The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Forge [Heb. pāʾal] (Isa. 44:12); AV WORK; NEB SHAPE; FORGER [part of lāṭaš] (Gen. 4:22); AV INSTRUCTOR; NEB MASTER. In Gen. 4:22 lōṭēš, “hammerer,” describes Tubal-cain, “the forger of all instruments of bronze.” The antiquity of this tradition has been demonstrated by Russian excavations at
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
FORGE; FORGER<forj>, <for’-jer> ([טָפַל‎, Taphal]): “Forgers of lies” occurs in Job’s reply to his comforters (13:4; compare 14:17); the word is the translation of Taphal, “to patch,” “lay on,” “besmear,” hence, to impute, overcharge, etc.; in Ps 119:69, “forged” occurs with a similar
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 2, D–G
forge. The KJV uses this term twice to render Hebrew ṭāpal H3260, which really means “to smear,” figuratively, “to besmear” (Job 13:4; Ps. 119:69). No Hebrew or Greek term in the Bible has the precise meaning “to forge,” though occasionally modern versions use this English verb in appropriate contexts
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
Forge, Forger
FORGE, fōr’j FORGER, fōr’jẽr (טָפַל‎, ṭāphal): “Forgers of lies” occurs in Job’s reply to his comforters (13:4; cf 14:17); the word is the tr of ṭāphal, “to patch,” “lay on,” “besmear,” hence to impute, overcharge, etc; in Ps 119:69, “forged” occurs with a similar meaning: “The proud have forged
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
FORGERIES. An archaeological forgery is the manufacture and representation of a supposedly ancient artifact as though the artifact is genuine. Forgeries surface in many forms, such as inscriptions, papyrus, bullae, and as ivories. A forged artifact may be sold on the antiquities market or displayed in
See also
Topics & Themes