Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Falcons were among the birds of prey present in the ancient Near East. They are mentioned as birds with excellent eyesight (Job 28:7) and in the law as unclean animals that could not be eaten (Lev 11:14; Deut 14:13).
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Falcon (Heb. ˒ayyâ). † A bird of prey belonging to the family Falconidae; several species of the genus Falco have been attested in Palestine. The bird’s keen vision, noted at Job 28:7 (LXX Gk. gypós “vulture”; so KJV, JB), would aid it in spotting and striking at its prey, hence its inclusion
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
FALCON<fo’-k’-n>, <fol’-k’-n>, <fal’-kun>: The Hebrews did not know the word. Their bird corresponding to our falcon, in all probability, was one of the smaller kestrels covered by the word nets, which seemed to cover all lesser birds of prey that we include in the hawk family. That some of our many
falconThe falcon is a bird of prey, meaning that it pursues other animals for food. It is active during the day and is characterized by long, pointed wings and swift, powerful flight. Some 60 species belong to the Falconidae family, which includes such birds as the caracaras, falconets, forest falcons,
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 2, D–G
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
FALCON, fôʹk’n, fôʹk’n, falʹkun: The Hebrews did not know the word. Their bird corresponding to our falcon, in all probability, was one of the smaller kestrels covered by the word nēç, which seemed to cover all lesser birds of prey that we include in the hawk family. That some of our many divisions
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
FALCON [אַיָּה ʾayyah]. Several kinds of falcons are found in Palestine. Thus, a reference to “the falcon of any kind” would make perfect sense in the lists of unclean birds (Lev 11:14 = Deut 14:13; NRSV has “the kite of any kind”). However, it is uncertain which bird the onomatopoeic word ʾayyah actually