Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A town assigned first to the tribe of Judah and then later to the tribe of Simeon (Josh 15:29; Josh 19:3; 1 Chr 4:29).
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
EZEM (PLACE) [Heb ʿeṣem (עֶצֶם)]. A settlement of the tribe of Simeon (Josh 15:29). The KJV variant, Azem, derives from a Masoretic pausal form in Joshua. Ezem appears twice in Joshua; in 15:29 it is listed as part of the tribe of Judah, and in 19:3 it is a Simeonite settlement. It is also listed as
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Ezem. City alloted to Judah’s tribe (Jos 15:29, kjv Azem), then later to Simeon’s tribe, for an inheritance (Jos 19:3, kjv Azem; 1 Chr 4:29). Joshua 15 locates the city in the extreme southern part of Canaan (v 21). Its exact location is in question, but Umm el-‛Azem near Beersheba has been suggested.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Ezem (ee´zuhm; Heb., “bone”), a town in southern Judah counted as belonging to both Judah (Josh. 15:29) and Simeon (19:3). Since the tribe of Simeon was early assimilated into Judah, the town was probably originally assigned to Simeon, but was absorbed into Judah as Simeon lost its identity (note Gen.
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Ezem (Heb. ʿeṣem)A town allocated to Simeon (Josh. 19:3; 1 Chr. 4:29), later included in Judah when Simeon was assimilated (Josh. 15:29). The site has tentatively been identified with Umm el-ʿAzam (140055), ca. 36 km. (20 mi.) SE of Beer-sheba. Its possible mention on an ostracon from Tell esh-Shariʿa
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Harper’s Bible Dictionary