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Gamad
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A place whose existence is inferred only from the reference to “Gammadim” (גַּמָּדִים‎, gammadim), often translated “men of Gamad,” in Ezekiel’s lamentation over the Phoenician city of Tyre (Ezek 27:11). The context of Ezekiel’s reference suggests that Tyre hired mercenaries from all over the ancient Near East (Ezel 27:10–11).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Gamad
Gamad (גַּמָּד‎, gammad). A place whose existence is inferred only from the reference to “Gammadim” (גַּמָּדִים‎, gammadim), often translated “men of Gamad,” in Ezekiel’s lamentation over the Phoenician city of Tyre (Ezek 27:11). The context of Ezekiel’s reference suggests that Tyre hired mercenaries from
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Gamad (Place)
GAMAD (PLACE) [Heb gammād (גַּמָּד)]. A putative place name found in the lamentation over the Phoenician city of Tyre raised by Ezekiel (27:11). The Heb word gammādı̂m is not attested elsewhere and is of uncertain meaning. The context is metaphorical: Tyre is imaged as a ship whose crew is a collection
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Gamad
Gamad. Home of mercenaries who served in the army of Tyre, according to Ezekiel’s prophecy (Ez 27:11, kjv Gammadims). Gamad may have been located in Syria and is identified as Kumidi in the Tell el-Amarna Letters.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Gammad
GAMMAD Home of mercenaries who served in the army of Tyre, according to Ezekiel’s prophecy (Ez 27:11). Gammad may have been located in Syria and is identified as Kumidi in the Tell el-Amarna letters.
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Gamad
Gamad (Heb. gammāḏ)A place which supplied mercenaries in the defense of Tyre (Ezek. 27:11; NJB “Gammadians”). Perhaps they should be identified with Kumidi in northern Syria, mentioned in the Amarna Letters.
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Gamad
Gamad [gāˊmăd], Men of (Heb. gammāḏîm).† Mercenaries employed in the defense of Tyre (Ezek. 27:11; KJV “Gammadim”; NIV “men of Gammad”; JB “kept watch,” following LXX Gk. phýlakes). Perhaps they should be identified with the Kumidi from northern Syria, mentioned in the Amarna Letters.
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Gammad
GAMMAD [GAM add] — a city mentioned in the Book of Ezekiel. The reference is to the “men of Gammad,” brave warriors who manned the towers of Tyre (Ezek. 27:11; “men of Gamad,” NRSV; “Gammadim,” KJV). Gammad may have been Kumidi in northern Syria.
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Gamad
GAMAD (Gāʹ măd) (NRSV, TEV) or GAMMAD (NIV, REB) Place-name of uncertain meaning in Ezek. 27:11. The early translations apparently read a Hebrew text with letters easily confused with those of Gamad and meaning “watchers.” Others interpreted it as “dwarf” or “pygmies.” Others have pointed to a people
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 2, D–G
Gammad
Gammad gam’uhd (assumed name of a site, based on the gentilic גַּמָּדִיםH1689, “Gammadites”). Also Gamad. In his poetic description of Tyre, Ezekiel says, “Men of Arvad and Helech / manned your walls on every side; / men of Gammad / were in your towers” (Ezek. 27:11; KJV, “Gammadims”; lxx, phylakes,
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
GAMAD
GAMAD gay´mad [גַּמָּדִיםgammadhim]. The sole reference to this otherwise unknown location (Ezek 27:11) occurs within a lamentation intoned by the prophet Ezekiel over TYRE, which is imagined as a ship. Various groups of people take metaphorical roles on this ship: the “men of Gamad” are assigned to