The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
General. The usual name for the head of a religious order or congregation, now officially known as *institutes of consecrated life. The necessity for the office arose out of the centralized government required by the *Mendicant orders and the later congregations. The term is usually combined with a noun.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
GENERAL; GENERALLY<jen’-er-al>, <jen’-er-al-i> ([כֻּלָּה, kullah]; [πανήγυρις, paneguris]):1. General is the translation of sar, “master,” “head,” “chief”; used once in the King James Version in the sense of commander-in-chief, “the general of the king’s army” (1 Ch 27:34), usually in this
A Catholic Dictionary
general (of an Order). From the foundation of the orders of friars it became usual for religious orders and congregations of men to be under the rule of a general superior, usually elected in general chapter for three years, or some other fixed term. In the Society of Jesus the general is elected for
Ecclesiastical Dictionary: Containing, in Concise Form, Information upon Ecclesiastical, Biblical, Archæological, and Historical Subjects
General.—In the Catholic Church, the supreme head, under the Pope, of the aggregated communities throughout Christendom belonging to a religious order.
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
GENERAL With reference to Sisera (Judg. 4:7) and Joab (1 Chron. 27:34), a general (NRSV) is the highest-ranking officer in command of an army. General, commander, and (chief) captain are used interchangeably for such an officer in English translations. KJV consistently translates “captain” or “chief
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 2, D–G
general. This term, referring to a high-ranking military officer, occurs rarely in Bible versions. The NRSV, for example, uses it once in the OT to render Hebrew śar H8569, “chief, commander” (Jdg. 4:7; cf. also 1 Chr. 27:34 KJV), but also several times in the Apocrypha (e.g., to render Gk. archistratēgos,
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
GENERAL [שַׂר sar; στρατηγός stratēgos]. These terms and several others refer to a high-ranking military officer (also translated as chief, officer, or tribune) and are used for such officers of the Canaanites, the Assyrians in Judith (probably not the historical Assyrians since their king is identified