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Gods and land
An ancient belief that gods were directly related to certain lands and peoples. When nations went to war it was believed that the gods of each land also went to war, and that the victorious party had a stronger god.
Key passages
2 Ki 18:22–35

But if you say to me, ‘On Yahweh our God we trust,’ is it not he whose high places and altars Hezekiah removed, and he had said to Judah and to Jerusalem, ‘In the presence of this altar you shall bow down only in Jerusalem?’ So then, please make a wager with my lord, with the king of Assyria, …

2 Ki 19:10–13

“Thus you shall say to Hezekiah the king of Judah, ‘Let not your God whom you are trusting deceive you, by his saying, “Jerusalem shall not be given into the hand of the king of Assyria!” Look, you have heard what the kings of Assyria have done to all the lands, by utterly destroying them, and …