The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Family (בֵּ֥ית אָבִֽי‎, beith aviy; מִשְׁפָּחָה‎, mishpachah; πατριὰ, patria; οἶκος, oikos). Members of a household who may or may not be related biologically. Responsible for the care of its members. The chief collective through which property is passed.
Family Relations in the First Century
Family Relations in the First Century Family relations in the first century. The organization of kinship, particularly within close proximity and household. Reviews the interrelational dynamics of individuals who are kin within the cultural context of the early centuries ad.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
FAMILY. This entry focuses on aspects of family structure in ancient Israel, as well as on the association of household units with early Christianity.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Family [Heb. mišpāḥâ]; AV also KIND (Gen. 18:19), KINDRED; NEB also CLAN, etc.; [bayiṯ] (Gen. 34:19; Josh. 22:14; Jgs. 6:15, 27; 8:27, 35; 16:31); AV, NEB, also HOUSE, HOUSEHOLD; [ʾelep̱] (Josh. 22:21, 30); AV THOUSAND; NEB CLAN; [zeraʿ] (2 K. 11:1; 25:25; 2 Ch. 22:10; Jer. 41:1; Ezk. 43:19; Dnl.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
family. The family was the basic social unit in Israel during the biblical period.The Nuclear Family: The smallest family unit was the nuclear family (Heb. bayit), which usually occupied its own dwelling. The nuclear family normally consisted of parents and their unmarried children, although occasionally
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
FAMILYTerminology. Several words expressing the idea of family appear in the Bible. In the OT, Heb. bayith (lit., “house”) may signify the family living in the house (e.g., 1 Chr 13:14) and often is translated “household” (e.g., Gen 18:19; Ex 1:1; Josh 7:18, re Achan who lived in a tent). More frequently
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Family (Heb. bayiṯ “house,” mišpāḥâ; Gk. oíkos).† The basic social unit, comprised of persons related by kinship and sharing a common residence. The Israelite family was an extended family known as the “father’s house” or “household” (Heb. bêṯ-˒āḇ), consisting of two or more nuclear
Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels
FamilyThe evidence of the NT as a whole suggests that household relations were a subject of major concern in early Christianity. This is because following Jesus, or conversion to the Christian way, was as much a social matter as a personal one. In a culture where individual identity was defined in terms
Catholic Bible Dictionary
FAMILY The most fundamental unit of human society. In its most basic form, the family consists of mother, father, and children; more broadly, “family” can mean grandparents, aunts and uncles, cousins, and every degree of relation.Christians call the family the “domestic church”: it forms a community
Dictionary of New Testament Background
FAMILY AND HOUSEHOLDThe vast disparity between the income of rich and poor makes it somewhat difficult to generalize about all ancient households; a wealthy householder had more than seven hundred times the income of a peasant, and the extremely wealthy might have more than fifteen thousand times the
Dictionary of the Later New Testament & Its Developments
Household, Family
Household, FamilyThe sociological unit in the Hellenistic world, as in the OT, was not the individual, the city or the state but the family or household. Early Christianity, including the NT itself, to a large degree addressed people not as separate individual entities but as connected to the household
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
FAMILY. The family relation is the institution of God lying at the foundation of all human society. Christian ethics leave nothing wanting of the main elements of that institution. It confirms monogamy: “Have you not read, that He who created them from the beginning made them male and female, and said,
Key passages
Jos 24:15

But if it is bad in your eyes to serve Yahweh, choose for yourselves today whom you want to serve, whether it is the gods that your ancestors served beyond the river, or the gods of the Amorites in whose land you are living; but as for me and my household, we will serve Yahweh.”

Mk 3:31–34

And his mother and his brothers arrived, and standing outside, they sent word to him to summon him. And a crowd was sitting around him, and they told him, “Behold, your mother and your brothers are outside looking for you.” And he answered them and said, “Who is …

Lk 14:26

“If anyone comes to me and does not hate his own father and mother and wife and children and brothers and sisters, and furthermore, even his own life, he cannot be my disciple.

Ac 16:34

And he brought them up into his house and set a meal before them, and rejoiced greatly that he had believed in God with his whole household.

1 Ti 5:8

But if someone does not provide for his own relatives, and especially the members of his household, he has denied the faith and is worse than an unbeliever.

See also
Ge 4:16–24; Ge 5:1–32; Ge 6:13–10:32; Ge 11:10–12:9; Ge 13:1–14:17; Ge 17:1–27; Ge 18:16–33; Ge 19:12–21:21; Ge 22:20–24; Ge 24:1–9; Ge 24:29–25:6; Ge 25:12–34; Ge 27:41–28:5; Ge 29:1–30:24; Ge 31:1–32:21; Ge 33:1–17; Ge 34:1–35:15; Ge 36:1–30; Ge 36:40–38:30; Ge 42:1–24; Ge 43:1–46:27; Ge 48:1–22; Ge 50:15–21; Ex 1:1–2:25; Ex 4:18–31; Ex 6:14–27; Ex 18:1–27; Ex 20:1–17; Ex 21:1–27; Le 18:1–30; Le 21:1–24; Le 25:39–55; Nu 3:1–4; Nu 3:14–39; Nu 4:34–49; Nu 16:20–40; Nu 18:1–7; Nu 36:1–13; Dt 6:1–9; Dt 12:1–28; Dt 13:1–18; Dt 14:22–29; Dt 25:5–10; Dt 29:1–29; Jos 2:1–24; Jos 6:1–27; Jos 24:1–28; Jdg 8:29–9:6; Jdg 19:1–21; Ru 1:1–3:18; Ru 4:13–22; 1 Sa 1:1–7; 1 Sa 2:22–36; 1 Sa 14:47–52; 1 Sa 17:1–16; 1 Sa 22:1–5; 1 Sa 27:1–28:2; 2 Sa 12:1–15; 2 Sa 13:1–22; 1 Ch 1:1–42; 1 Ch 2:1–6:53; 1 Ch 7:1–9:2; 1 Ch 9:35–44; 1 Ch 16:37–43; 2 Ch 11:18–23; 2 Ch 22:10–12; Ne 7:4–38; Ne 10:28–11:24; Es 2:1–18; Job 19:7–20; Job 42:1–17; Ps 50:1–23; Ps 69:1–36; Ps 128:1–6; Pr 11:29; Pr 15:27; Pr 17:1; Pr 17:17; Pr 18:19; Pr 27:8; Pr 27:10; Pr 27:23–27; Pr 31:10–31; So 7:1–8:14; Je 12:5–17; Je 16:1–13; Eze 16:44–59; Eze 22:1–16; Eze 44:10–31; Am 3:1–8; Am 7:10–17; Mic 7:1–7; Zec 12:10–14; Mt 1:1–17; Mt 8:18–22; Mt 10:16–25; Mt 10:34–39; Mt 12:46–50; Mt 13:54–58; Mt 14:3–12; Mt 19:27–30; Mt 22:23–33; Mk 3:20–21; Mk 3:31–35; Mk 6:1–6; Mk 6:14–29; Mk 10:28–31; Mk 12:18–27; Mk 13:5–23; Lk 3:23–38; Lk 4:38–39; Lk 8:19–21; Lk 9:57–62; Lk 12:13–21; Lk 12:49–53; Lk 14:25–35; Lk 18:28–30; Lk 20:27–38; Lk 21:8–19; Jn 1:12–13; Jn 1:35–42; Jn 6:41–59; Jn 7:1–9; Jn 11:1–37; Jn 19:17–37; Ac 1:12–14; Ac 10:1–8; Ac 10:24–33; Ac 11:1–18; Ac 16:11–15; Ac 16:25–34; Ac 18:1–17; Ac 23:11–22; Ro 16:3–16; Eph 3:14–21; Col 3:18–4:1; 1 Ti 5:3–16; Heb 11:4–7; Jud 1–2;