An unpleasant emotion caused by the awareness of danger.
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Fear. Emotional foreboding or dread of impending distress or misfortune. Often spoken of as the source of religion. Yet fear alone can never account for true religion, since men are impelled to draw near unto God, the object of their worship. One does not desire to come close to the being he fears.The
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Fray The AV translation of the hiphil of Heb ḥāraḏ, “make afraid,” in the archaic sense of “scare, frighten away” (Dt. 28:26; Jer. 7:33; Zec. 1:21 [MT 2:4]; cf. RSV “frighten,” “terrify”).
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
FEAR Emotional foreboding or dread of impending distress or misfortune. Often spoken of as the cause of people wanting religion. Yet fear alone can never account for true religion, since men are impelled to draw near unto God, the object of their worship. One does not desire to come close to the being
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
FEAR. A term used both in the OT and NT in several very significant ways. The Scriptures speak of the following kinds of fear:1. A holy fear (Heb. yir’â; Gr. phobos) which amounts to awe or respect for the majesty and holiness of God, a godly reverence (Gen 20:11; Ps 34:11; Acts 9:31; Rom 3:18). David
FRAY. Literally, “to tremble, frighten, trouble,” it is an archaic English word used in Deut 28:26; Jer 7:33; Zech 1:21. It is translated “frighten” in ASV and RSV in the first two references, and as “terrify” in the last.
TERROR. Several Heb. terms and their Gr. synonym, phobos, are used to express the concept of terror, fear, dread, consternation, or fright. The more important OT terms are ḥittı̂t, “terror,” which occurs only in Ezekiel and usually refers to the terror caused by the great heathen nations and kings (Ezk
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
FEAR. The Bible uses numerous words to denote fear. The most common of these (giving the noun forms) are Heb. yir’â, ‘reverence’; Heb. paḥaḏ, dread’, ‘fear’; Gk. phobos, ‘fear’, ‘terror’. Theologically, four main categories can be suggested.
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
FearAnxious dread or terror in the face of danger; also reverence to or awe of God.Fear is a common human emotion in response to danger or the supernatural. Adam and Eve are afraid of God after they eat the forbidden fruit (Gen. 3:8–10), and Jacob is afraid of Esau after he takes Esau’s blessing (32:11).
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Fear (Heb. verbs yārē˒, pāḥaḏ; nouns yir˒â, māg̱ôr, paḥaḏ; Gk. verb phobéō; nouns phóbos, eulábeia).† Various degrees of anxious dread or terror, generally experienced in the face of danger or the suspicion thereof. In the most basic sense, fear arises from threats posed by human
Dictionary of Paul and His Letters
Fear, reverenceFear or reverence refers in Paul to the appropriate level of respect and honor to be shown to another, often in light of fulfilling one’s service to God. It also implies terror at the prospect of failing to fulfill one’s obligation. Paul asserts that believers are to show fear or reverence
Dictionary of the Later New Testament & Its Developments
fearThe language of fear is pronounced in this portion of the NT and is fairly frequent in the apostolic fathers. As in the other portions of the NT (see DPL, Fear, Reverence), fear usually refers to an appropriate level of respect and honor to be shown to another, often in the light of fulfilling one’s
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
FEAR (Heb. yir˒â, “reverence,” and other Heb. words meaning “terror,” Ex. 15:16; etc.; “carefulness,” Josh. 22:24, NASB; “concern,” Prov. 29:25; “fright,” Job 41:33; Gk. phobos, “dread, terror,” Matt. 14:26; etc.). Fear is that affection of the mind that arises with the awareness of approaching danger.
FRAY (Heb. ḥārad, to “frighten”; Deut. 28:26; Jer. 7:33; Zech. 1:21; all KJV only). The English term appearing in the KJV of the passages listed immediately above is not the modern fray but rather is an old word signifying to frighten or scare away. The NASB replaces KJV “fray” with “frighten” or “terrify,”
TERROR. The rendering of several Heb. words and one Gk. word denoting great fear, that which agitates both body and mind. Some of these words have as their primary meaning the cause of fear, others the result. Thus ˒êmâ (Josh. 2:9; Job 20:25; Pss. 55:4; 88:15) is that which inspires dread, as a king
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
FEAR - a feeling of reverence, awe, and respect, or an unpleasant emotion caused by a sense of danger. Fear may be directed toward God or humankind, and it may be either healthy or harmful.A healthy fear is reverence or respect. The Bible teaches that children are to respect their parents (Lev. 19:3),
Dictionary of Biblical Imagery
FearFear in the sense of terror is a formidable part of the Bible’s picture of life in a fallen world. While the Bible offers no psychology of fear, we can categorize the images of fear by the things that cause fear, the physical results of fear and biblical characters caught in moments of terror.The
Fear of God
Fear of GodThe fear of God is distinct from the terror of him that is also a biblical motif (see Fear). Encompassing and building on attitudes of awe and reverence, it is the proper and elemental response of a person to God. This religious fear of God is a major biblical image for the believer’s faith.
Key passages
Ge 3:10

And he replied, “I heard the sound of you in the garden, and I was afraid because I am naked, so I hid myself.”

Nu 13:30–33

And Caleb silenced the people before Moses and said, “Surely, let us go up and let us take possession of it because surely we will be able to prevail over it.” And the men who went up with him said, “We are not able to go up to the people because they are stronger than us.” And they presented …

Ps 55:4–5

My heart trembles within me, and deathly terrors fall on me. Fear and trembling come on me, and horror overwhelms me.

Pr 29:25

The fear of a person will lay a snare, but he who trusts in Yahweh will be secure.

Mt 10:26–33

“Therefore do not be afraid of them, because nothing is hidden that will not be revealed, and nothing secret that will not become known. What I say to you in the dark, tell in the light, and what you hear in your ear, proclaim on the housetops. And do not be afraid …

2 Ti 1:6–7

for which reason I remind you to rekindle the gift of God that is in you through the laying on of my hands. For God has not given us a spirit of cowardice, but of power and love and self-discipline.

See also
Ge 3:1–4:15; Ge 12:10–20; Ge 19:30–20:18; Ge 26:6–35; Ge 31:1–42; Ge 32:1–21; Ge 33:1–17; Ge 42:1–43:34; Ge 45:1–28; Ge 50:15–21; Ex 2:11–25; Ex 14:1–15:19; Ex 23:20–33; Ex 32:1–35; Ex 34:29–35; Le 26:14–46; Nu 13:1–14:10; Nu 22:1–21; Dt 1:19–33; Dt 2:1–25; Dt 3:12–22; Dt 7:12–26; Dt 11:1–32; Dt 19:15–20:20; Dt 21:18–21; Dt 28:1–14; Dt 28:25–44; Dt 28:58–68; Dt 31:1–8; Dt 32:19–38; Jos 1:1–9; Jos 2:1–24; Jos 5:1–12; Jos 7:1–9; Jos 9:1–10:27; Jos 17:14–18; Jos 22:10–34; Jdg 4:1–24; Jdg 6:11–27; Jdg 7:1–8:21; Jdg 9:7–21; Jdg 10:6–18; 1 Sa 4:2–11; 1 Sa 5:1–12; 1 Sa 7:2–17; 1 Sa 10:17–27; 1 Sa 13:1–15; 1 Sa 14:1–46; 1 Sa 15:10–16:13; 1 Sa 17:1–18:30; 1 Sa 21:1–15; 1 Sa 28:3–25; 1 Sa 31:1–13; 2 Sa 3:6–21; 2 Sa 4:1–12; 2 Sa 10:1–19; 2 Sa 12:16–23; 2 Sa 15:13–37; 2 Sa 17:5–14; 1 Ki 1:28–53; 1 Ki 2:26–35; 1 Ki 11:26–40; 1 Ki 19:1–10; 2 Ki 6:8–23; 2 Ki 7:3–20; 2 Ki 10:1–11; 2 Ki 12:17–18; 2 Ki 19:1–7; 2 Ki 25:1–26; 1 Ch 10:1–14; 1 Ch 19:1–19; 2 Ch 20:1–30; Ezr 3:1–7; Ezr 4:1–5; Ne 2:1–10; Ne 4:1–23; Ne 6:15–7:3; Es 4:1–17; Es 7:1–9:17; Job 7:1–21; Job 15:1–35; Job 18:1–21; Job 27:1–23; Job 30:1–31; Ps 10:1–18; Ps 14:1–7; Ps 27:1–14; Ps 37:1–19; Ps 48:1–14; Ps 53:1–6; Ps 55:1–23; Ps 56:1–13; Ps 64:1–10; Ps 78:1–55; Ps 105:23–45; Ps 143:1–12; Pr 1:20–33; Pr 10:24; Pr 21:15; Pr 28:1; Pr 28:12; Pr 29:25; Ec 11:9–12:8; Is 2:5–22; Is 7:1–9; Is 8:11–22; Is 13:1–22; Is 14:28–32; Is 17:1–19:17; Is 21:1–10; Is 24:1–23; Is 30:8–17; Is 30:27–33; Is 31:4–9; Is 33:10–16; Is 43:1–21; Is 44:9–20; Is 51:1–16; Is 54:1–17; Je 6:1–30; Je 8:4–17; Je 14:19–15:9; Je 23:1–8; Je 30:1–24; Je 32:16–25; Je 35:1–19; Je 36:11–19; Je 38:14–39:18; Je 41:1–42:22; Je 46:1–12; Je 48:34–49:6; Je 49:23–39; La 1:1–22; La 3:43–66; Eze 4:1–17; Eze 7:1–27; Eze 11:1–13; Eze 12:17–28; Eze 26:1–21; Eze 30:1–19; Eze 32:1–32; Da 4:1–18; Da 5:1–12; Da 7:15–28; Da 8:15–27; Da 10:1–11:4; Da 11:29–39; Joe 2:1–11; Am 3:1–8; Jon 1:4–16; Mic 4:1–5; Mic 7:14–20; Na 2:1–13; Zep 3:8–20; Zec 1:18–21; Zec 9:1–8; Zec 12:1–9; Zec 14:1–15; Mt 2:19–23; Mt 6:19–34; Mt 8:23–9:8; Mt 10:16–33; Mt 14:3–12; Mt 14:22–33; Mt 17:1–13; Mt 21:23–27; Mt 21:33–46; Mt 25:14–30; Mt 26:47–56; Mt 26:69–75; Mt 28:1–10; Mk 4:35–5:20; Mk 5:25–34; Mk 6:14–29; Mk 6:45–52; Mk 9:1–13; Mk 10:32–34; Mk 11:15–19; Mk 11:27–12:12; Mk 14:43–52; Mk 14:66–72; Mk 16:1–8; Lk 1:11–17; Lk 1:57–80; Lk 2:8–14; Lk 7:11–16; Lk 8:22–40; Lk 9:27–36; Lk 9:43–45; Lk 12:1–12; Lk 12:22–34; Lk 19:11–27; Lk 20:19–26; Lk 21:25–28; Lk 22:1–6; Lk 22:54–62; Lk 24:1–12; Lk 24:33–43; Jn 3:1–21; Jn 6:15–21; Jn 7:10–13; Jn 9:13–23; Jn 11:45–57; Jn 12:37–43; Jn 14:22–31; Jn 18:12–27; Jn 18:39–19:16; Jn 19:38–42; Jn 20:19–25; Ac 5:1–11; Ac 5:22–32; Ac 9:10–19; Ac 9:26–30; Ac 10:1–8; Ac 16:25–40; Ac 19:11–20; Ac 22:22–23:10; Ac 24:22–27; Ac 27:13–38; Ro 8:12–17; Ro 13:1–7; 1 Co 2:1–5; 2 Co 7:2–16; 2 Co 11:1–4; 2 Co 12:14–21; Ga 2:11–21; Ga 6:11–15; Eph 6:5–9; Php 2:12–18; 1 Ti 5:17–25; 2 Ti 1:3–7; 2 Ti 4:9–16; Heb 2:10–18; Heb 12:18–24; Jas 2:14–26; 1 Pe 1:13–21; 1 Pe 3:13–17; 1 Jn 4:17–19; Jud 20–23; Re 1:9–20; Re 6:12–17; Re 11:11–14; Re 18:9–20; Re 21:1–8;
See also
Topics & Themes