The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Garland [Heb liwyâ] (Prov. 1:9; 4:9); AV ORNAMENT; [ʾiwweleṯ—‘folly’] (Prov. 14:24); AV “folly”; NEB CHIEF ORNAMENT; [peʾēr] (Isa. 61:3, 10); AV BEAUTY, ORNAMENTS; [Gk stémma] (Acts 14:13). The RSV emends ʾiwweleṯ in Prov. 14:24 to read liwyâ.A wreath to be worn on the head as an ornament for
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
GARLAND. Found only in KJV in Acts 14:13; where the priests of Jupiter (Gr. Zeus) “brought oxen and garlands” to worship Paul and Barnabas as deities. Whether the garlands (Gr. stemma, “wreath”) were for the apostles or oxen is not clear.The ASV and RSV translate the Heb. pe’ēr (“headdress,” “turban,”
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
GarlandA wreath, often woven of flowers or leaves, worn around the head or neck. Linden, myrtle, bay foliage, ivy and parsley served as the wreath’s framework. Flowers of various kinds, including violets and roses, were sometimes interwoven. Garlands were used for festive occasions, for funerary decorations,
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
GARLAND (Gk. stemma). In heathen sacrifices it was customary to adorn the animals with fillets and garlands and also to put garlands on the head of the idol before sacrifice. These garlands were generally composed of such trees or plants as were esteemed most agreeable to the god who was to be worshiped.
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Garlands(Acts 14:13). In heathen sacrifices the victims were adorned with fillets and garlands made of wool, with leaves and flowers interwoven. The altar and the priests and attendants were also in like manner adorned.
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
GARLAND — a wreath, usually woven of flowers or leaves, worn on the head (Acts 14:13; wreaths, NIV).
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
GARLAND<gar’-land> ([στέμμα, stemma], “wreath”): Mentioned only in Acts 14:13, where it is said that the priest of Jupiter brought oxen and garlands unto the gates with which to offer sacrifices unto Barnabas and Paul. The rendering “oxen and garlands,” instead of “oxen garlanded,” seems to
Dictionary of Phrase and Fable
Garland (g hard).“A chaplet should be composed of four roses … and a garland should be formed of laurel or oak leaves, interspersed with acorns.”—J. E. Cussans: Handbook of Heraldry, chap. vii. p. 195.Garland. A collection of ballads in True Lovers’ Garland, etc.Nuptial garlands are as old as the
The Westminster Bible Dictionary
Garʹlands (Acts 14:13), the wreaths of leaves or flowers or plants with which the heathen adorned the victims about to be offered in sacrifice, and the heads of the idols before which the sacrifices were offered.
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
GARLAND In modern translations two Hebrew and one Greek term, all referring to wreaths worn on the head. Garlands symbolized instruction or the benefit of wisdom (Prov. 1:8–9; 4:7–9). In Isa. 61:3, 10 garlands form part of the bridegroom’s wedding apparel (ASV, NEB). Israel’s days of exile, pictured
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 2, D–G
garland. This term is used by the NIV to render Hebrew liwyâ H4292, “wreath,” which occurs only twice in a metaphorical sense, indicating honor and joy (Prov. 1:9, 4:9). The NRSV uses it a few additional times as a rendering of various other words (e.g., Heb. ʿăṭārâ H6498, Prov. 14:24 et al.; Gk.
The Eerdmans Encyclopedia of Early Christian Art and Archaeology, Volumes 1–3
GarlandChain (Gk. stemma, Lat. serta) of flowers or leaves (esp. ivy: sacred to → Dionysos). In antiquity, g. were strung together in a small circular form and worn on the head (Gk. stephanos, Lat. corona) as a wreath or chaplet (→ Diadem). As a longer chain or extended band, a g. might be draped (as