Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A term coined by archaeologist James H. Breasted (1865–1935) to describe the crescent-shaped area extending from Canaan in the west, north to Syria, east to Assyria, southeast to Babylonia, and ending at the Persian Gulf.This region, bordered by mountains to the north and desert to the south, was home to the ancient Sumerian, Assyrian, Syrian, Babylonian, Canaanite, and Israelite civilizations.
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Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Fertile CrescentDesignation, coined by orientalist James H. Breasted, for that semicircular strip of land which arches between Palestine and the Persian Gulf. Contained by the Taurus, Amanus, and Lebanon mountain ranges on the west and the Zagros range to the east, this region consists of plains and
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Fertile Crescent. *Designation, coined by orientalist J. H. Breasted, for that semicircular strip of land which arches between Palestine and the Persian Gulf. Contained by the Taurus, Amanus, and Lebanon mountain ranges on the west and the Zagros range to the east, this region consists of plains and
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Fertile CrescentFertile Crescent, a term coined by the modern scholar J. H. Breasted to describe the crescent-shaped area of fertile land extending from the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, commonly known as Mesopotamia, westward over Syria to the Mediterranean and southward through Palestine and the Nile
Fertile CrescentThe Fertile Crescent includes the river valleys of the Nile and of the Tigris and Euphrates.Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.The Fertile Crescent is a region in the Middle East where some of the world’s earliest civilizations began. The region is a roughly crescent-shaped
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
FERTILE CRESCENT Crescent-shaped arc of alluvial land in the Near East stretching from the tip of the Persian Gulf to the southeastern corner of the Mediterranean Sea. The term was coined by James Henry Breasted in 1916 and does not occur in the Bible.Conditions in the Fertile Crescent in antiquity
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 2, D–G
Fertile Crescent. A stretch of land beginning at the Persian Gulf, extending NW through the Tigris and Euphrates River Valley, continuing W to the NE coast of the Mediterranean Sea, turning S through Canaan, and (popularly) including the Nile River Valley. The region described forms an arc or crescent