Flavius Josephus
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Jewish priest, statesman, and author. Born Joseph son of Matthias in ad 37, he acquired the Latin name Titus Flavius Josephus when the emperor Vespasian granted him Roman citizenship in ad 71. Josephus published his last known work sometime during the mid-90s ad; he probably died around the turn of the century. Josephus’ writings provide much of our knowledge of early Judaism and Christianity. He was an eyewitness to events of the first century, and briefly mentions Jesus, John the Baptist, and James, Jesus’ brother (Antiquities 18.63, 18.116, 20.200). His history of the Jewish people includes the first comprehensive interpretation of the Bible by any individual. Though opinionated and partisan, Josephus depicts the diversity of Jewish belief and practice in his day.
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Flavius Josephus
Josephus, Flavius (יוסף‎, ywsp, Ἰώσηπος, Iōsēpos). Jewish priest, statesman, and author. Born Joseph son of Matthias in ad 37, he acquired the Latin name Titus Flavius Josephus when the emperor Vespasian granted him Roman citizenship in ad 71. Josephus published his last known work sometime during the
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Josephus (Person)
JOSEPHUS (PERSON). A 1st-century Jewish politician, soldier, and historian, whose writings constitute important sources for our understanding of biblical history and of the political history of Roman Palestine in the 1st century c.e.Josephus was born in 37 c.e. and was given the Hebrew name Joseph ben
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Josephus, Flavius
Josephus, Flavius jō-sēʹfes, flāʹveēs. Jewish historian and general in the war of the Jews against the Romans in a.d. 66–70. Josephus was born the son of a distinguished priestly family sometime between Sept. 13, a.d. 37, and March 16, 38, and died probably ca a.d. 100 in Rome. His writings give
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Josephus, Flavius
JOSEPHUS*, FLAVIUS Jewish military officer and historian (ad 37–c. 100).Josephus was born into an aristocratic priestly family in Jerusalem. Through his mother he was related to the Hasmoneans. In his youth he was noted for his memory and ease in learning. As a teenager he attached himself to a member
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Josephus (joh-see´fuhs), Flavius Josephus or Joseph ben Matthias, the single most important Jewish historian in the early Roman period. He was born of a priestly family in the first year of the emperor Gaius (37–38 ce) and also claimed descent from the Hasmoneans. In his twenty-sixth year (63–64 ce)
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Josephus, Flavius
JOSEPHUS, FLAVIUS. The life of Josephus (c. a.d. 37–103) is a study in contrasts. Son of a priest and reared in traditional Judaism, Josephus, or Joseph ben Matthias (his Heb. name), could boast of royal blood through his Hasmonean mother. He was so dissatisfied with the three prevailing sects of Judaism
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Josephus, Flavius
JOSEPHUS, FLAVIUS. A Jewish historian, who was born ad 37/38, and died early in the 2nd century. He was the son of a priest named Matthias, of the order of Jehoiarib (1 Ch. 24:7), and claimed kinship with the Hasmonaeans, who belonged to that order. After a brief period of association with the Essenes,
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
JosephusFlavius Josephus, born Yoseph bar Mattatyahu in 37 c.e., when Gaius Caligula became emperor of Rome. The year of his death is uncertain. He is significant for the Bible reader because his four surviving works, in 30 volumes, provide our main avenue for information about the environment in which
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Josephus, Flavius
Josephus, Flavius [flāˊvĭ əs jō sēˊfəs]. A Jewish general and historian who was born A.D. 37–38 to an aristocratic family of priests in Jerusalem and who died after 100 in Rome. His Hebrew name was Joseph ben Mattathias.Josephus became a Pharisee after examining at first hand the different varieties
Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels
JosephusThe first-century Jewish writer Josephus is significant for a study of Jesus for two reasons: (1) He provides the major (virtually the only) contemporary Jewish account of the history and conditions of the periods leading up to and including the New Testament era, and (2) if in one form or another
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Josephus, Flavius
JOSEPHUS, FLAVIUS Jewish historian, politician, and soldier of the first century a.d. His writings are of great value as a primary source for events that took place in Palestine during the first centuries b.c. and a.d. Born the son of one Mattathias in a.d. 37, he came from a priestly family and was
Dictionary of New Testament Background
Josephus: Tendencies
JOSEPHUS: INTERPRETIVE METHODS AND TENDENCIESThere are three major reasons why Josephus (a.d. 37–c. 100) is important for students of the background of the NT. First, he presents by far the most comprehensive and systematic history of the Jewish people from their beginnings to his own day and is especially
Josephus: Value for New Testament Study
JOSEPHUS: VALUE FOR NEW TESTAMENT STUDYThe writings of Flavius Josephus (a.d. 37–c. 100) constitute by far the most important body of literature for the background of Christianity. It is Josephus who tells us almost everything we know about the non-Christian figures, groups, institutions, customs, geographical