Freeing a person from guilt and its consequences.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
FORGIVENESS. Forgiveness is the wiping out of an offense from memory; it can be effected only by the one affronted. Once eradicated, the offense no longer conditions the relationship between the offender and the one affronted, and harmony is restored between the two. The Bible stresses both human forgiveness
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Forgiveness. Ceasing to feel resentment for wrongs and offenses; pardon, involving restoration of broken relationships. Primarily, forgiveness is an act of God, releasing sinners from judgment and freeing them from the divine penalty of their sin. Since only God is holy, only God can forgive sin (Mk
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Forgiveness [Heb. kāp̱ar—‘cover,’ nāśāʾ—‘take away,’ ‘forgive’ (Gen. 18:24, 26; Isa. 2:9), sālaḥ—‘forgive,’ selîḥâ—‘forgiveness’, sallāḥ—‘pardon,’ ‘forgiveness,’ kāsâ—‘cover,’ ‘conceal,’ māḥâ—‘wipe out’]; AV also COVER (Ps. 85:2 [MT 3]; cf. 32:1); NEB also PUT AWAY; [Gk. aphíēmi
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
FORGIVENESS Pardon, involving restoration of broken relationships; ceasing to feel resentment for wrongs and offenses. Primarily, forgiveness is an act of God, releasing sinners from judgment and freeing them from the divine penalty of their sin. Since only God is holy, only God can forgive sin (Mk 2:7;
Remission of Sins
REMISSION OF SINS* kjv phrase synonymous with “forgiveness of sins.” The NT uses a variety of terms to describe a single truth. With the concept of forgiveness of sins, there are a number of expressions employed (“passing over,” Rom 3:25; “covered,” Rom 4:7; “not imputed,” Rom 4:8; “remembered no more,”
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
forgiveness. The Bible develops the motif of forgiveness through a variety of terms and images: sins or debts or transgressions may be sent away, wiped clean, covered, removed, released, or passed over. In Genesis, God agrees with Abraham’s request to forgive the entire city of Sodom if ten righteous
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
FORGIVENESS. The doctrine of forgiveness, prominent in both the OT and NT, refers to the state or the act of pardon, remission of sin, or restoration of a friendly relationship. Central to the OT doctrine is the concept of covering of sin from the sight of God represented by the Heb. word kāpar (Ps
Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels
Forgiveness of Sins
Forgiveness of sinsThe Greek verb aphiēmi (“forgive”), together with its cognate noun aphesis, is the most frequently used term for forgiveness in the Gospels. The verb has a wide range of meanings, including those of letting people go or dismissing them (e.g., Mk 4:36), divorcing a wife (1 Cor 7:11–13),
Dictionary of Paul and His Letters
ForgivenessPaul makes little use of words for forgiveness compared to his frequent use of other terms that bring out what Christ has done for believers’ salvation. He seems to have preferred positive imagery like justification or redemption. Whatever his reason, he does not employ the terminology of
Dictionary of the Later New Testament & Its Developments
ForgivenessFor the most part “forgiveness” in the NT and the apostolic fathers is a translation of the Greek word aphesis, the basic idea of which is “release.” Although emphasis is given to the release or remission of sin and punishment—thus, forgiveness—this is not always the case. In Hebrews 9:22
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
FORGIVENESS. One of the most widely misunderstood doctrines of Scripture. It is not to be confused with human forgiveness that merely remits a penalty or charge. Divine forgiveness is one of the most complicated and costly undertakings, demanding complete satisfaction to meet the demands of God’s outraged
Encyclopedia of the Reformed Faith
ForgivenessThe doctrine of forgiveness (or justification) affirms that in Christ sinful people are accounted righteous before God, spared divine condemnation, and made fellow heirs with Christ of eternal life in his heavenly kingdom.Reformed theology presupposes the ubiquity of sin in human life, good
Key passages
2 Ch 7:14

then if my people who are called by my name will humble themselves and will pray and will seek my face and will turn from their evil ways, then I myself shall hear from the heavens and will forgive their sins and heal their land.

Ps 103:1–12

Bless Yahweh, O my soul, and all within me, bless his holy name. Bless Yahweh, O my soul, and do not forget all his benefits: who forgives all your iniquity, who heals all your diseases, who redeems your life from the pit, who crowns you with loyal love and mercies, who satisfies …

Mk 2:5–7

And when Jesus saw their faith, he said to the paralytic, “Child, your sins are forgiven.” Now some of the scribes were sitting there and reasoning in their hearts, “Why does this man speak like this? He is blaspheming! Who is able to forgive sins except God alone?”

Col 2:13–15

And although you were dead in the trespasses and the uncircumcision of your flesh, he made you alive together with him, having forgiven us all our trespasses, having destroyed the certificate of indebtedness in ordinances against us, which was hostile to us, and removed it out of the way by …

Col 3:13

putting up with one another and forgiving one another. If anyone should have a complaint against anyone, just as also the Lord forgave you, thus also you do the same.

1 Jn 1:8–10

If we say that we do not have sin, we deceive ourselves and the truth is not in us. If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just, so that he will forgive us our sins and will cleanse us from all unrighteousness. If we say that we have not sinned, we make him a liar, and his word is not in …

See also
Ge 33:1–17; Ge 45:1–28; Ge 50:15–21; Ex 10:1–20; Ex 32:1–35; Ex 34:1–9; Le 4:1–35; Le 5:14–6:7; Le 19:19–37; Nu 14:11–25; Nu 30:1–16; Dt 30:1–10; Jdg 19:1–21; 1 Sa 25:23–26:25; 2 Sa 12:1–15; 2 Sa 14:25–33; 2 Sa 18:1–18; 2 Sa 19:24–30; 1 Ki 1:28–53; 1 Ki 8:22–53; 2 Ch 6:12–42; 2 Ch 7:12–22; Ne 9:1–21; Ps 19:1–14; Ps 25:1–22; Ps 32:1–11; Ps 39:1–13; Ps 51:1–19; Ps 65:1–13; Ps 79:1–13; Ps 85:1–13; Ps 99:1–9; Ps 103:1–22; Ps 106:1–48; Ps 130:1–8; Pr 19:11; Pr 25:21–22; Is 1:2–20; Is 6:1–13; Is 33:17–24; Is 38:1–22; Is 40:1–31; Is 43:22–28; Is 44:21–23; Is 55:1–13; Is 63:15–64:12; Je 31:31–40; Je 33:1–18; Je 36:1–10; Je 50:1–20; Eze 18:19–32; Eze 33:12–20; Da 9:1–19; Mic 7:14–20; Zec 3:1–10; Zec 13:1–6; Mt 5:21–26; Mt 5:38–42; Mt 6:5–15; Mt 9:1–8; Mt 12:31–37; Mt 18:21–35; Mt 26:26–29; Mk 1:1–8; Mk 2:1–12; Mk 3:22–30; Mk 4:1–20; Mk 11:25–26; Lk 1:67–80; Lk 3:1–20; Lk 5:16–26; Lk 6:27–38; Lk 7:40–50; Lk 11:1–4; Lk 12:1–12; Lk 15:11–32; Lk 17:1–10; Lk 23:26–49; Lk 24:44–48; Jn 1:29–34; Jn 7:53–8:11; Jn 20:19–25; Ac 2:14–39; Ac 3:11–26; Ac 5:22–32; Ac 7:54–60; Ac 8:14–25; Ac 10:34–43; Ac 13:13–41; Ac 26:12–18; Ro 4:5–8; Ro 12:9–21; 2 Co 2:3–11; 2 Co 12:11–13; Eph 1:3–14; Eph 4:25–32; Col 1:9–18; Col 2:11–23; Col 3:12–17; 2 Ti 4:9–16; Heb 9:16–22; Heb 10:11–18; Jas 5:13–20; 1 Pe 3:8–12; 1 Jn 1:5–2:2; 1 Jn 2:12–14;
See also
Topics & Themes