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Gangrene
Canker
Dictionaries
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Gangrene
Gangrene. Death of tissue due to the loss of the vital blood supply to that part of the body. Often the most distal tip of an extremity, such as fingertips or toes, will turn black and surgeons will amputate the dead part to prevent extension and harm to more of the limb or to life itself.The term “gangrene”
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Gangrene
Gangrene [Gk gángraina] (2 Tim. 2:17); AV CANKER. A Greek medical term used since the time of Hippocrates for a spreading ulcer. Paul compares the corrupting influence of profane talk to this disease. The old English word “cankers” (cf. AV) was used by sixteenth-and seventeenth-century authors as the
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Gangrene
GANGRENE* Death of tissue due to loss of the vital blood supply to that part of the body. Often the most distal tip of an extremity, such as fingertips or toes, will turn black and surgeons will amputate the dead part to prevent extension and harm to more of the limb or to life itself.The term “gangrene”
Canker
CANKER* kjv rendering of “gangrene” or “cancer” in 2 Timothy 2:17. See Gangrene.
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Gangrene
GangreneIn ancient Greek usage, a spreading ulcer (Gk. gángraina). At 2 Tim. 2:17 it describes the pernicious spread of heresy. Plutarch employs the term similarly to describe the effect of the calumnies of one Medius, a “flatterer” (i.e., a confidant with evil intent) of Alexander (Moralia 65D).
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Gangrene
Gangrene (Gk. gángraina). In ancient Greek usage, a spreading ulcer. At 2 Tim. 2:17 it describes the pernicious spread of heresy (KJV “cankers”). Plutarch employs the term similarly to describe the effect of the calumnies of one Medius, a “flatterer” (i.e., a confidant with evil intent) of Alexander
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Canker
Cankera gangrene or mortification which gradually spreads over the whole body (2 Tim. 2:17). In James 5:3 “cankered” means “rusted” (R.V.) or tarnished.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
GANGRENE
GANGRENE<gan’-gren> ([γάγγραινα, gaggraina], pronounced gan-graina; the King James Version canker): The name was used by the old Greek physicians for an eating ulcer which corrodes the soft parts and, according to Galen, often ends in mortification. Paul compares the corrupting influence of profane
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Gangrene
GANGRENE Greek gangraina (2 Tim. 2:17) can refer either to gangrene, a death of soft tissue resulting from problems with blood flow (NASB, NRSV, REB) or to an ulcer (canker, KJV; open sore, TEV). In 2 Timothy gangraina is used figuratively for false teachings which destroy people who accept them.
Canker
CANKER KJV translation in 2 Tim. 2:17 and James 5:3. In general, canker may refer to any source of corruption or debasement. In 2 Tim. 2:17 the reference is to gangrene which is the local death of soft tissues due to loss of blood supply—a condition that can spread from infected to uninfected tissue.
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 1, A–C
Canker
canker. This English term is used in the KJV to translate Greek gangraina G1121, which means “gangrene” (2 Tim. 2:17).
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 2, D–G
Gangrene
gangrene. Decay of bodily tissue. The term (Gk. gangraina G1121) is used figuratively of heretical teaching, compared to a spreading ulcer (2 Tim. 2:17). Some have thought that King Asa suffered from gangrene in his feet (1 Ki. 15:23)
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
Gangrene
GANGRENE, ganʹgrēn (γάγγραινα, gággraina, pronounced gáṇ-graina; AV canker): The name was used by the old Gr physicians for an eating ulcer which corrodes the soft parts and, according to Galen, often ends in mortification. St. Paul compares the corrupting influence of profane babbling or levity,
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
GANGRENE
GANGRENE [γάγγραινα gangraina]. Putrification of flesh due to infection. 2 Timothy 2:17 warns that profane words spread “like gangrene” to decay the faith of others. This passage accuses Hymenaeus and Philetus of proclaiming that the resurrection has already occurred, a stance 2 Timothy deems heretical
Key passages
2 Ti 2:17

and their message will spread like gangrene, among whom are Hymenaeus and Philetus,

See also
Topics & Themes