Door-keeper • Doorkeeper • Doorkeepers • Gatekeepers • Janitor • Porter
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Gatekeeper [Heb šôʿēr] (2 K. 7:10f.; 1 Ch. 9:17–26; 15:18; etc.); AV PORTER, DOORKEEPER (1 Ch. 15:23f); NEB also DOOR-KEEPER, “watch (at the city gate)”; [Gk thyrōrós] (Jn. 10:3); AV PORTER; NEB DOORKEEPER; DOORKEEPER [Heb sāp̱ap̱] (Ps. 84:10 [MT 11]); NEB “linger by the threshold”; [Aram tārāʿ]
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
GATEKEEPERS Those who guarded gates of the cities and doors of palaces, temples, and other large buildings. Their task was to admit or reject visitors (2 Kgs 7:10–11; 11:4–9). In the Bible these men are variously named as gatekeepers, porters, doorkeepers, and guards.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
doorkeepers, people who watched or controlled access to important or restricted places. Doorkeepers were appointed in the temple as “keepers of the threshold” to collect money from the people (2 Kings 22:4). A psalmist says, “I would rather be a doorkeeper in the house of my God than to dwell in the
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
DOORKEEPER. Mentioned a number of times in both the OT and NT. It sometimes signifies a gatekeeper, since both Heb. and Gr. words can refer to either door or gate. In important buildings, such as the temple, the position was evidently one of dignity and honor. In Ps 84:10 the translation “doorkeeper”
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
GatekeeperA guard who protected the gates of a city (2 Kgs. 7:10–11) or the Jerusalem temple (1 Chr. 9:22). King David appointed 4000 Levites to guard the temple (1 Chr. 23:3–5; 26:1–32). These guards had several duties, including caring for the ark (1 Chr. 15:23–24), overseeing the freewill offerings
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Gatekeeper (Heb. šô˓ēr; Gk. thyrōrós). A guard appointed to protect the gates of the city (2 Kgs. 7:10–11; KJV “porter”) or the temple (1 Chr. 9:22). King David appointed four thousand gatekeepers to serve in the temple (23:5; 26:1–32). The temple gatekeepers were to be Levites (23:3–5), and
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
doorkeeper. The doorkeepers, or ostiarii, constituted the lowest of the *Minor Orders of the W. Church. Their functions, as stated in the *Pontifical, were similar to those of the modern verger; in antiquity they were particularly responsible for excluding unauthorized persons from attending the Eucharist.
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Porter. This word when used in the Authorized Version does not bear its modern signification of a carrier of burdens, but denotes in every case a gate-keeper, from the Latin portarius, the man who attended to the porta or gate.
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
GATEKEEPER (Heb. shô˓ēr, from sha˓ar, a “gate”; Gk. thurōros; “porter,” KJV). As used in the KJV, porter has always the sense of doorkeeper, or gatekeeper, the term used in the NASB and NIV. In the later books of the OT, written after the building of the Temple, the term is applied to the Levites
DOORKEEPER (Heb. shô˓ēr; Gk. thurōros). “Doorkeepers for the ark are named (1 Chron. 15:23–24 [NASB, “gatekeeper”]), whose duty was thought to be to guard the door of the Tabernacle, so as to prevent anyone from coming carelessly to the ark.” Persons were appointed to keep the street door of houses,
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Door-keeperThis word is used in Ps. 84:10 (R.V. marg., “stand at the threshold of,” etc.), but there it signifies properly “sitting at the threshold in the house of God.” The psalmist means that he would rather stand at the door of God’s house and merely look in, than dwell in houses where iniquity
Portera gate-keeper (2 Sam. 18:26; 2 Kings 7:10; 1 Chr. 9:21; 2 Chr. 8:14). Of the Levites, 4,000 were appointed as porters by David (1 Chr. 23:5), who were arranged according to their families (26:1–19) to take charge of the doors and gates of the temple. They were sometimes employed as musicians (1
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Doorkeepersdoorkeepers, people who guard access to important or restricted places. Doorkeepers were appointed in the Temple as ‘keepers of the threshold’ to collect money from the people (2 Kings 22:4). Levites were appointed as gatekeepers for the Ark (1 Chron. 15:23–24). Eunuchs were doorkeepers
Porterporter (gatekeeper, doorkeeper, watchman), term used in the kjv for various officers: guardians of city gates (e.g., 2 Sam. 18:26; Ezra 7:24); of private houses (Mark 13:34); and of a sheepfold (John 10:3). The Temple officers so described appear as a subgroup of the Levites (1 Chron. 23:3–5;
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
DOORKEEPER<dor’-kep-er> ([שׁוֹעֵר‎, shòer]): The gates of an oriental city and of the temple courts so closely resembled the door of a house that the same Hebrew word was used for doorkeeper and gatekeeper. It is often translated by the less definite word “porter” (which see).In the preexilic writings
PORT; PORTER<port>, <por’-ter>: “Port” in the sense of “gate” (of a city or building) is obsolete in modern English, and even in the King James Version is found only in Nehemiah 2:13. “Porter,” as “gate-keeper,” however, is still in some use, but “porter” now (but never in the English Versions
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