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Fourth plague: flies
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Overview of the 10 plagues God sent against Egypt—recounted in the book of Exodus—that are often referred to as signs and wonders, and occurred just prior to the exit of the Hebrews from Egypt.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Egypt, Plagues of
Egypt, Plagues of Overview of the 10 plagues God sent against Egypt—recounted in the book of Exodus—that are often referred to as signs and wonders, and occurred just prior to the exit of the Hebrews from Egypt.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Egypt, Plagues in
EGYPT, PLAGUES IN. The series of nine plagues (maggepōt), also called signs (ʾotōt) and wonders (mōpetı̂m), climaxing with the tenth plague, the death of the eldest son (i.e. Passover), which Yahweh brought on Egypt to move the obdurate pharaoh to allow the Israelites to leave Egypt (Exod 7:14–12:32).
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Plagues upon Egypt
Plagues upon Egypt. Unprecedented series of disasters striking Egypt, probably culminating in the spring or early summer (c. 1400 bc). They struck particularly the Nile delta, although apparently not affecting the area called Goshen. These disasters were of such magnitude that the Egyptians from their
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Plagues Upon Egypt
PLAGUES UPON EGYPT Unprecedented series of disasters striking Egypt, probably culminating in spring or early summer (c. 1400 bc). They struck particularly the Nile Delta, although apparently not affecting the area called Goshen. These disasters were of such magnitude that the Egyptians from their earliest
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Plagues of Egypt
PLAGUES OF EGYPT. In commissioning Moses to lead Israel out of Egypt, God had warned him that this would come about only through God’s supreme power overcoming all the might of Pharaoh, whereby Egypt would be smitten with wonders or signs from God (cf. Ex. 3:19–20). After the sign of the rod that became
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Plagues of Egypt
Plagues of Egypt. †Miraculous judgments that God performed against Egypt in order to effect the release of the enslaved Israelites (Exod. 7:8–11:10; cf. 3:20). The term “plagues” for this series of miracles originated with the use of various Hebrew terms translated “Plague”: nāg̱ap̱ (8:2 [MT 7:27];
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Plagues of Egypt
PLAGUES OF EGYPT The ten plagues inflicted on the Egyptians to impel the stubborn Pharaoh to permit the Israelites to leave Egypt (Exod 7:14–12:32).The purpose of the plagues in Egypt was to break the chains of bondage that enslaved Israel and to demonstrate the Lord’s power over the “gods of Egypt” (Exod
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Plagues the ten
Plagues, The ten. The occasion on which the plagues were sent is described in Ex. 3–12.1. The plague of blood.—When Moses and Aaron came before Pharaoh, a miracle was required of them. Then Aaron’s rod became “a serpent” (Authorized Version), or rather “a crocodile.” Its being changed into an animal
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Plagues of Egypt
PLAGUES OF E´GYPT. The term usually employed in speaking of the divine visitations of wrath with which Jehovah punished the Egyptians because they would not allow the Israelites to leave.
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Plagues of Egypt
PLAGUES OF EGYPT — the series of ten afflictions used by God to break the will of Pharaoh and to bring about the release of the Hebrew people from slavery in Egypt.After the Hebrews had been in Egypt for about 400 years, “there arose a new king over Egypt, who did not know Joseph” (Ex. 1:8). This new
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
PLAGUES OF EGYPT
PLAGUES OF EGYPT<plagz> ([נִפְלְאֹת, niphle’oth], “wonders “from [פָּלָא, pala’], “to be separate,” i.e. in a class by themselves; also called [נֶגֶת, negheph], “plague,” from [נָגַת, naghaph], “to smite” (Exodus 9:14), and [נֶגַע, neghà], “a stroke,” from [נָגַע, naghà], “to touch” (Exodus
Key passages
Ex 8:20–24

And Yahweh said to Moses, “Start early in the morning and stand before Pharaoh. Look, he is going out to the water, and you must say to him, ‘Thus says Yahweh, “Release my people so that they may serve me.” But if you are not about to release my people, look, I am about to send …

See also
Ps 78:45; Ps 105:31;
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Setting
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