Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Ruler (Gog) and kingdom (Magog) who waged war against Israel in Ezek 38–39. This power from the north, “Gog of Magog,” appears as two nations, “Gog and Magog,” who fight for Satan in Rev 20:8.
Lexham Bible Dictionary
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
GOG (PERSON) [Heb gôg (גֹּוג)]. 1. A Reubenite, descended from Joel (1 Chr 5:4). Gog is second in the list of the sons, or descendants, of Joel. The list may represent a line of Reubenite chieftains (Ackroyd Chronicles Ezra Nehemiah TBC, 36). The name appears after Shemaiah and before Shimei. Others
Gog and Magog
GOG AND MAGOG [Heb gôg (גֹּוג) and magôg (מַגֹוג)]. Names of a ruler, Gog, and his land, Magog, in the Bible. Gog is the leader, in Ezekiel 38 and 39, of an invading army from “the uttermost parts of the north” who will attack Israel “in the latter years.” See GOG (PERSON) and MAGOG (PERSON). In language
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
3. In Rev. 20:7f Satan is let loose and goes to the nations at the four corners of the earth, Gog and Magog, to muster his hosts for the final struggle against God. In Ezekiel the invasion of Gog occurs during the messianic age, while in Revelation it occurs just at the close of the millennium. In Ezekiel
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
GOG1. A Reubenite, son of Shemaiah (1 Chr 5:4).2. The prince of Meshech and Tubal (the Mushku and Tabali of the Assyrian inscriptions, Ezk 38:3). “Land of Magog” of Ezk 38:2 and “Magog” of Ezk 39:6 are probably incorrect since the former is not paralleled in 38:3 and the latter stands alone among several
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Gog and Magog
GOG AND MAGOG. In Ezk. 38:2 we are introduced to ‘Gog, of the land of Magog, the chief prince (av, rvmg., rsv; rv ‘prince of *Rosh’), of *Meshech and Tubal’. lxx understood Magog as a people, not a country. The only reasonable identification of Gog is with Gyges, king of Lydia (c. 660 bc)—Assyr. Gugu;
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Gog (Heb. gôg̱), MAGOG (māg̱ôg̱)A ruler and his land or people, portrayed as Israel’s apocalyptic foe.Magog appears in the Table of Nations (Gen. 10:2) as a son of Japheth. He is apparently also the eponymous ancestor of a people in Anatolia (cf. Magog’s “brothers,” whose names are attached to the
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
GOG גוגI. Gog (gwg) occurs as the name of a mysterious figure in Ezek 38–39. Its etymology is uncertain. A derivation from Sumerian gug (‘black spot’, ‘cornelian’, or ‘shining’, depending on the identification of the root) has been proposed (A. van Hoonacker, ZA 28  336), but is highly implausible.
Catholic Bible Dictionary
GOG Also Gog and Magog. The leader of Meshech and Tubal, from the land of Magog (Ezek 38:2). The word “Magog” is most likely derived from the Akkadian for “the land of Gyges (or Gog),” seen in the Table of Nations (Gen 10:2) and appearing (as in Ezekiel) with Meshech and Tubal. According to Ezek 38–39,
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Gog and Magog