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Gender roles and issues
Culturally defined roles and social norms for different genders.
Key passages
Tob 2:11–14

And my wife Hannah was earning money doing women’s work. She would send off to the employers, and they paid her. And in addition to her wages, they gave her also a young goat. But when it came to me, it started to bleat, and so I said to her, “From where did the goat come? It is not stolen, …

Tob 3:7–15

On the same day at Ecbatana in Media it happened that Sarah the daughter of Raguel was also reproached by her father’s maidservants because she was given seven husbands. But Asmodeus the evil demon killed them before they could be with her as with a wife. …

Tob 8:6

You made Adam and gave him a helper and support, Eve, his wife. From them has come the human race. You said, ‘It is not good for the man to be alone; let us make for him a helper like himself.’

Jdt 12:11–20

And he said to Bagoas, the eunuch who was over all of his things, “Go now, persuade the Hebrew woman who is with you to come to us and eat and drink with us. For behold, it is causing shame to our face if we allow a woman such as this to leave, not having had her company, because if we do not …

Jdt 15:12–13

Then every woman of Israel ran together in order to see her; and they blessed her, and some from among them performed a dance for her. Then she took wands in her hands, and she gave them to the women with her. And they crowned themselves with olive branches, she and those with her, and she went …