The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Fabrics A word supplied by the RSV to fill out the meaning of 2 Ch. 2:7, 14; 3:14. The NEB employs “yarn.” The AV has simply “purple, and crimson, and blue” without an additional noun. Dyes in the ancient Near East were obtained from such sources as the juice of crushed cochineal insects, mollusks,
Dictionary of Daily Life in Biblical & Post-Biblical Antiquity, Volumes I–IV
TextilesThe word “textile” is derived from the Latin adjective textilis, “woven,” and thus describes any kind of fabric that has resulted from the process of weaving. This craft is one of the oldest known to humanity, and presupposes the ability to spin yarn from various materials and intertwine it
The Eerdmans Encyclopedia of Early Christian Art and Archaeology, Volumes 1–3
Textile(Lat. textum, perf. pass. part. of texo), woven fabric, cloth. Textiles produced in the early Christian period encompass a variety of items for personal and household use and for the decoration of buildings, including tunics, shawls, hats, head-nets, socks, trousers, pillow, bed and other covers,
Textile: Diagnostics
Textile: DiagnosticsCloth in late antiquity was woven in fibers taken from two sources, animals and plants; in exceptional pieces, mineral threads (gold, silver, copper) were also interwoven. Wool came from the hair of sheep, goats, camels, and rabbits. Silk came from the cocoon in which the silk worm
Textile: Embroidery
Textile: EmbroideryThe embellishment or ornamentation of a primary woven fabric (or of leather) with a needle and thread. Embroidery is a form of t. → ornament. The terminology of embroidery types is based on threads and stitches. Threads in late antiquity were typically wool or silk. Satin and chain
Textile: Liturgical
Textile: LiturgicalUsed in a liturgical setting (church or baptistery); those dated to 300–600/700 can be classified under three rubrics: wall hangings, altar cloths, and garments.Vestments encompass all garments used exclusively in liturgical contexts. The concept underlying the wearing of such garments
Textile: Wall Hanging
Textile: Wall Hanging/Room DividerA critical corpus of materials under this rubric from late antiquity is wanting. Some of the hangings exhibit Christian subjects; others are pagan. Details of the interior spaces where these materials were displayed are unknown, but it is presumed that churches and
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
TEXTILES. Interwoven within the biblical narratives are depictions of clothing and the textiles and fabrics from which they are made. The most important of these textiles was wool. Since herding flocks of sheep and goats was a huge factor in the economy of ancient Syria-Palestine, numerous stories are
Key passages
Eze 27:7

Your sail was fine linen with colorful weaving from Egypt to serve as a banner for you; blue and purple cloth from the coastlands of Cyprus was your awning.

Eze 27:16

Edom was trading with you because of the abundance of your products, trading with malachite, purple wool yarn and colorful weaving, and fine white fabric and black corals and rubies; all these they exchange for your merchandise.

Eze 27:20

Dedan was trading with you, with garments of woven material for riding.

Eze 27:24

They were trading with you in finery, in mantles of blue cloth and colorful embroidered work and with rugs of variegated cloth in twisted cords and knotted tightly; these were among your merchandise.

See also
Topics & Themes