Loading…
Gammadim
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
An apparent reference to people from an otherwise unknown place called Gamad. The only reference to the gammadim or “men of Gamad” appears in Ezek 27:11. The context of this verse suggests people from Gamad served as mercenaries for Tyre alongside people from Persia, Lud, Put, Arvad, and Helech.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Gammadim
Gammadim (גַּמָּדִים‎, gammadim). An apparent reference to people from an otherwise unknown place called Gamad. The only reference to the gammadim or “men of Gamad” appears in Ezek 27:11. The context of this verse suggests people from Gamad served as mercenaries for Tyre alongside people from Persia,
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Gamad, Men of
Gamad, Men of gāʹmad [Heb gammāḏîm] (Ezk. 27:11); AV GAMMADIMS; NEB MEN OF GAMMAD. Gammad is the name of an unknown place near Tyre, the inhabitants of which were in Tyre’s army. (The JB has “kept watch,” following the LXX phýlakes.) Some have identified it with the Kumidi of the Amarna Letters.
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Gammadim
GAMMADIM. An obscure term found only in Ezk 27:11. It is translated “valorous men” by ASV, but the context seems to imply a proper name. Suggestions have been made to identify it with the city of Kumidi of the Tell el-Amarna letters, somewhere near Arvad in northern Phoenicia.
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Gammadim
Gam´madim. This word occurs only in Ezek. 27:11. A variety of explanations of the term have been offered.1. One class renders it “pygmies.” 2. A second treats it as a geographical or local term. 3. A third gives a more general sense to the word “brave warriors.” Hitzig suggests “deserters.” After all,
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Gammadim
GAM´MADIM (gamʹa-dim). Mentioned as defenders of the towers of Tyre (Ezek. 27:11). Various explanations have been given of the meaning of the term, but the most probable is “warriors,” “brave men,” used as an epithet applied to the native troops of Tyre (marg., “valorous ones”). The RV and NIV render
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Gammadim
Gammadim(Ezek. 27:11) brave warriors; R.V. marg., “valorous men;” others interpret this word as meaning “short-swordsmen,” or “daring ones”, the name of a class of men who were defenders of the towers of Tyre.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
GAMMADIM
GAMMADIM<gam’-a-dim> ([גַּמָּדִים‎, gammadhim]): The word occurs only in Ezek 27:11, in the King James Version in form “Gammadims,” in the English Revised Version “Gammadim.” In the American Standard Revised Version, as also in the English Revised Version, margin, it is rendered “valorous men.”
The Westminster Bible Dictionary
Gammadims
Gamʹma-dims [Hebrew, Gamʹma-dim], the name of a class of men mentioned in Ezek. 27:11 as defenders of the towers of Tyre in connection with the mercenaries from Arad. Various explanations of the term have been given, the most plausible being that which makes it the designation of the brave warriors who
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
Gammadim
GAMMADIM, gamʹa-dim (גַּמָּדִים‎, gammādhīm): The word occurs only in Ezk 27:11, in AV in form “Gammadims,” in ERV “Gammadim.” In ARV, as also in ERVm, it is rendered “valorous men.” Some think a proper name is required, but identification is not possible, and the meaning remains doubtful.