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Gath
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
One of the five Philistine city-states during the Iron Age. Located in northeast Philistia. Gath was the home of Goliath, the Philistine giant killed by the young David in 1 Sam 17. David twice took refuge in Gath while fleeing from Saul (1 Sam 21:10–15; 27:2–7). During David’s reign, Gath was taken by Israel, but it is mentioned only sporadically in the biblical record. The site appears to have been destroyed by king Hazael of Aram (2 Kgs 12:18). Although it was occupied subsequently, it never returned to its former status.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Gath
Gath (גת‎, gt; “winepress”). One of the five Philistine city-states during the Iron Age. Located in northeast Philistia. Gath was the home of Goliath, the Philistine giant killed by the young David in 1 Sam 17. David twice took refuge in Gath while fleeing from Saul (1 Sam 21:10–15; 27:2–7). During David’s
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Gath (Place)
GATH (PLACE) [Heb gat (גַּת)]. One of the five principal cities of the Philistines. Gath was situated in the Shephelah S of its sister city Ekron (now identified with Tel Miqne) and was the Philistine city in closest proximity to the territory of Judah to the E (1 Sam 17:52). However its exact location
Gai (Place)
GAI (PLACE) [Heb gayʾ (גַּיְא)]. A place toward which the Philistines fled after the death of Goliath (1 Sam 17:52). Although it has been translated as “the valley” (KJV; see also Rainey 1975: 69*–70* who identifies “the valley” with the Elah Valley), this translation appears unlikely owing to the absence
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Gath
Gath. Walled city (2 Chr 26:6) and one of the five chief cities of the Philistines, which also included Gaza, Ashdod, Ashkelon, and Ekron (Jos 13:3; 1 Sm 6:17), all situated on or near the southern coast of Palestine. Although frequently involved in conflict with the Israelites, the city was apparently
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Gath
Gath gath [Heb gaṯ—‘winepress’; LXX usually Gk Geth, also Gaith (1 Ch. 7:21), Gettha (1 S. 5:8); cf. Gitta (Josephus Ant. vi.1.2 [8])]. Widely used as a place name in the Levant. Some of the Greek transcriptions, as well as Lat. Getta (Pliny Nat. hist. v.17 [75]) agree with the Hebrew gentilic form
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Gath
GATH Walled city (2 Chr 26:6) and one of the five chief cities of the Philistines, which also included Gaza, Ashdod, Ashkelon, and Ekron (Jos 13:3; 1 Sm 6:17), all situated on or near the southern coast of Palestine. Although frequently involved in conflict with the Israelites, the city was apparently
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Gath
Gath, one of the Philistine Pentapolis cities located on the coastal plain in the southern Levant (Josh. 13:3). Like Ashdod, it was one of the remaining homes of the Anakim (giants; see Josh. 11:22; 2 Sam. 21:22). The city is mentioned twice in conjunction with the stories about the ark of the covenant
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Gath
GATH. A place name widely used in the Levant, meaning “wine press.” Administrative documents from Ugarit list 29 different towns with a name of which the first element is gt (Gath) followed by a second element, e.g., gt˓ttrt, “the wine press of Ashtaroth”; gt gl˓d, “the wine press of Gilead.” Therefore,
Gath of the Philistines
GATH OF THE PHILISTINES. Home of one of the five Philistine lords (Josh 13:3, RSV). It was known as the home of giants (Josh 11:22), Goliath in particular (1 Sam 17:4; 2 Sam 21:19–20; 1 Chr 20:4–8). Achish (q.v.) ruled there as king with apparent hegemony over all of the Philistine region (1 Sam 21:10–15;
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Gath
GATH. One of the five principal Philistine cities, and formerly occupied by the Anakim (*Anak; Jos. 11:22). The gentilic from the name gaṯ was gittî or gittîm (Jos. 13:3), and this accounts for the ‘Gittite’ of the evv. When the Philistine; captured the ark and it brought ill fortune to Ashdod it
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Gath
Gath (Heb. gaṯ)A city of the Philistine pentapolis, sometimes called Gath of the Philistines. Although the word Gath is usually translated “winepress,” in Ugaritic texts it refers to a processing center for agricultural goods. The city is usually identified with the impressive mound known as Tell eṣ-
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Gath
Gath [găth] (Heb. gaṯ “winepress”). One of the five major Philistine cities. Its inhabitants were called Gittites.Situated in the northeastern area of the Philistine plain, Gath effectively controlled the valley west of the Judean hills. It must have been located rather close to Ekron, another Philistine
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
Gath; Gittites
GATH; GITTITES a) One of the cities of the ‘five lords of the Philistines’ (Josh. 13:3; 1 Sam. 5:7–10; 6:17), the place where the Anakim remained until they were subdued by Joshua (Josh. 11:22, etc.). Achish, King of Gath, granted refuge to David when he escaped from Saul (1 Sam. 27:2–11). According
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Gath
GATH One of the five main cities of the Philistines (Josh 13:3; 1 Sam 5:7–10). The city was located in the Shephelah and was the closest to Judah, although its modern location is uncertain. It was first occupied by the Anakim (Josh 11:22; 2 Sam 2:22; 1 Chr 20:8), a race of giants. David served King Achis
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