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Fuller
Bleach • Bleacher • Launderer
Dictionaries
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Fuller
Fuller. One who cleans, shrinks, and thickens, or dyes cloth or newly shorn wool.See Trades and Occupations.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Fuller
Fuller [Heb kāḇas (2 K. 18:17; Isa. 7:3; 36:2; Mal. 3:2); Gk. gnapheús (Mk. 9:3)]; NEB also BLEACHER (Mk. 9:3). The fuller was usually the dyer since before the woven cloth could be properly dyed it had to be freed from the oily and gummy substances naturally found on the raw fiber. Many different
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Fuller
FULLER* One who cleans, shrinks, thickens, or dyes cloth or newly shorn wool. It was the fuller’s job to prepare fibers used for weaving by cleansing them of oil and other impurities. The cleansing materials the fuller used were white clay, urine, and ashes of special plants. The fuller’s plant lay outside
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Fuller
fuller, a person whose occupation it is to clean, whiten, bleach, thicken, shrink, or dye cloth. The fuller cared for newly shorn wool or woven garments. The process varied but generally included washing with lye (“fuller’s soap,” Mal. 3:2) and cleansing by pressure, usually the treading of feet (Exod.
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Fuller
FullerAn occupation involving the working of cloth. Heb. kāḇas implies treading on cloth for the purpose of cleaning it, while in the NT Gk. gnapheús suggests the act of carding cloth. The job included the thickening or shrinking of new cloth, as well as the cleaning and dyeing of cloth or garments.
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Fuller
Fuller (Heb. kāḇas; Gk. gnapheús).† A person who treats woolen and linen fabrics to shrink and thicken them. The process involved beating and treading upon the material as well as scouring it with soap and water (Mal. 3:2) or with fuller’s alkali (so JB; NJV “fuller’s lye”), a cleanser made
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Fuller
Fuller. The trade of the fullers, so far as it is mentioned in Scripture, appears to have consisted chiefly in cleansing garments and whitening them. The process of fulling or cleansing clothes consisted in treading or stamping on the garments with the feet or with bats in tubs of water, in which some
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Fuller
FullerThe word “full” is from the Anglo-Saxon fullian, meaning “to whiten.” To full is to press or scour cloth in a mill. This art is one of great antiquity. Mention is made of “fuller’s soap” (Mal. 3:2), and of “the fuller’s field” (2 Kings 18:17). At his transfiguration our Lord’s raiment is said
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Fuller
Fullerfuller, a person whose occupation it is to clean, whiten, bleach, thicken, shrink, or dye cloth. The fuller cared for newly shorn wool or woven garments. The process varied but generally included washing with lye (Mal. 3:2) and cleansing by pressure, usually the treading of feet, as the Hebrew
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
FULLER
FULLER<fool’-er> ([כָּבַס‎, kabhac]; literally, “to trample,” [γναφεύς, gnapheus]): The fuller was usually the dyer, since, before the woven cloth could be properly dyed, it must be freed from the oily and gummy substances naturally found on the raw fiber. Many different substances were in ancient
Compton’s Encyclopedia
bleaching
bleachingThe process of whitening a substance by removing its natural coloring matter is called bleaching. Some bleaching is done in the home, but the main use of bleach is in industry. Fibers, cloth, paper pulp, sugar, and flour are often bleached during manufacture. In the home, bleach added to laundry
The Westminster Bible Dictionary
Fuller
Fullʹer, one who scours, cleanses and thickens cloth. The trade of the fuller, so far as it is mentioned in Scripture, appears to have consisted chiefly in cleansing garments and whitening them. The process of cleansing was accomplished either by stamping on the garments with the feet or by beating them