Flog • Whipping
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Flogging. Beating a person with a whip or other instrument, sometimes used as a legislated punishment.See Criminal Law and Punishment.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Flog [hiphil of Heb. nāḵâ-‘strike, smite’] (Prov. 17:26); AV STRIKE; NEB INFLICT BLOWS; [Heb. mahalumôṯ—‘strokes’] Prov. 18:6; 19:29); AV STROKES, STRIPES; NEB BLOWS; [Gk. mastigóō (Mt. 10:17); AV SCOURGE.In Prov. 17:26 Heb. nāḵâ may be rendered “flog” (cf. Dt. 25:2); like imposing a fine,
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
FLOGGING Beating a person with a whip or other instrument, sometimes used as a legislated punishment. See Criminal Law and Punishment.
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
FLOGGING Punishment by repeated lashes or blows of a whip or rod(s). The OT recognized flogging as a form of punishment (Deut. 25:1–3) though limiting it to 40 blows so that the neighbor who was punished would not be degraded. Children were disciplined with rods (Prov. 23:13–14). Floggings were sometimes
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 2, D–G
flog. To beat with a whip or rod. The term can be used to render several Hebrew and Greek words, such as nākâ H5782 (hifil, “to strike”; e.g., Deut. 25:2; Prov. 17:26) and mastigoō (e.g., Matt. 10:17; Jn. 19:1). See also crimes and punishments III.C.; scourge.
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
FLOG [נָכָהnakhah; δέρω derō, μαστιγόω mastigoō]. A method of punishment in which a person is beaten with a lash or flexible rod across the back. It was intended to be non-lethal. Deuteronomy 25:1–3 places a limit of no more than forty lashes in legal cases where flogging is used. This limitation
Key passages
Pr 17:26

Also, imposing a fine on the righteous is not good, nor to flog nobles for uprightness.

Pr 18:6

The lips of a fool will bring strife, and his mouth calls out for a flogging.

Pr 19:29

Judgments are prepared for the scoffers, and flogging for the back of fools.

Is 10:26

And Yahweh of hosts is going to swing a whip against him, as when Midian was defeated at the rock of Oreb; and his staff will be over the sea, and he will lift him up as he did in Egypt.

Mt 10:17

But beware of people, because they will hand you over to councils, and they will flog you in their synagogues.

See also