An upright frame where one was executed by hanging or impalement.
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
gallows, a device for execution by hanging. Most gallows comprised a platform from which a vertical support ascended to anchor a horizontal arm from which the strangling rope descended. Biblical law made no provision for such a form of execution, and gallows are mentioned only in the book of Esther,
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
GALLOWS. A pole with a projecting arm for the hanging up of a dead body (Est 5:14; 6:4; 7:9–10; 8:7; 9:13–14, 25; cf. Gen 40:19, 22; 41:13). In the book of Esther it may mean to impale a body on a stake. The victim was usually dead before the body was placed on the gibbet. See Crime and Punishment; Cross.
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
GALLOWS (Heb. ‘ēṣ, ‘tree’). Found only in the book of Esther (nine times). Haman had a gallows (av mg. ‘tree’) made on which to execute Mordecai, but the mode of the intended execution has been much debated. Hanging was not usual in Persia, where the events took place; it is suggested that the Heb.
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
GALLOWS — a platform on which a person was executed. The gallows is mentioned several times in the Book of Esther (2:23; 7:9; 9:25). In an ironic turn of events, the wicked Haman was executed on the very gallows where he planned to hang the Jewish leader Mordecai (Esth. 7:10). The method of “hanging”
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
GALLOWS English translation referring to the platform on which a person was hanged. The Hebrew term translated “gallows” in Esther (2:23; 7:9–10; 9:25) is the word for “tree.” It is frequently suggested that tree should be understood as “stake” and that those executed by the Persians were impaled rather