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Feasts and Festivals of Israel
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Regularly occurring community events that recognized God’s work and presence with His people.Feasts and festivals were a common component of ancient religious practice. They were celebrations of divine provision or protection. Each major Israelite feast recognized a specific aspect of God’s saving work. Since sharing a table signified peace or fellowship, feasts as religious observances demonstrated a peaceful relationship between God and Israel. The most significant texts regarding the feasts of Israel are Lev 23, describing the festivals, Num 28–29, emphasizing the offerings, and Deut 16, emphasizing pilgrimages. In addition to national festivals, Israelites celebrated other occasions such as birthdays, weddings, and agricultural or personal events. These occasions, while more private, were not secular, as each event had a divine blessing.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Feasts and Festivals of Israel
Feasts and Festivals of Israel (חַג‎, chag; מוֹעֵד‎, mo'ed; ἑορτή, heortē). Regularly occurring community events that recognized God’s work and presence with His people.Feasts and festivals were a common component of ancient religious practice. They were celebrations of divine provision or protection.
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Feasts and Festivals of Israel
Feasts and Festivals of Israel. Occasions of public or private rejoicing to commemorate some significant event or personage. The element of celebration has a special meaning in the cycle of religious occasions and the rites and ceremonies associated with these particular days. While the idea of a feast
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Feasts and Festivals of Israel
FEASTS AND FESTIVALS OF ISRAEL Occasions of public or private rejoicing to commemorate some significant event or personage. The element of celebration has a special meaning in the cycle of religious occasions and the rites and ceremonies associated with these particular days. While the idea of a feast
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Festivals
FESTIVALS. Observance of the sacred seasons and Jewish religious festivals constituted a significant aspect of the Heb. religion. These holy days and sacred seasons were decreed by God as His gifts to Israel. God purposed to preserve by them a remembrance of such sacred events as their divine election
Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels
Feasts
FeastsThe Gospels present Jesus’ parents (Lk 2:41) and the adult Jesus (esp. John’s Gospel) as Jews who participate in the Jewish feasts. To a limited degree these observances provide the narrative framework for Gospel stories, and in the case of the Last Supper (see Last Supper) the significance of
Dictionary of New Testament Background
Festivals: Jewish
FESTIVALS AND HOLY DAYS: JEWISHThe festivals of Israel mark a deep involvement with the agricultural rhythm of the land set aside by God for his people. Each festival is at base a week or so of harvest: in the spring, in the summer, in the autumn. Spring brings early grain and is also time to move the
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Festivals
Festivals. I. The religious times ordained in the law fall under three heads:1. Those formally connected with the institution of the Sabbath; 2. The historical or great festivals; 3. The day of atonement.1. Immediately connected with the institution of the Sabbath are—a. The weekly Sabbath itself.
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Festivals
FESTIVALS. Besides the daily worship, the law prescribed special festivals to be observed from time to time by the congregation. One Heb. name for festival was ḥāg (from the verb signifying to “dance”), which, when applied to religious services, indicated that they were occasions of joy and gladness.
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Festivals, Religious
Festivals, ReligiousThere were daily (Lev. 23), weekly, monthly, and yearly festivals, and great stress was laid on the regular observance of them in every particular (Num. 28:1–8; Ex. 29:38–42; Lev. 6:8–23; Ex. 30:7–9; 27:20).(1.) The septenary festivals were,(a) The weekly Sabbath (Lev. 23:1–3;
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Feasts, Festivals, and Fasts
Feasts, Festivals, and Fastsfeasts, festivals, and fasts, activities that, in the Bible, are observed to commemorate or emphasize events in the relationship between God and human beings. In the ot, feasts and festivals were occasions of joy. They were times for thanking God for blessings and granting
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Feasts and Festivals
FEASTS AND FESTIVALS - the holy convocations, the regular assemblies of the people of Israel for worship of the Lord.The feasts and festivals of the nation were scheduled at specific times in the annual calendar and they were both civil and religious in nature. Some feasts and festivals marked the beginning
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
FEASTS, AND FAST
FEASTS, AND FAST<fests> ([מוֹעֵד‎, mòedh], “an appointed day” or “an assembling,” [חַג‎, chagh], from [חָגַג‎, chaghagh], “to dance” or possibly “to make a pilgrimage”; [צוֹם‎, tsom], “fast,” [תַּעֲנִית‎, tàanith], “a day of affliction”):THE NATURE OF THE HEBREW FESTIVALS:The Hebrews had
Key passages
Ex 23:15–16

You will keep the Feast of Unleavened Bread; for seven days you will eat unleavened bread, as I commanded you at the appointed time, the month of Abib, because in it you came out from Egypt, and no one will appear before me empty-handed. And you will keep the Feast of Harvest, with the firstfruits …

Ex 34:22

And you yourself will observe the Feast of Weeks—the firstfruits of the wheat harvest—and the Feast of Harvest Gathering at the turn of the year.

Le 23:2–43

“Speak to the Israelites, and say to them, ‘The festivals of Yahweh that you shall proclaim are holy assemblies; these are my appointed times. “ ‘For six days work is to be done, and on the seventh day shall be a Sabbath of complete rest, a holy assembly; you shall not …

Dt 16:9–16

“You shall count off seven weeks for you; from the time you begin to harvest the standing grain you shall begin to count seven weeks. And then you shall celebrate the Feast of Weeks for Yahweh your God with the measure of the freewill offering of your hand that you shall give just as Yahweh your …