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Gad
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The god of fortune in both Syrian and Phoenician language and worship whose name was also used to express good fortune or good luck (Isa 65:11).In the Old Testament, Gad worship is seen most clearly when God pronounces judgment on the Israelites for worshiping the false gods of Gad and Meni, who were the gods of “fortune” and “destiny,” respectively (Isa 65:11). Blenkinsopp argues that Gad was appealed to as a god of good fortune, while Meni was appeased as a god of bad fortune (Blenkinsopp, Isaiah 56–66, 278). The worship of both Gad and Meni took the form of a ritualistic meal that included food and drink placed on a table. In the context of Isaiah, as the Israelites appeal to these gods for the future, God establishes His control over both their immediate and eschatological future (Isa 65:12–25).Gad worship may also be seen through the place names of certain Canaanite towns mentioned in the book of Joshua. Most notable are Baal-gad (Josh 11:17) and Migdal-gad (Josh 15:37). Names that incorporate Gad found elsewhere in the Old Testament include Gaddiel (Num 13:10), Gaddi (Num 13:11), Gadi (2 Kgs 15:14, 17), and Azgad (Ezra 2:12). It is also worth noting that in the story of Jacob, Leah chose the name Gad for the son born by her servant Zilpah, and proclaimed, “Good fortune!” (בְּגָד‎, begad; Gen 30:11).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Gad, God of the Canaanites
Gad, God of the Canaanites (גַּד‎, gad). The god of fortune in both Syrian and Phoenician language and worship whose name was also used to express good fortune or good luck (Isa 65:11).In the Old Testament, Gad worship is seen most clearly when God pronounces judgment on the Israelites for worshiping
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Gad (Deity)
GAD (DEITY) [Heb gad (גַּד)]. A deity (or spirit) of fortune mentioned in Isa 65:11 as being worshipped, along with Meni (a god of fate or destiny), by apostate Jews, probably in postexilic Judah. The RSV translates Heb gad as “Fortune” and mĕnı̂ as “Destiny”: “you … who set a table for Fortune and
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Gad (Deity)
GAD* (Idol) Canaanite god of fortune or fate whom the Israelites worshiped (Is 65:11).See also Canaanite Deities and Religion.
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Gad
GAD 1. Gad, son of Jacob; Gadites. The seventh son of Jacob by Zilpah, Leah’s maid (Gen 30:9–10). At his birth Leah said, “A troop cometh: and she called his name Gad” (Gen 30:11). The reference to “troop” was prophetic of the high spirit and valor which characterized the descendants of Gad. This seems
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Gad
GAD (‘good fortune’). 1. The seventh son of Jacob, his first by Leah’s maid Zilpah (Gn. 30:10–11). Gad himself already had seven sons when Jacob and his family entered Egypt (Gn. 46:16); Jacob promised Gad’s descendants a troubled life, but foretold that they would hit back (Gn. 49:19). They recur later
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Gad
Gad (Heb. gāḏ) (DEITY)A Syrian deity worshipped along with Meni (Isa. 65:11), attested in several West Semitic languages. In English versions Gad is translated “fortune,” Meni as “destiny” or “fate.” It has been suggested that this deity is a late personification of the Hebrew term.Nancy L. deClaissé-Walford
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
Gad
GAD גדI. Gad is the name of a deity of good luck, equivalent to the Greek →Tyche and Latin →Fortuna. Gad is mentioned together with →Meni in Isa 65:11 as being worshipped in post-exilic Judah. The god is also attested in personal names (e.g. Gaddî, Num 13:11; Gaddîʾēl, Num 13:10; ʿAzgād, Ezra 2:12)
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Gad
GAD (gad; “fortune”). The name of David’s “seer” (see below); and of Jacob’s seventh son, the firstborn of Zilpah, Leah’s maid, and whole brother to Asher (Gen. 30:9–11; 46:16, 18), perhaps about 1850 b.c.
Gad
GAD (gad; “good fortune”). A Canaanite god of fortune, often appearing in Heb. compounds as “Baal-gad” (Josh. 11:17; “Migdal-gad,” Josh. 15:37). See Gods, False.
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Gad
GadGad (Heb., ‘luck’). 1 Canaanite god of fortune (Isa. 65:11). 2 Son of Jacob and Zilpah (Gen. 30:9–11); eponymous ancestor of the Israelite tribe of that name. Gad occupied territory between the Jabbok and Arnon rivers, which it shared with the tribe of Reuben. The Jabbok served as the boundary between
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Gad
GAD [gad] (good fortune) — the name of the founder of a tribe in Israel, a prophet, and a pagan god:1. The seventh of Jacob’s twelve sons. Gad was the firstborn of Zilpah (Leah’s maid) and a brother of Asher (Gen. 30:11). Moses praised Gad for his bravery and faithfulness to duty (Deut. 33:20–21). With
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