Excessive desire for food and drink.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Glutton; Gluttonous
Glutton; Gluttonous [Heb. zālal—‘squander, be frivolous’] (Dt. 21:20; Prov. 23:20f.; 28:7); AV also RIOTOUS (MEN); NEB also RIOTOUS, GREED, GREEDY, WASTREL; [Gk. phágos] (Mt. 11:19; Lk. 7:34); [gasté̄r] (Tit. 1:12); AV BELLY. In Dt. 21:20 and Prov. 28:7 the term may mean a prodigal or squanderer.
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
GLUTTON. Essentially a voluptuary or a debauchee. In both OT and NT it is connected with drunkenness (Deut 21:20; Prov 23:21). Because our Lord was friendly to and went to the homes of publicans and sinners, He was accused of being a glutton and winebibber (Mt 11:19; Lk 7:34).
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
GLUTTON (Heb. from zālal, to “shake,” hence to “be loose” morally). A debauchee (Deut. 21:20; Prov. 23:21); “gluttonous” (23:20; 28:7), meaning a free liver, one who is unrestrained (Matt. 11:19; Luke 7:34).
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Glutton(Deut. 21:20), Heb. zolel, from a word meaning “to shake out,” “to squander;” and hence one who is prodigal, who wastes his means by indulgence. In Prov. 23:21, the word means debauchees or wasters of their own body. In Prov. 28:7, the word (pl.) is rendered Authorized Version “riotous men;”
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
GLUTTON — a person who is debased and excessive in his or her eating habits. Gluttony is more than overeating. In its association with drunkenness (Prov. 23:21; Deut. 21:20), it describes a life given to excess. When Jesus was called a “gluttonous man” (Matt. 11:19), His critics were accusing Him of
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
GLUTTON; GLUTTONOUS<glut’-’-n>, <glut’-’-n-us> ([זָלַל‎, zalal], “to be lavish”; [φάγος, phagos]): “Glutton” (from glut, to swallow greedily) is the translation of zolel from zalal, “to shake or pour out,” “to be lavish, a squanderer.” In Dt 21:20, “This our son .... is a glutton, and a drunkard,”
Pocket Dictionary of Ethics
gluttony. The excessive or inordinate desire for food and drink, together with the *pleasure that they bring to a person. This type of excessive desire is condemned in the Bible and has been numbered among the *seven deadly sins in Christian tradition.
A Dictionary of Christ and the Gospels: Aaron–Zion
GLUTTONOUS.—In Mt 11:19 = Lk 7:34 we are informed that our Lord was reproached as a gluttonous man and a wine-bibber. The Greek is alike in both passages—ἄνθρωπος φάγος καὶ οἰνοπότης. The English versions are probably right in their rendering of φάγος and οἱνοπότης as implying intemperate excess.
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
GLUTTON One habitually given to greedy and voracious eating. Gluttony was associated with stubbornness, rebellion, disobedience, drunkenness, and wastefulness (Deut. 21:20). A more general meaning for the Hebrew term as a “good-for-nothing” (Prov. 28:7 TEV) is reflected in some translations: wastrel
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 2, D–G
gluttony. The term glutton can be used to render the participle of the Hebrew verb zālal H2361, which means “to be frivolous, profligate” (Deut. 21:21; Prov. 23:20–21). In the NT, it renders Greek phagos G5741 (Matt. 11:19; Lk. 7:34) and gastēr G1143, lit., “belly” (Tit. 1:12). See self-control.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
Glutton, Gluttonous
GLUTTON, glutʹ’n, GLUTTONOUS, glutʹ’n-us (זָלַל‎, zālal, “to be lavish”; φάγος, phágos): “Glutton” (from glut, to swallow greedily) is the tr of zōlēl from zālal, “to shake or pour out,” “to be lavish, a squanderer.” In Dt 21:20, “This our son … is a glutton, and a drunkard,” the word may mean a
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
GLUTTON, GLUTTONY [זוֹלֵלzolel; φάγος phagos]. A person who eats to excess. Fourth Maccabees 1:3, 27 categorizes gluttony as a passion that, like lust, interferes with reason. The glutton, like the drunkard, can expect to fall into poverty (Prov 23:21) and should anticipate insomnia, colic, and nausea
Key passages
Ex 32:6

And they started early the next day, and they offered burnt offerings, and they presented fellowship offerings, and the people sat to eat and drink, and they rose up to revel.

Pr 23:20–21

Do not be among drinkers of wine, among gluttonous eaters of their meat. For the drunkard and gluttonous, they will become poor, and with rags, drowsiness will clothe them.

Ec 6:7

All of a man’s toil is for his mouth— yet his appetite is never satisfied.

Tt 1:12–14

A certain one of them, one of their own prophets, has said, “Cretans are always liars, evil beasts, lazy gluttons.” This testimony is true, for which reason reprove them severely, in order that they may be sound in the faith, not paying attention to Jewish myths and commandments of people who …

1 Pe 4:3–4

For the time that has passed was sufficient to do what the Gentiles desire to do, having lived in licentiousness, evil desires, drunkenness, carousing, drinking parties, and wanton idolatries, with respect to which they are surprised when you do not run with them into the same flood of dissipation, …

See also
Topics & Themes