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Firmament
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The dome of the sky that separates the heavens from the earth (Gen 1:6–8). The view that the sky was a solid dome separating the primeval waters was common in the ancient Near Eastern cosmology shared by the biblical writers. For more information, see these articles: Cosmology; Creation Myths; Creation; Sea of Glass; Tent.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Firmament
Firmament (רָקִ֖יעַ‎, raqia'). The dome of the sky that separates the heavens from the earth (Gen 1:6–8). The view that the sky was a solid dome separating the primeval waters was common in the ancient Near Eastern cosmology shared by the biblical writers. For more information, see these articles: Cosmology;
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Firmament
Firmament [Heb. rāqî (a)ʿ] (NEB VAULT, VAULT OF HEAVEN). The expanse of the atmosphere or sky. This term is derived from firmamentum, the Vulg. rendering of the LXX steréōma. Although in classical Greek the latter denoted something solid, or a firm structure such as a foundation, its LXX usage was
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Firmament
FIRMAMENT* Bible word for the atmosphere about the earth. The original meaning of this word refers to space that is stretched out or expanded. The Hebrews probably considered the “firmament” as voidlike sky where the clouds, sun, and moon were.During the second day of Creation, God created the atmosphere,
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Firmament
FIRMAMENT. The English term, derived from firmamentum in the Vulg., inadequately expresses the Heb. rāqɩ̂a‘, which means “expanse” and describes the great vault or spread out expanse of sky surrounding the earth.The firmament or atmosphere was created on the second day to separate the “waters from
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Firmament
FirmamentA thin sheet, similar to a piece of beaten metal, that stretched from horizon to horizon to form the vault of the sky. In Hebrew cosmology, the universe consisted of three parts: the waters above, the earth below, and the waters beneath the earth (cf. Exod. 20:4). Job 37:18 describes God as
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Firmament
Firmament (Heb. rāqiâ˓; Vulg. Lat. firmamentum, from LXX Gk. steréōma “foundation”). The expanse of sky or heaven (Gen. 1:8) separating the water below (rivers, seas, subterranean waters) from the waters above (precipitation). In ancient Israelite cosmogony the firmament may have been viewed
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Firmament
FIRMAMENT The word used in most English translations of the Bible to express the Hebrew word rāqîaʿ. The Hebrew term, while meaning something like “a beaten metal plate,” was used to describe the sky, which was imagined poetically as an inverted bowl that divided the waters of the upper abyss and those
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
firmament
firmament (lit. ‘something made solid’). In the OT (Gen. 1:6, etc.), the word commonly refers to the dome or canopy of heaven, which was supposed by the Hebrews to be a solid vault dividing the upper or celestial from the lower or terrestrial waters. It was conceived that the upper waters came down
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Firmament
Firmament. In Scripture the word denotes an expanse, a wide extent; for such is the signification of the Hebrew word. The original, therefore, does not convey the sense of solidity, but of stretching, extension; the great arch or expanse over our heads, in which are placed the atmosphere and the clouds,
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Firmament
FIRMAMENT (Heb. rāqı̂a˓, “expanse,” Gen. 1:6, 14–15, 17, KJV; NASB and NIV render “expanse”). The pure and transparent expanse that envelops the globe. This was made by God on the second day of creation for the purpose of separating the sea from the clouds. As used in the record of creation, firmament
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Firmament
Firmamentfrom the Vulgate firmamentum, which is used as the translation of the Hebrew rakiʾa. This word means simply “expansion.” It denotes the space or expanse like an arch appearing immediately above us. They who rendered rakiʾa by firmamentum regarded it as a solid body. The language of Scripture
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Firmament
Firmamentfirmament, God’s division between cosmic waters on the second day of creation (Gen. 1:6–8), forming the sky. One must here imagine a flat earth and a domed expanse of heavens holding back celestial waters from terrestrial. The Hebrew term raqia‘ suggests a thin sheet of beaten metal (cf. Exod.