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Form Criticism
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Form Criticism
Form Criticism A method of biblical criticism that seeks to classify units of biblical text according to genre and analyze the pre-literary stages of the text.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Form Criticism
FORM CRITICISM. This entry discusses an important method of biblical study that arose early in the 20th century and that has continued to have a major impact on biblical criticism. The entry consists of 2 articles, one covering how this method has been employed in OT studies, and the other covering how
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Form Criticism
Form Criticism. Study of biblical tradition which may be presumed to have existed originally in oral form.
Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels
Form Criticism
Form criticismThis method of analysis focuses on the individual, self-contained units of material into which the Gospels may be subdivided. It identifies the different “forms” or subgenres of literature which appear, and it attempts to describe the ways in which these forms developed during the period
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Form Criticism
Form Criticism (Ger. Formgeschichte). As applied esp. to the Bible, the attempt to discover the origin and trace the history of particular passages by analysis of their structural forms. It entails three distinct processes: (1) the analysis of the material into the separate units, the form of each
The Thiselton Companion to Christian Theology
Form Criticism
Form CriticismThe key to understanding form criticism is to see the relation between a given biblical “form” and its setting in life (Sitz im Leben). It fundamentally concerns a period of oral tradition before this tradition finally found written form. In OT studies H. Gunkel and S. Mowinckel applied
Dictionary of Theological Terms
Form Criticism
Form CriticismA method of criticizing ancient literature which, when applied to the Bible, claims to uncover the oral traditions behind the literary sources of the Bible. With regard to the OT, form criticism denies the possibility of establishing any credible history of ancient times from the Scripture
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 2, D–G
Form Criticism
form criticism. The analytical study of the “forms” assumed by various categories of tradition, especially in its oral, preliterary phase. The German word Formgeschichte (“form history”) suggests, as the English term does not, a study of the history of the tradition as revealed by the development of
Dictionary of the Old Testament: Pentateuch
Form Criticism
FORM CRITICISMForm criticism is an approach to the study of biblical literature that seeks to identify the various genres of that literature and their function in ancient religious life. By isolating and analyzing the particular forms found in biblical literature, form criticism seeks to discover their
Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels, Second Edition
Form Criticism
FORM CRITICISMAnticipated by the early twentieth-century biblical critic Hermann Gunkel (1862–1932) and developed by his students (Karl L. Schmidt [1891–1956], Martin Dibelius [1883–1947] and Rudolf Bultmann [1884–1976]), form criticism is a methodology that has exerted considerable influence on Gospel
Dictionary of the Old Testament: Prophets
Form Criticism
FORM CRITICISMForm criticism is a method used to analyze biblical literature with respect to categories of genre and social background, examining both broad categories of kinds of prophecies or stories, as well as their particular instantiation. It is possible to identify two major streams or waves
Dictionary of the Old Testament: Wisdom, Poetry & Writings
Form Criticism
FORM CRITICISMForm criticism is a foundational exegetical method in the modern critical interpretation of biblical texts. It analyzes the formal features of a text, including its unique syntactical and semantic form or literary structure and its typical linguistic genres that give shape to the text