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Frankincense
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A balsamic gum from plants of the genus Boswellia, which are native to southern Arabia and northern Somaliland. The residue, once exuded, hardens into a natural resin that is considered the finest burning incense in the world (Fauna and Flora of the Bible, 121–22). Its technical name, olibanum, comes from the natural white color (Hebrew lābān, also Arabic lubān) of the resin. The English term derives from the Old French phrase franc encens (“pure incense”).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Frankincense
Frankincense (לְבֹנָה‎, levonah; λίβανος, libanos). A balsamic gum from plants of the genus Boswellia, which are native to southern Arabia and northern Somaliland. The residue, once exuded, hardens into a natural resin that is considered the finest burning incense in the world (Fauna and Flora of the
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Frankincense
FRANKINCENSE [Heb lĕbōnâ (לְבֹנָה)]. Designates the resin of trees of the genus Boswellia of the family Burseraceae. At present 2 species of frankincense trees are recognized in S Arabia and N Somalia: Boswellia sacra Flückiger in eastern S Yemen (Ḥaḍramaut and Mahra-Land), in the Dhofār-Province
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Frankincense
Frankincense. Fragrant gum resin that can be ground into powder and burned to produce a balsam-like odor. It was often associated with myrrh (Sg 3:6; 4:6; Mt 2:11). Frankincense is obtained from balsam trees of the genus Boswellia, specifically the species B. carterii, B. papyrifera, and B. thurifera.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Frankincense
Frankincense [Heb leḇōnâ; Gk. líbanos (Mt. 2:11; Rev. 18:13)]; AV, NEB, also INCENSE. A substance referred to in, e.g., Ex. 30:34; Lev. 2:1f, 15f.; Neh. 13:5, 9; Isa. 66:3. The Hebrew term, from a root meaning “whiteness,” refers to the milky color of the fresh juice. The English term comes from
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Frankincense
FRANKINCENSE Fragrant gum resin that can be ground into powder and burned to produce a balsamlike odor. It was often associated with myrrh (Sg 3:6; 4:6; Mt 2:11). Frankincense is obtained from balsam trees of the genus Boswellia, specifically the species B. carterii, B. papyrifera, and B. thurifera.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Frankincense
frankincense, a fragrant gum resin exuded in large, light yellowish brown tears from boswellia trees (Boswellia carterii, Boswellia papyrifera, Boswellia thurifera). These grow in South Arabia, Ethiopia, Somalia, and India. Frankincense was imported into Judah by camel caravan from Sheba (Isa. 60:6;
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Frankincense
FrankincenseA botanical product derived from a member of the Burseraceae family. Mentioned in both the OT (Heb. lĕḇōnâ) and NT (Gk. lɩ́banos) as a highly desired and esteemed product, its enduring fame rests with the Magi account in Matt. 2:11.Although several species of Boswellia produce an oleo-gum
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Frankincense
Frankincense (Heb. leḇōnâ “white, shining”; Gk. líbanos). Olibanum, an aromatic gum resin secreted as a milky-white substance by various species of trees of the genus Boswellia, family Burseraceae, related to the terebinth and shrubs which yield myrrh and balsam. The gum, which exudes as transparent
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Frankincense
Frankincense, a vegetable resin, brittle, glittering, and of a bitter taste, used for the purpose of sacrificial fumigation. Ex. 30:34–36. It was called frank because of the freeness with which, when burned, it gives forth its odor. It burns for a long time, with a steady flame. It is obtained by successive
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Frankincense
Frankincense(Heb. lebonah; Gr. libanos, i.e., “white”), an odorous resin imported from Arabia (Isa. 60:6; Jer. 6:20), yet also growing in Palestine (Cant. 4:14). It was one of the ingredients in the perfume of the sanctuary (Ex. 30:34), and was used as an accompaniment of the meat-offering (Lev. 2:1,
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Frankincense
Frankincensefrankincense, a fragrant gum resin exuded in large, light yellowish-brown tears from Boswellia trees (Boswellia Carterii, Boswellia Papyrifera, Boswellia Thurifera) which grow in South Arabia, Ethiopia, Somaliland, and India. Frankincense was imported into Judah by camel caravan from Sheba
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
FRANKINCENSE
FRANKINCENSE<frants’-in-sens> ([לְבֹנָה‎, lebhonah], from root meaning “whiteness,” referring to the milky color of the fresh juice: Ex 30:34; Lev 2:1 f,15 f; 5:11; 6:15; 24:7; Nu 5:15; 1 Ch 9:29; Neh 13:5, 9; Song 3:6; 4:6, 14; Isa 43:23; 60:6; 66:3; Jer 6:20; 17:26;
See also
Topics & Themes
Gum
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