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Gnat
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Gnat
Gnat (כֵּן‎, ken; κώνωψ, kōnōps). Insects (possibly lice) mentioned in the plagues of Egypt (Exod 8:16). In the New Testament, Jesus refers to it hyperbolically to describe a very small insect (Matt 23:24).
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Gnat
Gnat. Small flying insect. The word as found in Matthew 23:24 is a general word for a small fly.See Animals.
Lice
Lice. kjv translation for some sort of small insects, probably gnats, the third plague in Egypt (Ex 8:16–18).See Animals (Gnat).
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Gnat
Gnat [Heb. * kēn, pl kinnîm] (Ex. 8:16–18 [MT 12–14]; Ps. 105:31; Isa. 51:6); AV LICE, “in like manner” (Isa. 51:6); NEB MAGGOTS; [Gk. kṓnōps] (Mt. 23:24); NEB MIDGE.The third plague of Egypt (Ex. 8:16–18; Ps. 105:31) was brought about through gnats (kinnîm) and not “lice” as rendered by the
Lice
LiceThe AV translation of Heb. kēn, kinnîm in Ex. 8:16–18 (MT 12–14); Ps. 105:31; see Gnat. The expression “picking lice” occurs in the NEB at Cant. 1:7. The MT ʿōṭe (from the verb ʿāṭâ) can be translated literally “one who is veiled” (so RSV mg) or, following a different verb of the same
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Gnat
GNAT Small flying insect. The word as found in Matthew 23:24 is a general word for a small fly. See Animals.
Lice
LICE* kjv translation for some sort of small insects, probably gnats; the third plague in Egypt (Ex 8:16–18). See Animals (Gnat).
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Gnat
gnat, a nonspecific term referring to small insects such as gnats, lice, mosquitoes, or sand flies. It probably includes all such blood-sucking, two-winged insects. In Exod. 8:16–18 gnats are the third plague upon the Egyptians. In Matt. 23:24, Jesus accuses certain scribes and Pharisees of straining
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Gnat
GnatA general term referring to small, winged, biting or stinging insects, perhaps the midge (Chironomidae), associated with the third plague visited upon Egypt (Exod. 8:16–19 [MT 12–15]; Ps. 105:31). Translations of Heb. kinnɩ̂m (pl.) vary (KJV, NJPSV “lice”; NJB “mosquitoes”). The image of Aaron’s
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Gnat
Gnat (Heb. *kēn, pl. kinnîm). A general term referring to small, winged, biting or stinging insects, perhaps the midge (Chironomidae; Arab. barghaš, associated with the third plague which Yahweh visited upon Egypt (Exod, 8:16–18; Ps. 105:31; KJV “lice”; JB “mosquitoes”; NJV “swarms of
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Gnat
Gnat, a species of mosquito mentioned only in the proverbial expression used by our Saviour in Matt. 23:24.
Lice
Lice (Heb. cinnâm, cinnı̂m). This word occurs in the DAV only in Ex. 8:16–18 and in Ps. 105:31, both of which passages have reference to the third great plague of Egypt. The Hebrew word has given occasion to whole pages of discussion. Some commentators, and indeed modern writers generally, suppose that
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Gnat
Gnatonly in Matt. 23:24, a small two-winged stinging fly of the genus Culex, which includes mosquitoes. Our Lord alludes here to the gnat in a proverbial expression probably in common use, “who strain out the gnat;” the words in the Authorized Version, “strain at a gnat,” being a mere typographical
Lice
Lice(Heb. kinnim, the creatures employed in the third plague sent upon Egypt (Ex. 8:16–18). They were miraculously produced from the dust of the land. “The entomologists Kirby and Spence place these minute but disgusting insects in the very front rank of those which inflict injury upon man. A terrible
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Gnat
Gnatgnat, a nonspecific term referring to gnats, lice, mosquitos, or sand flies. It probably includes all such blood-sucking, two-winged insects. In Exod. 8:16–18 gnats are the third plague upon the Egyptians. In Matt. 23:24 scribes and Pharisees are charged with straining out the gnat and swallowing
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
GNAT
GNAT<nat> (in English Versions of the Bible, only in Mt 23:24, [κώνωψ, konops]. In Ex 8:16, for English Versions of the Bible “lice,” one of the plagues of Egypt, [כִּנִּם‎, kinnim], [כִּנִּים‎, kinniym], or [כִּנָּם‎, kinnam], we find in the Revised Version, margin “sand flies” or “fleas” (Gesenius
LICE
LICE<lis> (כִּנִּים‎ [kinnim] (Exodus 8:17, 18; Psalm 105:31), כִּנִּם‎ [kinnim] (Exodus 8:16), כִּנָּם‎ [kinnam] (Exodus 8:17, 18); Septuagint [σκνι̂φες, skniphes] (Exodus 8:16, 18), [τὸν σκνίφα, ton sknipha], once in Exodus 8:18; [σκνι̂πες, sknipes] (Psalm 105:31); Vulgate (Jerome’s
SAND FLIES
SAND FLIES<sand’-fliz> ([כִּנִּם‎, kinnim] (Exodus 8:16 margin; The Wisdom of Solomon 19:10 margin)): English Versions of the Bible “lice.”See FLEA; GNAT; INSECTS; LICE.
Compton’s Encyclopedia
mosquito
mosquitoMosquito (Theobaldia anulata).N.A. Callow—NHPA/EB Inc.More than just annoying insects, some mosquitoes are responsible for transmitting diseases that can result in serious illness and even death. Mosquitoes were once viewed merely as a nuisance because of the itching and irritation that
See also
Topics & Themes
Fly