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Five Stones of David
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
David, King of Israel
David, King of Israel (דָּוִיד‎, dawid). Second king of Israel, after Saul. Reigned ca. 1010–970 bc. Brought Israel to a position of power. In some ways, became the ideal for his people’s future messianic leader.
David, King of Israel, Critical Issues
David, King of Israel, Critical Issues Overviews the significant scholarly discussions concerning the biblical narratives of David and the critiques of their historicity.
Goliath
Goliath (גָּלְיַת‎, golyath). A Philistine warrior from Gath (1 Sam 17:4) whom David defeated in single combat, propelling David to fame among the Israelites (1 Sam 17).
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
David (Person)
DAVID (PERSON) [Heb dāwı̂d (דָּוִיד)]. Israel’s second and greatest king, David rose to power from humble circumstances and amid many difficulties; he captured Jerusalem, established it as his capital, unified the nation, and built an empire that stretched from Egypt to Mesopotamia during a 40-year
Goliath (Person)
GOLIATH (PERSON) [Heb golyat (גָּלְיַת)]. The Philistine champion slain in single combat with David (1 Samuel 17. In one of the most familiar passages from the Hebrew Bible, the Philistines and the Israelites were encamped facing each other across the Elah valley during Saul’s reign (vv 1–3). Each day
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
David
David. Israel’s most important king. David’s kingdom represented the epitome of Israel’s power and influence during the nation’s OT history.The two books in the OT devoted to David’s reign are 2 Samuel and 1 Chronicles. His earlier years are recorded in 1 Samuel, beginning at chapter 16. Almost half
Goliath
Goliath. Eleventh-century bc. Philistine warrior from Gath, who challenged Israel to battle (1 Sm 17). He was subsequently felled and decapitated by the youthful David. Goliath was over 9 feet tall (v 4), wore armor weighing about 125 pounds, and carried a spear of 15 pounds weight. His sword, kept at
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
David
David dāʹvid [Heb. dāwīḏ; Gk. Dauid, Daueid, Dad, NT Dabid]. The second and greatest king of Israel, whose dynasty ruled in Judah for over four hundred years. I. Background and YouthA. NameB. GenealogyC. His YouthD. His AnointingE. Meets SaulF. Defeats GoliathG. At Saul’s CourtH. Flees
Goliath
1. The giant of Gath, and champion of the Philistine army (1 S. 17:4–23; 21:9; 22:10; 2 S. 21:19; 1 Ch. 20:5ff.). He defied the armies of Israel, challenging anyone to meet him in single combat while the two armies faced each other at Ephesdammim. He was slain by the youthful David.It is probable that
Goliath
2. The reference in 2 S. 21:19 to a Goliath slain by Elhanan seems to be the result of a transcriptional error in the text. When read in the light of 1 Ch. 20:5 it becomes clear that it was the brother of Goliath, not Goliath himself, who was killed by Elhanan.See also Elhanan 1.R. K. Harrison
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
David
DAVID Israel’s most important king. David’s kingdom represented the epitome of Israel’s power and influence during the nation’s OT history.The two books in the OT devoted to David’s reign are 2 Samuel and 1 Chronicles. His earlier years are recorded in 1 Samuel, beginning at chapter 16. Almost half
Goliath
GOLIATH Eleventh-century bc Philistine warrior from Gath, who challenged Israel to battle (1 Sm 17). He was subsequently felled and decapitated by the youthful David. Goliath was over nine feet (2.7 meters) tall, wore armor weighing about 125 pounds (56.8 kilograms), and carried a spear of 15 pounds
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
David
Davidthe most powerful king of biblical Israel, David (day´vid) ruled from ca. 1010 to 970 bce. The story of David is recorded in 1 Sam. 16:1–1 Kings 2:12.Path to Kingship: David belonged to the tribe of Judah and was born in Bethlehem as the youngest son of Jesse. He started his career at King Saul’s
Goliath
Goliath (guh-li´uhth), a Philistine champion from Gath. According to 1 Sam. 17, he was killed by David in single combat in the Valley of Elah. In that narrative, the might of the seasoned Philistine warrior is contrasted with the vulnerability of the Israelite shepherd boy, who fells his heavily armed
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
David
DAVIDThe second king of Israel, founder of the united monarchy (1000–962 b.c.).SourcesThe main source for the life and times of David is the material found in the books of I and II Samuel and 1 Kgs 1–2. These accounts, especially 2 Sam 9–20 (the court history of David), are a realistic presentation
Goliath
GOLIATH. Goliath was either a descendant of the Rephaim (q.v.), a tall aboriginal people living in the Transjordan area of Ammon, of whom a scattered remnant took refuge with the Philistines after their dispersion by the Ammonites (Deut 2:20–21), or of the Anakim (q.v.; cf. Num 13:33; Josh 11:22), noted
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
David
DAVID (Heb. dāwiḏ, sometimes dāwîḏ; root and meaning doubtful, but see BDB in loc.; the equation with a supposed Old Bab. (Mari) dawîdum, ‘chief’, is now discounted (JNES 17, 1958, p. 130; VT Supp 7, 1960, pp. 165ff.); cf. Laesoe, Shemsharah Tablets, p. 56). The youngest son of Jesse, of the tribe
Goliath
GOLIATH. A *giant of Gath serving in the Philistine army (1 Sa. 17:4), Goliath may have descended from that remnant of the Rephaim which, after having been scattered by the Ammonites (Dt. 2:20–21; 2 Sa. 21:22), took refuge with the Philistines. For discussion of his origin, see G. A. Wainwright, ‘Early
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Goliath
Goliath (Heb. golyaṯ)The Philistine champion who challenged the Israelites to send out a warrior to fight with him (1 Sam. 17). This is an example of representational combat, where two heroes fight for their respective armies and the winner secures victory for his side, thus avoiding heavy casualties
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Goliath
Goliath. [gə līˊəth] (Heb. golyāṯ).† The Philistine giant slain by David in single combat at the valley of Elah (1 Sam. 17). Goliath may have been from among foreign mercenaries hired by the Philistines and quartered at Gath (2 Sam. 21:22; 1 Chr. 20:8).Physically imposing and heavily armed and
Catholic Bible Dictionary
David
DAVID The second and greatest king of Israel, whose forty-year reign and whose covenant with God made him the supreme model of kingship for all of his successors. In salvation history, David is both God’s chosen king and a type of the future Messiah.I. Early LifeA. The Genealogy of DavidB. David Is
Goliath
GOLIATH (Hebrew golyāt) The famous Philistine giant of Gath who was killed in combat by David (1 Sam 17). The account of the combat is one of the most famous in all of Scripture. Goliath challenged the Israelite army at Elah each day for forty days until the challenge was met by David, a youth armed
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
David
David (d. prob. c. 970 bc), first king of the Judaean dynasty. His reign is recounted in 1 Sam. 16–1 Kgs. 2 and in the idealized description in 1 Chron. 2 f. and 10–29.David, the youngest son of Jesse, a Judaean of *Bethlehem, first appears when at God’s command he is anointed by Samuel to the future
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