Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Roman procurator of Judaea (ad 64–66). According to the Jewish historian Josephus, Gessius Florus’ merciless and corrupt rule provoked the Jewish people to revolt against the Roman Empire in ad 66, leading to the destruction of the Jerusalem temple in ad 70.
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Gessius FlorusThe last Roman procurator of the province of Judea (including Samaria), who assumed power in 64 c.e. According to Josephus he was from Clazomenae and received his procuratorship because his wife Cleopatra was a friend of Nero’s wife Poppea. Josephus and Tacitus attest that Jewish patience
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, Volumes I–III
FLORUS, GE′SSIUS, a native of Clazomenae, succeeded Albinus as procurator of Judaea, a. d. 64–65. He owed his appointment to the influence of his wife Cleopatra with the empress Poppaea. The government of Albinus had been oppressive, but the conduct of Florus caused the Jews to regard it with comparative