God the Father (Deity)
Fatherhood of God
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Father, God the
FATHER, GOD THE. In four senses GOD is Father: as Creator, as Father of Israel, as Father of Christ, and as Father of believers.God is Father of mankind by creation (Acts 17:28–29; Lk 3:38; cf. Gen 1:27; Jas 3:9). The fatherhood of God in this sense is not a frequent subject in the Bible. Angels are
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Father, God the
FATHER, GOD THE. A term that represents several scriptural conceptions.1. The term designates the first Person of the Trinity. God has revealed Himself as Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. To the Eternal Son the Father stands related as to no other being and finds in the Son the perfect and infinite object
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
FATHER, GOD THEIn the Christian religion God is conceived of as “Father,” “Our Father .... in heaven” (Mt 6:9, 14, 26, etc.), “the God and Father of the Lord Jesus” (2 Cor 11:31, etc.). The tenderness of relation and wealth of love and grace embraced in this profound designation are peculiar
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 2, D–G
Fatherhood of God
fatherhood of God. The special relationship of authority and care between God and (1) his Son Jesus Christ and (2) his people.
Encyclopedia of Ancient Christianity
Father, Name of God
FATHER, NAME of GOD. The title Father given to *God in Christianity has very specific biblical roots. The OT writers came to the concept of God’s fatherhood through an understanding of the fatherhood of their ancestors (the patriarchs), a concept that reached its apex in the spiritual and universal fatherhood
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
f. ʾav
f. ʾav. ʾAv (אָב), “father,” is an infrequent metaphor with reference to God (twenty-one times). Though God could be addressed as Father (Jer 3:4, 19), its usage makes it difficult to claim as a name for God. It is striking that Father is used mostly in texts that have to do, not basically with power
GOD THE FATHER. This metaphor, not common in the OT, presents God in anthropomorphic or human-like terms. It compares human fathers and God’s actions. Just as a human father has compassion for or reproves a child in love, so God (Ps 103:13; Prov 3:12; Deut 8:5). The father image denotes God’s covenant
New Dictionary of Theology: Historical and Systematic
Fatherhood of God
FATHERHOOD OF GODChristian use of the name ‘Father’ in reference to God derives from Jesus’ own use of the equivalent Aramaic term, Abba. Though not entirely without precedent in biblical Judaism (e.g. Isa. 63:16), the significance accorded its use by Jesus for the NT writers is signalled both by explicit
Key passages
Ps 103:13

As a father pities his children, so Yahweh pities those who fear him.

Mt 6:8–10

Therefore do not be like them, for your Father knows what you need before you ask him. Therefore you pray in this way: “Our Father who is in heaven, may your name be treated as holy. May your kingdom come, may your will be done on earth as it is in heaven.

Ro 8:14–16

For all those who are led by the Spirit of God, these are sons of God. For you have not received a spirit of slavery leading to fear again, but you have received the Spirit of adoption, by whom we cry out, “Abba! Father!” The Spirit himself confirms to our spirit that we are children of God, …

2 Co 1:2–3

Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ. Blessed is the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of mercies and God of all comfort,

Ga 4:5–6

in order that he might redeem those under the law, in order that we might receive the adoption. And because you are sons, God sent out the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, crying out, “Abba! (Father!),”

See also
Topics & Themes