Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A female deity. Often associated with fertility. The Bible names or alludes to a number of goddesses from antiquity including Asherah, Astarte, Artemis, and possibly Ishtar.
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Gods, Goddesses. Pagan male and female deities. Although the Bible teaches that there is only one God (Is 45:18, 21, 22; Mk 12:32), heathen people in ancient times quickly developed a belief in large numbers of so-called gods (Jer 10:11) and goddesses. Eventually each nation created and worshiped its
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Gods and Goddesses
GODS AND GODDESSES Male and female deities worshiped by pagans. Although the Bible teaches that there is only one God (Is 45:18, 21–22; Mk 12:32), heathen people in ancient times quickly developed a belief in large numbers of so-called gods (Jer 10:11) and goddesses. Eventually each nation created and
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Dictionary of Biblical Imagery
Gods, GoddessesThe Lord, who brought Israel out of Egypt with a strong arm and who cared for her like a compassionate mother, faced competitors for his affection. The prevalence of gods in the world of the Bible is suggested in God’s words to Jeremiah that apostate Israel has “as many gods as you have
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
GODDESS<god’-es> ([אְֶלֹהִים, ’elohim], [θεά, thea]): There is no separate word for “goddess” in the Old Testament. In the only instance in which the word occurs in English Versions of the Bible (1 Ki 11:5, 33), the gender is determined by the noun — “Ashtoreth, the god (goddess) of the Sidonians.”
A Dictionary of Early Christian Beliefs: A Reference Guide to More than 700 Topics Discussed by the Early Church Fathers
MOTHER, GREATAmong the many gods and goddesses worshipped throughout the Roman Empire, one of the more popular was the Great Mother.All honor to that king of the Scythians … who shot with an arrow one of his subjects who imitated among the Scythians the mystery of the Mother of the gods. Clement of
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
GODDESS, godʹes (אֱלֹהִים, ’ĕlōhīm, θεά, theá): There is no separate word for “goddess” in the OT. In the only instance in which the word occurs in EV (1 K 11:5, 33), the gender is determined by the noun—“Ashtoreth, the god [goddess] of the Sidonians.” In the NT the term is applied to Diana of Ephesus