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God instructs Moses about vows and tithes
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
One-tenth of a person’s goods, whether agricultural or monetary, dedicated to God. The practice of tithing has changed since the Old Testament period, but the concept of setting aside one-tenth of one’s income or goods for religious use has remained the same.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Tithe
Tithe (מַעַשֵׂר‎, ma'aser, עָשַׂר‎, asar; ἀποδεκαταω, apodekataō; δεκατοω, dekatoō; δεκατη, dekatē). One-tenth of a person’s goods, whether agricultural or monetary, dedicated to God. The practice of tithing has changed since the Old Testament period, but the concept of setting aside one-tenth of one’s
Vows, Religious in the Ancient World
Vows, Religious in the Ancient World (נֶדֶר‎, neder, נָדַר‎, nadar). Binding promises made to God, often as part of a plea for safety, military victory, or a family.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Tithe
TITHE [Heb ʿāśar (עָשַׂר) (verb), maʿăśēr (מַעֲשֵׂר) (noun); Gk apodekatoō (ἀποδεκατοω), dekatoō (δεκατοω) (verbs), dekatē (δεκατη) (noun)]. The religious act of giving a tenth for the support of a religious purpose.A. Old TestamentThe first reference to the tithe in the OT appears in Gen
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Tithe, Tithing
Tithe, Tithing. Words deriving from Old English for “tenth,” and representing a charge upon produce or labor levied for the maintenance mainly of religious activities. The custom is very ancient (Abraham paid tithe of spoil to Melchizedek, Gn 14:20; cf. 28:22), and widely practiced, being known in Athens,
Vow
Vow. Serious promise or pledge. The making of vows to God is a religious practice which is frequently mentioned in Scripture. Most references to vows are found in the OT, especially in the psalms, but there are a few in the NT as well.Unlike tithing, sacrifices and offerings, Sabbath-keeping, and circumcision,
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Tithe
Tithe [Heb. maʿaśēr, ʿāśar (piel, Dt. 14:22; Neh. 10:37; hiphil, Dt. 26:12; Neh. 10:38); Gk. dekátē (He. 7:4, 8), dekatóō, apodekatóō, (Mt. 23:23; Lk. 11:42; 18:12; He. 7:5)]. The Hebrew noun maʿaśēr, literally “tenth part” or “tithe,” is a cognate of the verb ʿāśar, “take the tenth
Vow
Vow [Heb. (verb) nāḏar (Gen. 28:20; 31:13; Nu. 6:2; 21:2; 30:2; Jgs. 11:30; 1 S. 1:11; 2 S. 15:7; etc.), (noun) neḏer/nēḏer (Gen. 28:20; 31:13; Lev. 22:18, 21; 27:2; Nu. 6:2, 5, 21; 15:3, 8; etc.; supplied contextually in Jgs. 11:35)]; NEB also PRAYER (Prov. 31:2); [rabbîm—‘many’ (emended by RSV
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Tithe, Tithing
TITHE, TITHING Words deriving from Old English for “tenth” and representing a charge upon produce or labor levied for the maintenance of religious activities. The custom is very ancient (Abraham paid a tithe of the spoils of war to Melchizedek; see Gn 14:20) and widely practiced, being known in Athens,
Vow, Vows
VOW, VOWS Serious promises or pledges made to God. The making of vows to God is a religious practice frequently mentioned in Scripture. Most references to vows are found in the OT, especially in the Psalms, but there are a few in the NT.Unlike tithing, sacrifices and offerings, Sabbath keeping, and
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Tithe
tithe, a tenth part of one’s income set aside for special purposes. Tithing was very common throughout the ancient Near East, either for the support of a sanctuary or for nonsacral purposes. Fourteenth-century bce tablets from Ugarit portray the tithe as a royal tax the king collected and distributed
Vow
vow, a promise to abstain from something that would not normally be prohibited (e.g., the vow of the Nazirite, Num. 6), or, more commonly, an offer to pay God for help. The first vow mentioned in the Bible is that of Jacob, who promises God worship and tithing in return for protection (Gen. 28:20; 31:13).
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Tithe
TITHE. The Heb. word ˓āśar, “to tithe,” is derived from the word signifying “ten,” which also means “to be rich.” The basic principle in tithing is the acknowledgment that everything rightly belongs to God, including a man’s own property, and that men are only stewards. The tithe is a token brought
Vow
VOW. This word has three different grammatical usages: verb transitive, verb intransitive, and noun. The words used express the idea of a verbal promise made generally to God, but not exclusively so.In the OT three Heb. words were used. One is the verb nādar. Another is the noun neder derived from
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Tithes
TITHES. The custom of tithing did not originate with the Mosaic law (Gn. 14:17–20), nor was it peculiar to the Hebrews. It was practised among other ancient peoples. There are three main questions to consider.1. What were the Hebrews required to tithe? The Torah legislated that ‘the seed of the land’ (crops),
Vow
VOW. The idea of ‘vow’ in Semitic thought may well have been derived from the name of a deity. If so, it illustrates the fact that in biblical usage a vow is always used with reference to God and offers a new interpretation for such passages as Je. 32:35: they must then be construed as the sacrificing
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Tithe
TitheA tenth of one’s annual income set aside for sacral purposes. Tithing was common not only in ancient Israel but throughout the ancient Near East, and while the primary function was sacral, it was also utilized for state income (1 Macc. 3:49; 10:31). Most biblical texts indicate that the believer
Vow
VowA solemn promise made to God either to do or to abstain from some action. Heb. nāḏar seems to mean “to separate from profane use; to consecrate to God.” As made to God, a vow is an act of worship; it is a conditional promise to give something to God if God first grants some favor. Vows were most
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Tithe
Tithe (Heb. piel ˓āśar); Gk. [apo]dekatóō).† The dedication of a tenth of agricultural products, of livestock, of goods gained in trade trade, or of booty to the worship of a deity or to the persons who served that worship. This was a common custom in the ancient world, one probably well-known
Vow
Vow (Heb. verb nāḏar, noun neḏer, nēḏer; Gk. euchḗ). † A solemn promise made to a deity, either to perform or to refrain from performing some action. The standard Hebrew word for vow, neḏer (Ugar., Phoen. ndr), connotes the act of consecrating to God an action (Gen. 28:20–22), an offering
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Tithe
TITHE A religious offering consisting of a tenth part of one’s harvest or income. Tithing was a conventional means in the ancient Near East of rendering payment for cultic services. The tithe was paid to a sanctuary or directly to its ministers.In the Bible, tithing is first mentioned in patriarchal
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
tithes
tithes. The tenth part of all fruits and profits due to God and thus to the Church for the maintenance of its ministry. The payment of tithes has been held to be enjoined not merely by ecclesiastical law but by *natural and divine law—by natural law because it is essential to the maintenance of religion,
vows
vows. Solemn and voluntary promises to perform something not otherwise required but believed to be acceptable to the person to whom the vows are made. Such promises to the Deity are common in many religions.In the OT vows are sometimes explicitly dependent upon the performance of certain favours by
Key passages
Le 27:1–34

Then Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying, “Speak to the Israelites, and say to them, ‘When a man makes a vow according to your proper value of persons to Yahweh, if your proper value is for a male from twenty years of age up to sixty years of age, then …

See also
Participants
God
Setting
Topics & Themes
Vow