nations”) The kingdom of Tidal, an ally of Chedorlaomer of Elam (Gen 14:1, 9).
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Goiim
GOIIM (gōyʹim). A Heb. word for “nations,” or “peoples,” rendered by the NASB and NIV as a proper noun in Gen. 14:1, 9.
Goyim
GOYIM (gōʹyim). The name of a place in Gilgal defeated by Joshua and the Israelites in the conquest (Josh. 12:23, NIV; the NASB renders “Goiim”).
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Goiim
GOIIM [GOY yim] (nations) — the name of two groups in the Old Testament:1. A people who were part of an attack against the cities of the plain (Gen. 14:1, 9).2. One of the tribal groups conquered by Joshua (Josh. 12:23, NRSV; Goyim, NIV).
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
GOIIM
GOIIM<goi’-yim> ([גּוֹיִם‎, goyim]): This word, rendered in the King James Version “nations,” “heathen,” “Gentiles,” is commonly translated simply “nations” in the Revised Version (British and American). In Gen 14:1 where the King James Version has “Tidal, king of nations,” the Revised Version
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Goiim
GOIIM (Gôiʹ ĭm) Proper name meaning “nations,” particularly “Gentiles, foreign nations.” 1. Land where King Tidal joined the eastern coalition against a coalition from Sodom and Gomorrah. This action led to a war in which Abraham became involved (Gen. 14:1). To which nation the general term “Goiim”