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Gebal (Region)
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A region southeast of the Dead Sea, part of the land of Edom. It is uncertain whether this region is mentioned in the Bible. The mention of Gebal in Psa 83:7 is the only potential reference in the Bible to this Edomite region. Most biblical references to a place called Gebal (גְּבַל‎, geval) refer to the important Phoenician city otherwise known as Byblos. Josephus refers to “Gebalitis” (Γοβολῖτις, Gobolitis) as a part of Idumea and associates it with Amalekites (Antiquities, 2.6). He also mentions “Gebalites” along with Amalekites and Edomites in his account of Amaziah’s campaign against the Edomites (Antiquities, 9.188–192; compare 2 Kgs 14:7). Psalm 83:7 is thought to refer to this region of the Transjordan because it is named in association with Edom, Moab, Ammon, and Amalek, all areas of the Transjordan. The references to Gebal in Josephus also link it to Edom and Amalek. The variant Hebrew spelling of the place in Psa 83:7, slightly different from the spelling of the Phoenician city, is also a possible indication that a different location was meant. However, Psalm 83:7 continues with references to a number of Israel’s other enemies, including the Phoenician city of Tyre. Therefore, the reference to Gebal in Psa 83:7 could potentially also be the Phoenician city. For further information, see this article: Gebal.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Gebal (Region)
Gebal, Region (גְּבָל‎, geval; Γοβολῖτις, Gobolitis). A region southeast of the Dead Sea, part of the land of Edom. It is uncertain whether this region is mentioned in the Bible. The mention of Gebal in Psa 83:7 is the only potential reference in the Bible to this Edomite region. Most biblical references
Gebal
Gebal (גְּבַל‎, geval). A Phoenician seaport and major trading center. Also known as Byblos.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Gebal (Place)
GEBAL (PLACE) [Heb gĕbāl (גְּבָל)]. GEBALITES. 1. A famous ancient Phoenician seaport city, better known today by its Arabic name Jubail (M.R. 210391), situated on the Mediterranean seacoast about 20 miles (32 km) N of Beirut. Since it had a good harbor for small ships it was one of the principal Phoenician
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Gebal
Gebal. 1. One of the earliest villages in Phoenicia and Syria (along with Ras Shamra and Tell Judeideh); also called Byblos (“books”) by the Greeks. It was situated on the Mediterranean about 20 miles north of modern Beirut and was an important commercial center and outlet for the hardwoods of Lebanon
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Gebal
Gebal gēʹbəl; GEBALITES gēʹbəl-īts [Heb. geḇāl—‘border,’ giḇlî, giḇlîm]; AV also “stone-squarers” (1 K. 5:18 [MT 32]), GIBLITES.
Gebal
1. An ancient Phoenician city—the modern Jebeil, situated on a bluff of the foothills of Lebanon, overlooking the Mediterranean about 32 km (20 mi) N of Beirut—and its inhabitants. It was one of the principal seaports of Phoenicia and had a good harbor for small ships. The brisk trade between Egypt and
Gebal
2. A district SE of the Dead Sea, referred to in Ps. 83:7 (MT 8) in connection with Moab, Ammon, Amalek, and others, as making a covenant together against Israel. E. Robinson (Biblical Researches, II [1856], 154) found the name Jebal still applied to this region, and Josephus (Ant. ii.1.2 [6]) spoke
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Gebal
GEBAL1. One of the earliest villages in Phoenicia and Syria (along with Ras Shamra and Tell Judeideh); also called Byblos (“books”) by the Greeks. It was situated on the Mediterranean about 20 miles (32.2 kilometers) north of modern Beirut and was an important commercial center and outlet for the hardwoods
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Gebal
Gebal (gee´buhl; Heb., “mountain”).1 A Canaanite and Phoenician port city about twenty miles north of Beirut, known to the Greeks as Byblos and today called Jebail. Mentioned in Josh. 13:5 as part of the land that still remained to be conquered, it was famous for its skilled laborers. These would include
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Gebal
GEBALAncient harbor of Gebal, ORINST1. An ancient Phoenician seaport, 25 miles N of Beirut, known by the Greeks as Byblos; modern Jebeil. Gebal is one of the most ancient sites yet excavated in the Near East, yielding human bone remains enclosed in large earthen pots dating back to Neolithic times
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Gebal
GEBAL. 1. A Canaanite and Phoenician port whose ruins lie at Jebeil, 40 km N of Beirut. Its name, W Semitic geḇal, Akkad. gubla, Egyp. kpn, means ‘hill, bluff’. The Gk. name Byblos may involve a phonetic shift g-b, or imply that it was the place where Greeks first saw papyrus (Gk. byblos) imported from
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Gebal
Gebal (Heb. gĕḇāl)1. A major Canaanite and Phoenician shipping center, located ca. 30 km. (18.6 mi.) N of Beirut. Its Canaanite name was Gubla, “mountain” (Ugar. Gbl, transcribed in Egyptian records as Kbn/Kpn). The Phoenician name Gbl is vocalized in biblical Hebrew as Gebal. The Mycenaean Greeks
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Gebal
GEBAL A famous ancient Phoenician seaport city, known to the Greeks as Byblos, on the Mediterranean coast north of Beirut. The modern name is Jubail. Gebal was one of the most important of the Phoenician cities; it was noted as a trading center among the peoples of Egypt, Mesopotamia, and Palestine.
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Gebal
Ge´bal (mountain), a maritime town of Phœnicia, near Tyre, Ezek. 27:9; known by the Greeks as Byblus. It is called Jebail by the Arabs, thus reviving the old biblical name.