Flesh and Blood • Flesh and Spirit
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Flesh [Heb. bāśār, šeʾēr (Ps. 73:26; 78:27; Mic. 3:2f), ṭerep̱â (Nah. 2:12 [MT 13]), leḥûm (Zeph. 1:17); Aram beśar (Dnl. 2:11; 4:12; 7:5); Gk. sárx, sarkikós (1 Pet. 2:11), katatomé̄—‘mutilation’ (Phil. 3:2)]; AV also NAKEDNESS (Ex. 28:42), SKIN (Ps. 102:5 [MT 6]), NAVEL (Prov. 3:8),
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
FLESH The body; the physical being of humans; the human person and human existence; the carnal nature of humans.In the Old Testament Term commonly used to designate the material stuff of the body, whether of people (Gn 40:19) or of animals (Lv 6:27). However, “flesh” is used in the OT with a variety
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
flesh, the soft material of the body (Job 10:11). More narrowly, it can refer to the penis (Exod. 28:42), foreskin (Gen. 17:9–14), and hence sexual union (Gen. 2:24) and generation (John 1:13). More broadly, it refers to a human person as represented by a physical body (John 1:14), to one’s relatives
Flesh and Spirit
flesh and spirit, complementary and contrastive terms whose meaning must be derived from the context in which they are used. In Hebrew thought (which generally informs both the Hebrew Bible and the nt, even though the latter was written in Greek), flesh and spirit were understood holistically, as different
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
FLESH. The Gr. NT term is sarx which has specific meanings of its own but also translates the Heb. term bāsār, The word occurs 143 times in the Gr. NT. the main biblical meanings of flesh may be classified as follows:1. The soft substance of the animal organism which may be stripped off from the bones
Flesh and Blood
FLESH AND BLOOD. A term used several times in the NT (Mt 16:17; 1 Cor 15:50; Gal 1:16; Eph 6:12; Heb 2:14; cf. Jn 1:13) to express the idea of man, human beings, men. It is neutral in connotation, and while it does not imply any moral condition, it portrays man as he is, with his own resources, in contrast
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
FleshIn the OT, primarily the muscular part of the body (Gen. 2:23). “Flesh” (Heb. bākār) is used with reference to both humans and animals (Gen. 6:17), and to both the living and the dead (1 Sam. 17:44). The flesh of animals may be used for sacrifice and for food (1 Sam. 2:13).In the NT flesh (Gk.
Dictionary of Paul and His Letters
FleshInterpreters have long recognized a complexity in Paul’s usage of the Greek word sarx, frequently translated “flesh” in English, and modern linguistics has shed more light on the nature of that complexity. Nevertheless, interpreters of Paul are still prone to speak of “Paul’s view of the flesh.”
Catholic Bible Dictionary
FLESH Specifically, the muscular or soft portions of the human body (Gen 2:23; Exod 4:7). More generally, the entire body (Exod 30:32; 1 Kgs 21:27). Thus the union of man and woman forms them into “one flesh” (Gen 2:24). Most broadly, the expression “all flesh” means all living beings (cf. Gen 6:17,
Dictionary of the Later New Testament & Its Developments
FleshIn the NT the corporeal aspect of human earthly existence is sometimes called sarx (flesh). In Acts, the General Writings and Revelation, sarx and two derived adjectives, sarkinos and sarkikos, occur thirty-four times. As with the Hebrew bāśār, sarx is used figuratively as well as to refer to
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
FLESH. This word has various meanings, as follows: (1) In a general sense of the whole animal creation, man or beast (Gen. 6:13, 17, 19; 7:15–16, 21; 8:17; Matt. 24:22, marg.; 1 Pet. 1:24). (2) Of the flesh of the living body, both of men and beasts (Gen. 41:2, 19, marg.; Job 33:21; 1 Cor. 15:39); and
Key passages
Ge 2:23–24

And the man said, “She is now bone from my bones and flesh from my flesh; she shall be called ‘Woman,’ for she was taken from man.” Therefore a man shall leave his father and his mother and shall cling to his wife, and they shall be as one flesh.

Is 31:3

And the Egyptians are human and not God, and their horses are flesh and not spirit. And Yahweh stretches out his hand, and the helper will stumble, and the one being helped will fall, and together all of them will come to an end.

Jn 1:13–14

who were born not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of a husband, but of God. And the Word became flesh and took up residence among us, and we saw his glory, glory as of the one and only from the Father, full of grace and truth.

Ro 8:3–9

For what was impossible for the law, in that it was weak through the flesh, God did. By sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh and concerning sin, he condemned sin in the flesh, in order that the requirement of the law would be fulfilled in us, who do not live according to the flesh …

Ga 5:16–24

But I say, live by the Spirit, and you will never carry out the desire of the flesh. For the flesh desires against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh, for these are in opposition to one another, so that whatever you want, you may not …

See also