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Glass
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
An ancient artificial composition used to create vessels of varying shapes and sizes as early as the 16th century bc, as evidenced by finds in Mesopotamia, Egypt, and the Levant. Glass vessels remained a luxury item until the first century ad when technological innovations, possibly originating in the southern Levant, made glass an affordable commodity alongside the much more common pottery vessel.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Glass
Glass An ancient artificial composition used to create vessels of varying shapes and sizes as early as the 16th century bc, as evidenced by finds in Mesopotamia, Egypt, and the Levant. Glass vessels remained a luxury item until the first century ad when technological innovations, possibly originating
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Glass
Glass. kjv mistranslation for “mirror” in Isaiah 3:23; 1 Corinthians 13:12; and James 1:23. Since mirrors of Bible times were polished metal sheets, “glass” is incorrect.See Mirror.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Glass
Glass [Heb. zeḵôḵîṯ (Job 28:17); AV, NEB, CRYSTAL; Gk. hýalos (Rev. 21:18, 21)]. A homogeneous material that has a random liquid-like (noncrystalline) molecular structure, composed primarily of silica or sand mixed with soda and lime. The manufacturing process for glass requires that the raw
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Glass
GLASS Translation for “mirror” in Isaiah 3:23, 1 Corinthians 13:12, and James 1:23 (kjv). Since mirrors of Bible times were polished metal sheets, “glass” is incorrect. See Mirror.
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Glass
Hand mirrors might be made of bronze of silver. Here is a silver mirror with an obsidian handle from Egypt. LLGLASS. Glass was manufactured as early as the Old Kingdom of Egypt (2850–2200 b.c.). Much of the sand of Egypt has a high content of calcium carbonate suitable for making glass. Because the
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Glass
GLASS. Seldom mentioned in the Bible, glass was a rare luxury until Roman times. It was considered something precious like gold (Jb. 28:17, av ‘crystal’; Heb. zeḵûḵîṯ). Several passages translated ‘glass’ (av) refer to reflecting metal surfaces used as mirrors. Glazing was early known and used on
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Glass
GlassGlass objects were first made at the end of the 3rd millennium b.c. Prior to the 1st century b.c. they were made by either casting or core forming. In order to cast glass, hot glass must be poured into molds or cold glass must be placed over a mold in a hot furnace. The most common cast glass objects
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Glass
Glass [Heb. zeḵôḵîṯ; Gk. hýalos. An amorphous, inorganic, usually transparent or translucent substance consisting of a mixture of silicates formed by fusing silica with a flux and stabilizer into a mass that, when cooled, becomes rigid.Discovered ca. 2500 B.C. in the East, glass was shaped
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
Glass
GLASS Obsidian (volcanic glass) was occasionally imported into Palestine, probably from Anatolia Armenia, during the Neolithic and Chalcolithic periods. Glazed objects were first made in the Near East in the 5th millennium bc, the glaze being applied as a powder on the surface of the object, to become
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Glass
Glass. The Hebrew word occurs only in Job 28:17, where in the Authorized Version it is rendered “crystal.” In spite of the absence of specific allusion to glass in the sacred writings, the Hebrews must have been aware of the invention. From paintings representing the process of glass-blowing which have
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Glass
Glasswas known to the Egyptians at a very early period of their national history, at least B.C. 1500. Various articles both useful and ornamental were made of it, as bottles, vases, etc. A glass bottle with the name of Sargon on it was found among the ruins of the north-west palace of Nimroud. The Hebrew