God instructs Moses about men’s and women’s vows
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Vows, Religious in the Ancient World
Vows, Religious in the Ancient World (נֶדֶר‎, neder, נָדַר‎, nadar). Binding promises made to God, often as part of a plea for safety, military victory, or a family.
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Vow. Serious promise or pledge. The making of vows to God is a religious practice which is frequently mentioned in Scripture. Most references to vows are found in the OT, especially in the psalms, but there are a few in the NT as well.Unlike tithing, sacrifices and offerings, Sabbath-keeping, and circumcision,
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Vow [Heb. (verb) nāḏar (Gen. 28:20; 31:13; Nu. 6:2; 21:2; 30:2; Jgs. 11:30; 1 S. 1:11; 2 S. 15:7; etc.), (noun) neḏer/nēḏer (Gen. 28:20; 31:13; Lev. 22:18, 21; 27:2; Nu. 6:2, 5, 21; 15:3, 8; etc.; supplied contextually in Jgs. 11:35)]; NEB also PRAYER (Prov. 31:2); [rabbîm—‘many’ (emended by RSV
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Vow, Vows
VOW, VOWS Serious promises or pledges made to God. The making of vows to God is a religious practice frequently mentioned in Scripture. Most references to vows are found in the OT, especially in the Psalms, but there are a few in the NT.Unlike tithing, sacrifices and offerings, Sabbath keeping, and
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
vow, a promise to abstain from something that would not normally be prohibited (e.g., the vow of the Nazirite, Num. 6), or, more commonly, an offer to pay God for help. The first vow mentioned in the Bible is that of Jacob, who promises God worship and tithing in return for protection (Gen. 28:20; 31:13).
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
VOW. This word has three different grammatical usages: verb transitive, verb intransitive, and noun. The words used express the idea of a verbal promise made generally to God, but not exclusively so.In the OT three Heb. words were used. One is the verb nādar. Another is the noun neder derived from
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
VOW. The idea of ‘vow’ in Semitic thought may well have been derived from the name of a deity. If so, it illustrates the fact that in biblical usage a vow is always used with reference to God and offers a new interpretation for such passages as Je. 32:35: they must then be construed as the sacrificing
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
VowA solemn promise made to God either to do or to abstain from some action. Heb. nāḏar seems to mean “to separate from profane use; to consecrate to God.” As made to God, a vow is an act of worship; it is a conditional promise to give something to God if God first grants some favor. Vows were most
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Vow (Heb. verb nāḏar, noun neḏer, nēḏer; Gk. euchḗ). † A solemn promise made to a deity, either to perform or to refrain from performing some action. The standard Hebrew word for vow, neḏer (Ugar., Phoen. ndr), connotes the act of consecrating to God an action (Gen. 28:20–22), an offering
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
vows. Solemn and voluntary promises to perform something not otherwise required but believed to be acceptable to the person to whom the vows are made. Such promises to the Deity are common in many religions.In the OT vows are sometimes explicitly dependent upon the performance of certain favours by
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Vows. A vow is a solemn promise made to God to perform or to abstain from performing a certain thing. The earliest mention of a vow is that of Jacob. Gen. 28:18–22; 31:13. Vows in general are also mentioned in Job 22:27. The law therefore did not introduce, but regulated the practice of, vows. Three
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
VOW (Heb. from nādar, to “promise”; Gk. euchē, a “prayer”). Defined as a religious undertaking, either positive, to do something, or negative, to abstain from doing a certain thing. Under the Old Covenant the principle of vowing was recognized as in itself a suitable expression of the religious sentiment,
Key passages
Nu 30:1–16

Then Moses spoke to the leaders of the tribes concerning the Israelites, saying, “This is the word that Yahweh commanded: if a man makes a vow for Yahweh or swears an oath with a binding pledge on himself, he must not render his word invalid; he must do all that went out from …

See also
Topics & Themes