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Gideon
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Gideon the Judge
Gideon the Judge (גדעון‎, gd'wn). Also known as Jerubbaal (ירבעל‎, yrb'l). Sixth judge in the book of Judges. Lived circa mid-12th century bc. Requested divine signs before agreeing to serve as God’s instrument to deliver His people from the Midianites.
Gideon the Judge, Critical Issues
Gideon the Judge, Critical Issues Reviews problems, questions, and issues arising from Judg 6:1–10:5, the Gideon narrative.
Jerubbaal
Jerubbaal (יְרֻבַּעַל‎, yerubba'al). The name Gideon’s father Joash gave to him after Gideon destroyed the altar of Baal (Judg 6:32; 7:1; 8:29; 1 Sam 12:11).
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Gideon (Person)
GIDEON (PERSON) [Heb gidʿôn (גִּדְעֹון)]. One of the great tribal leaders in the era of the book of Judges (chaps. 6–8). He is also called Jerubbaʿal, for which a popular etymology is given in 6:25–32 (see below). Although his story is told at length, Gideon is not said to have “judged” (Heb špṭ)
Jerubbaal (Person)
JERUBBAAL (PERSON) [Heb yĕrūbbāʿal (יְרֻבָּעַל)]. Var. JERUBBESHETH. Jerubbaal was the name given to Gideon after he destroyed his father’s Baal altar (Judg 6:32). Some understand the references to this name in Judges 9 to be a different person from Gideon, two traditions being conflated (NHI, 152;
Jerubbesheth (Person)
JERUBBESHETH (PERSON) [Heb yĕrubbešet (יְרֻבֶּשֶׁת)]. Var. JERUBBAAL. The father of Abimelech (2 Sam 11:21). A variant form, Jerubbaal, is mentioned in Judg 9:1. This variant form of the name replaces the reference to Baal, the Canaanite deity, found within the name, with Besheth, a form of the Hebrew
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Gideon
Gideon. Judge of Israel, son of Joash, of the clan of Abiczer and the tribe of Manasseh. Of the 12 judges of Israel more verses are devoted to Gideon than any other, Samson running a close second. The narrative in which he is the central character antedates the Christian era by roughly 11 centuries.
Gedeon
Gedeon. kjv spelling of Gideon, Joash’s son and judge of Israel, in Hebrews 11:32.See Gideon.
Jerubbaal
Jerubbaal. Name given to Gideon after he destroyed an altar to Baal (Jgs 6:32). The name means “let Baal contend against him.”See Gideon; Jerubbesheth.
Jerubbesheth
Jerubbesheth. Variation of the name Jerubbaal, meaning “let Baal contend” (Jgs 6:32), ascribed to Gideon for his daring feat of destroying his father’s altar to Baal. Because of Israel’s abhorrence of Baal, the author of 2 Samuel subsequently altered Gideon’s cognomen Jerubbaal to Jerubbesheth, meaning
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Gideon
Gideon gidʹē-ən [Heb. giḏʿôn—‘cutter down,’ ‘feller,’ or ‘hewer’; Gk. Gedeōn (He. 11:32)]; AV also GEDEON (He. 11:32). Also named Jerubbaal (Jgs. 6:32), etc.) and Jerubbesheth (2 S. 11:21), the youngest son of Joash, of the family of Abiezer in the tribe of Manasseh. His home was at Ophrah, and
Jerubbaal
Jerubbaal jerʹə-bāl, [Heb. yerubbaʿal—‘let Baal contend’ (?)]. The name given to Gideon by his father Joash and the people in recognition of his destruction of the altar of Baal at Ophrah (Jgs. 6:32). For this name the form “Jerubbesheth” (2 S. 11:21) was substituted after the analogy of “Ishbosheth”
Jerubbesheth
Jerubbesheth jer-ub-bēśheth, jə-rubʹə-sheth [Heb. yerubbāšeṯ—‘let shame contend’]. It is found once (2 S. 11:21) for Jerubbaal.The Hebrew word bōšeṯ, “shameful thing,” was substituted by later editors of the text for baʿal, “lord,” in the text of Jer. 3:24; Hos. 9:10; in 2 S. 2:8, etc., we
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Gideon
GIDEON Judge of Israel, son of Joash, of the clan of Abiezer and the tribe of Manasseh. Of the 12 judges of Israel, more verses are devoted to Gideon than any other—Samson running a close second. The narrative in which he is the central character antedates the Christian era by roughly 11 centuries.Following
Gedeon
GEDEON* kjv spelling of Gideon, Joash’s son and judge of Israel, in Hebrews 11:32. See Gideon.
Jerubbaal
JERUBBAAL Name given to Gideon after he destroyed an altar to Baal (Jgs 6:32). The name means “let Baal contend against him.” See Gideon.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Gideon
Gideon (gid´ee-uhn; from the Heb. root meaning “to cut off”), the son of Joash the Abiezrite of the town of Ophrah in the tribal area of Manasseh. He is called Jerubbaal in Judg. 6:32. At a time of dire circumstances and impoverishment (6:2, 6, 11), Gideon is called by an angel to deliver Israel from
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Gideon
GIDEON. A charismatic hero of Israel, son of Joash of the clan of Abiezer, of the tribe of Manasseh (Jdg 6:11–8:35). He resided at Ophrah, E of the hill of Moreh between Beth-shean and Mount Tabor, a town in Issachar (cf. Josh 17:11). Like so many Israelites during the cycles of apostasy in the period
Jerubbaal
JERUBBAAL. The name means “let Baal contend,” and is the name given to Gideon by his father Joash upon his destruction of the altar of Baal (Jdg 6:32; 7:1). See Gideon.
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Gideon
GIDEON (Heb. giḏeôn, ‘hewer, smiter’), the judge who delivered Israel from the Midianites, a bedouin people then dominating the central area of Palestine (Jdg. 6:1–8:35). He was the son of Joash, of the clan of Abiezer, of the tribe of Manasseh, and he was also called Jerubbaal. Some scholars hold
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Gideon
Gideon (Heb. giḏĕʿôn) (also JERUBBAAL)According to Judg. 6–8, a premonarchical leader celebrated for ridding Israel of Midianite invaders; also known as Jerubbaal. He was also remembered for divinatory activity (Judg. 6:21, 25, 36–40; 7:9–14; 8:27).An editorial introduction (Judg. 6:1–10) sets the
Jerubbaal
Jerubbaal (Heb. yĕrubbaʿal) (also JERUBBESHETH)The name (“let Baal [or ‘the master’] contend” or “multiply”) given to Gideon to commemorate his destruction of his father’s altar to Baal at Ophrah (Judg. 6:32). At times this name is identified as an alternate appellative (Judg. 7:1; 8:35), but at others
Jerubbesheth
Jerubbesheth (Heb. yĕrubbešeṯ)A substitute form of the name Jerubbaal (2 Sam. 11:21; “let shame contend” or “multiply”), devised to avoid pronunciation of the Baal element.
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Gideon
Gideon [gĭdˊĭ ən] (Heb. giḏ˓ôn “one who fells, hewer”). The youngest son of Joash, from the Abiezrite line of Manasseh. His home was in Ophrah (Judg. 6:11), a city of uncertain location. Though it is difficult to determine precisely when Gideon most likely lived, the events recorded took place
Jerubbaal
Jerubbaal [jěrˊə bāl] (Heb. yerubba˓al “let Baal [or “the master”] contend” or “multiply”).† The name given to Gideon to commemorate his destruction of his father’s altar to Baal at Ophrah (Judg. 6:32). At times this name is identified as an alternate appellative (7:1; 8:35), but at others it is
Jerubbesheth
Jerubbesheth [jə rŭbˊə shĕth] (Heb. yerubbāšeṯ “let shame contend” or “multiply”).† A substitute form of the name Jerubbaal (2 Sam. 11:21), devised to avoid pronunciation of the Baal element.
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Gideon
GIDEON (Hebrew, “warrior” or “hewer”) The son of Joash, member of the tribe of Manasseh from Ephra (Judg 6:11), and a judge in Israel (Judg 6–8); also called Jerubbaal (meaning “Let Baal prosecute”; Judg 7:1, 8:29–35, 9:1; 2 Sam 11:21) after he destroyed the altar of Baal (Judg 6:25–32). His chief accomplishment
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Gideon
Gid´eon (he that cuts down), youngest son of Joash of the Abiezrites, an undistinguished family who lived at Ophrah, a town probably on the west of Jordan, Judges 6:15, in the territory of Manasseh, near Shechem. He was the fifth recorded judge of Israel, and for many reasons the greatest of them all.
Jerubbaai
Jerubba´ai, or Jerub´ba-al (contender with Baal), the surname of Gideon, which he acquired in consequence of destroying the altar of Baal, when his father defended him from the vengeance of the Abiezrites. Judges 6; 32.