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Gaza
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The Philistine coastal capital within the tribal allotment of Judah (Josh 15:47; Josephus, Antiquities 5:81). Gaza lay at the intersection of two important trade routes in the eastern Mediterranean. The “Way of the Sea,” or Via Maris (compare Isa 9:1), ran between Egypt and Mesopotamia (Africa and Asia). The desert route that connected the Red Sea and Arabia with the Mediterranean also crossed through Gaza—making it a constantly contested city.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Gaza
Gaza (עַזָּה‎, azzah; Γάζα, Gaza). The Philistine coastal capital within the tribal allotment of Judah (Josh 15:47; Josephus, Antiquities 5:81). Gaza lay at the intersection of two important trade routes in the eastern Mediterranean. The “Way of the Sea,” or Via Maris (compare Isa 9:1), ran between Egypt
Ayyah
Ayyah (עַיָּה‎, ayyah). Also spelled Aija. Another name for the town of Ai (1 Chr 7:28). The name is an alternate spelling of עַי‎ (ay), using a feminine grammatical form. The feminine form is used only in 1 Chr 7:28 and Neh 11:31. Another feminine form of the name, Aiath (עַיַּת‎, ayyath), is found in
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Gaza (Place)
GAZA (PLACE) [Heb ʿazzâ (עַזָּה); Gk Gaza (Γαζα)]. A site in SW Palestine, located on Tell Ḥarube, and the highest point of modern Gaza, covering ca. 55 hectares (M.R. 099101). Gaza lies where the coastal plain is the widest, ca. 25 km, in a very fertile region, rich in wells of sweet water. High sand
Ayyah (Place)
AYYAH (PLACE) [Heb ʿayyâ (עַיָּה)]. In 1 Chr 7:20–30, we find a description of the tribe of Ephraim. Their possessions (vv 28–29) included Bethel, Naaran, Gezer, Shechem, Ayyah, Beth-shean, Taanach, Megiddo, and Dor. The traditional tribal allotments include Shechem and the last 4 sites in Cis-Jordanian
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Gaza, Gazathites
Gaza, Gazathites. City near the Palestinian coast, about 50 miles W, SW of Jerusalem. It has been occupied almost continuously since ancient times; modern Gaza (Arab. Ghazzeh) has played an important part in the conflict between Arabs and Israelis. Gazite and Gazathite are biblical names for the residents
Ayyah
Ayyah. Town belonging to Ephraim’s tribe (1 Chr 7:28, kjv Gaza, but different from the Philistine Gaza). Some scholars think that Aija (Neh 11:31) refers to Ayyah or to Ai, possibly a neighboring town. Many identify Aiath (Is 10:28) with Ayyah and the town with the modern Khirbet Haiyan.
Azzah
Azzah. kjv rendering of the Philistine city of Gaza in Deuteronomy 2:23; 1 Kings 4:24; and Jeremiah 25:20.See Gaza, Gazathites.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Gaza
Gaza gäʹzə [Heb. ʿazzâ; Gk. Gaza (Acts 8:26)]; AV also AZZAH (Dt. 2:23; 1 K. 4:24; Jer. 25:20). One of the five chief cities of the Philistines. I. Location II. HistoryA. Early HistoryB. Iron AgeC. Persian PeriodD. Hellenistic PeriodE. Roman Period and Later III. Excavations
Ayyah
Ayyah aʹyə [Heb. ‘ayyâ, Bomberg ed. and Targ. ‘azzâ; Gk. Gaia, Gaza] (1 Ch. 7:28); AV, NEB, GAZA. An Ephraimite possession, but not the Philistine city of Gaza. Some site close to Ai has been proposed (cf. Ezr. 2:28; Neh. 11:31), but this is uncertain.R. K. Harrison
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Gaza
GAZA City near the Palestinian coast, about 50 miles (80.5 kilometers) west-southwest of Jerusalem. It has been occupied almost continuously since ancient times; modern Gaza has played an important part in the conflict between Arabs and Israelis. Gazite and Gazathite are biblical names for the residents
Ayyah
AYYAH Town belonging to Ephraim’s tribe (1 Chr 7:28), Gaza, but different from the Philistine Gaza. Some scholars think that Aija (Neh 11:31) refers to Ayyah or to Ai, possibly a neighboring town. Many identify Aiath (Is 10:28) with Ayyah and the town with the modern Khirbet Haiyan.
Azzah
AZZAH* kjv rendering of the Philistine city of Gaza in Deuteronomy 2:23; 1 Kings 4:24; and Jeremiah 25:20. See Gaza.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Gaza
Gaza (gay´zuh), a settlement about three miles from the Mediterranean coast, marking the southern border of Canaan. It was captured by Pharaoh Thutmose III (ca. 1469 bce) and is mentioned in the Tell el-Amarna tablets and Taanach tablets as an Egyptian administrative center. It was later conquered by
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Gaza
GAZA. An important seaport town on the S coast of Palestine. The modern name Ghazzeh preserves the original first consonant (cf. Heb. ‘azzâ, Deut 2:23). During the Late Bronze Age it was the main Egyptian administrative center in their province of Canaan, of which it marked the southernmost extremity
Azzah
AZZAH. The KJV translation of Heb. ˓azzâ in (Deut 2:23; 1 Kgs 4:24; Jer 25:20). The Gr. form, Gaza, is more commonly used. See Gaza.
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Gaza
GAZA (Heb. ‘azzâ, lxx Gaza). One of the five principal Philistine cities. Originally inhabited by the Avvim, driven out by the Caphtorim (*Caphtor; Dt. 2:23), it was considered to mark the S limit of Canaan at the point on the coast where it was situated (Gn. 10:19). Joshua conquered it (Jos. 10:41)
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Gaza
Gaza (Heb. ʿazzâ; Gk. Gáza)An important coastal city of the southern Levant, best known in the Bible as one of the cities of Philistia. The site is Tell Ḥarube/Tell ʿAzza in the northeastern, and highest, corner of the modern city (100100). Gaza is ca. 5 km. (3 mi.) from the Mediterranean, although
Ayyah
Ayyah (Heb. ʾayyâ)A town settled by the Benjaminites returning from the Exile in Babylon (1 Chr. 7:28). The LXX reads “Gaza,” which would be distinct from Gaza in Philistia. Ayyah may be the same as Aija at Neh. 11:31. Some identify it with a site near Ai or with Ai itself (Ezra 2:28).Willard W.
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Gaza
Gaza [gāˊzə, gäˊzə] (Heb. ˓azzå “the strong”; Gk. Gaza). The most important and the southernmost of the Philistine cities, situated 4 km. (2.5 mi.) from the southeastern Mediterranean coast, 80 km. (50 mi.) southwest of Jerusalem, and 66 km. (41 mi.) south of Joppa. It lay on the border
Ayyah
Ayyah [äˊyə] (Heb. ˓ayyâ). A town in the tribal territory of Ephraim (1 Chr. 7:28), to be distinguished from Gaza (KJV “Gaza”; see LXX Gaza) in Philistia. Some scholars have suggested a site near Ai or Ai itself.
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
Gaza
GAZA A city on the coast of Palestine on the route to Egypt, the last halt before entering the desert. A caravan point of strategic importance from the earliest times, it was constantly involved in the wars between Egypt and Palestine, Syria and the Mesopotamian powers, and appears frequently in Egyptian
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Gaza
GAZA One of the five principal cities of the Philistines, on the southern boundary of Palestine and situated near the main road between Egypt and Asia. That road is called in Exodus “the way of the land of the Philistines” (Exod 13:17) and was known later as the “Way of the Sea” (Isa 9:1). Gaza therefore
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