Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A word of Latin origin meaning, “belonging to a people.” The Hebrew and Greek words translated as Gentiles mean “people” or “nations.” Bible translations selectively use Gentiles to designate non-Jews.
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Gentiles (גּוֹיִם‎, goyim; ἒθνος, ethnos). A word of Latin origin meaning, “belonging to a people.” The Hebrew and Greek words translated as Gentiles mean “people” or “nations.” Bible translations selectively use Gentiles to designate non-Jews.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Gentile [Heb. gôy, pl gôyim; Sabean, Phoen, gw—‘(the whole) community’ (cf. G. A. Cooke, Textbook of North-Semitic Inscriptions [1903], no 33); Gk. éthnos, Hellēn]. Non-Jewish (non-Hebrew, non Israelite) person(s) or peoples. The Heb. gôy is rendered “Gentiles” in the AV in some thirty passages,
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
GENTILES The non-Jewish nations, known as goyim in Hebrew and ethnoi in Greek. According to the OT perspective, there are but two categories of people, the Jews (God’s elect) and the nations. According to the NT perspective, salvation is offered to Jew and Gentile alike. Both Peter and Paul took the
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Gentile (from Lat. gens, “nation”), a non-Jew. The distinction has its roots in the biblical account of seven nations (Heb. goyim) not driven completely from the land (Josh. 24:11). According to several traditions, the Israelites were enjoined to maintain separation from the people of these nations in
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
GENTILES. The plural of the word “nation” (Heb. gôy. Gr. ethnos) has sometimes been translated “nations,” sometimes “Gentiles,” sometimes “heathen.” “Gentiles” has applied to all nations other than the Jewish without reflecting antipathy necessarily. “Heathen” has reflected a strong antipathy (2 Kgs
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
GENTILES (Heb. gôyîm; Gk. ethnē (or Hellēnes) via Vulg. gentiles). This was originally a general term for ‘nations’, but acquired a restricted sense by usage. In the OT the affinity of all nations is stressed in the tradition of Noah’s descendants (Gn. 10). In God’s covenant with Abraham his descendants
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
GentileSimply put, a non-Jewish person (or non-Hebrew in the OT). This dichotomy is made clear in places where all of humanity is referred to with phrases such as “Jews and Gentiles” or “Jews and Greeks” (e.g., Acts 14:1, 5; 19:10, 17; 1 Cor. 1:22–24).In biblical times, being a Gentile was not merely
Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels
GentilesThe Christian church* is largely Gentile, in spite of the facts that its origins are in a Jew (Jesus Christ), its first leaders were all Jews (the apostles*), and it grew out of Jewish soil (Palestine). Furthermore, the Gentile nature of the church is even more remarkable in light of the fact
Dictionary of Paul and His Letters
Gentiles“Gentiles” is the common English translation of the Greek term ethnē, which in Paul and elsewhere in the NT is used to refer to nations other than the nation of Israel. That God now accepts men and women from all nations into full covenant relationship without the need for conversion to Judaism
Catholic Bible Dictionary
GENTILE Any member of a non-Jewish nation. The Hebrew word gôyîm means “nations” or “peoples” (cf. Gen 10:5, 12:2, 15:14, 17:20, 18:18; Josh 3:17; 10:13; etc.); the people of Israel, as God’s Chosen People, were distinct from the rest of the nations. Thus the term (often translated “nations” in the RSV)
Dictionary of the Later New Testament & Its Developments
Gentiles, Gentile Mission
Gentiles, Gentile MissionGentiles (usually Gk ethnē) is a term used by Jews to describe non-Israelites, a distinction made with many other terms (Bietenhard, 788–95; Porton, gôyı̂m; see DPL, Gentiles, §1). However, the early church increasingly was composed of Gentiles, and because often it appropriated