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Ezel
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A stone where Jonathan met David to tell him that Saul was planning to kill him (1 Sam 20:19). A number of English translations read “Ezel” as the name of the stone. However, this name is preserved only in this one occurrence in the Masoretic Text. The Septuagint simply reads “that mound.” While it is possible that the Hebrew text could preserve a proper name here, textual corruption is more probable. This reference to “the Ezel” (הָאָזֶל‎, ha'azel) could have resulted from a transposition of letters spelling “that one” (הַלָּאז‎, hallaz). The Septuagint uses a demonstrative pronoun, ἐκεῖνος (ekeinos), meaning “that” or “there” for הָאָזֶל‎ (ha'azel). Jonathan likely was telling David to hide and wait beside “that rock heap,” not a stone called “Ezel.”
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Ezel
Ezel (אֶזֶל‎, ezel). A stone where Jonathan met David to tell him that Saul was planning to kill him (1 Sam 20:19). A number of English translations read “Ezel” as the name of the stone. However, this name is preserved only in this one occurrence in the Masoretic Text. The Septuagint simply reads “that
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Ezel (Place)
EZEL (PLACE) [Heb *ʾezel (אֶזֶל)]. A stone behind which David hid until Jonathan could inform him of King Saul’s attitude (1 Sam 20:19); however, its location is unknown. The Hebrew text reads ʾēṣel hāʾeben hāʾāzel, “near the stone Ezel,” but LXX reads para to Argab ekeino, “by that Argab/Ergab.”
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Ezel
Ezel. Hebrew word designating a stone where Jonathan and David met prior to David’s departure from the court of Saul (1 Sm 20:19, rsv stone heap).
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Ezel
Ezel ēʹzel [Heb. hāʾāzel—‘departure’] (1 S. 20:19). In the AV and RSV mg the proper name of the stone at which David was to meet Jonathan.The textual tradition is considerably confused at this point. The MT reads ʾēṣel hāʾeḇen hāʾāzel, literally, “beside the stone, Ezel.” The LXX B reads ergab
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Ezel
EZEL* Hebrew word designating a stone where Jonathan and David met prior to David’s departure from the court of Saul (1 Sm 20:19, nlt mg).
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Ezel
EZEL. There is wide difference of opinion as to the meaning of this word. Jonathan met David on their farewell parting (1 Sam 20:19, 1 Sa 20:41–42, 41 f.) by the stone Ezel (Heb. hā’āzel). The RSV, following the LXX, emends the passage to read, “beside yonder stone heap,” and in v. 41 translates, “David
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Ezel
EZEL. The agreed rendezvous of David and Jonathan, occurring in 1 Sa. 20:19 (av, rv, rsvmg.). It is sometimes taken to mean ‘departure’, but the rvmg. and the rsv, following the lxx, read ‘this mound’ and ‘yonder stone heap’ respectively, and assume corruption in the Heb. text. See also the mg. of
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Ezel
Ezel (Heb. hāʾāzel)A stone where Jonathan and David agreed to meet after David fled Saul (1 Sam. 20:19) and where they bade farewell to each other (vv. 35–42). Its precise location is unknown.
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Ezel
Ezel [ēˊzəl] (Heb. hā˒āzel “departure”). A stone where Jonathan and David agreed to meet (1 Sam. 20:19) and where they bade farewell to each other (vv. 35ff.); its precise location is unknown. The RSV emends Heb. ˒ēṣel hā˒eḇen hā˒āzel “beside the stone Ezel” to ˒ēṣel hā˒argāḇ hallā˒z
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Ezel
E´zel (departure), The stone, a well-known stone in the neighborhood of Saul’s residence, the scene of the parting of David and Jonathan. 1 Sam. 20:19.
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Ezel
E´ZEL (ēʹzel; “separation”). The memorial stone, place of the meeting and parting of David and Jonathan (1 Sam. 20:19). The marg. of the KJV has “that showeth the way”; the marg. of the RV has “this mound.”
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Ezel
Ezela separation, (1 Sam. 20:19), a stone, or heap of stones, in the neighbourhood of Saul’s residence, the scene of the parting of David and Jonathan (42). The margin of the Authorized Version reads, “The stone that sheweth the way,” in this rendering following the Targum.
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