Demons and Exorcism • Exorcist
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Exorcism, Exorcist. Art of expelling demons and evil spirits, and the practitioner of this art.See Demon, Demon Possession; Trades and Occupations.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Exorcism A word derived from the Gk. exorkízein, meaning “adjure,” “charge (someone) under oath.” The verb exorkízein occurs in the NT only in Mt. 26:63, where it is translated “adjure” (NEB: “charge”), and as a variant reading in Acts 19:13f. The prefixed preposition ek (normally “from,” “out of”)
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Exorcism, Exorcist
EXORCISM*, EXORCIST* Art of expelling demons and evil spirits, and the practitioner of this art.The ability to expel or control demons was claimed by many in the ancient Near East. Aside from the miracles of Jesus recorded in the Gospels, only in Acts 19:13 is there a biblical reference to exorcism
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
EXORCISM. One who extracts an oath, an exorcist; from exorkizō, orkizō, “to extract an oath, to adjure.” The verbal form exorkizō is used once in Mt 26:63 where the high priest says to Jesus, “I adjure thee by the living God, that thou tell us whether thou be the Christ,” while orkizō is used three
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
ExorcismAn attempt to control and cast out evil spirits believed to have entered a person in order to cause harm. The Gospels (with the exception of John) contain numerous references to demon possession and exorcism. There is one major exorcism account in Acts (16:16–18), and incidental remarks about
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Exorcism (Gk. exórkōsis, from exorkízō “conjure, bind with an oath”).† The practice of expelling demons or evil spirits from a person or place by means of adjurations or rituals.Despite the widespread practice of divination in the ancient Near East as well as possible evidences among the Israelites,
Dictionary of Paul and His Letters
Demons and exorcismIn Hellenistic Greek daimones (masculine) and daimonia (neuter) signified semidivine beings with powers of various sorts who could be either good or evil, similar to our popular use of the word spirit. The LXX used demons (daimonia) to designate heathen gods, as an epithet of contempt.
Catholic Bible Dictionary
ExorcismsThe demoniac at Capernaum (Mark 1; Luke 4)The deaf and mute demoniac (Matt 12; Luke 11)The Gadarene/​Gerasene demoniacs (Matt 8; Mark 5; Luke 8)The mute demoniac (Matt 9)The daughter of the Syro-Phoenician woman (Matt 15; Mark 7)The epileptic child (Matt 17; Mark 9; Luke 9)
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
exorcism. The practice of expelling evil spirits by means of prayer or set formulas was common among the Jews and pagans, and was taken over by the Christian Church after the example of Christ and His Apostles (cf. Mt. 10:1 ff., Lk. 11:14 ff., Acts 16:18, 19:13 ff., etc.). Exorcism has been practised
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
EX´ORCISM (ekʹsor-sizm). The practice of using magical words and ceremonies to expel evil spirits or demons. The phenomenon was characteristic of heathenism. The Jews at Ephesus encountered by Paul (Acts 19:13–19) illustrate an attempt to mix pagan traffic in demonology with expulsion of evil spirits
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
EXORCISM; EXORCIST<ek’-sor-siz’-m>, <ek’-sor-sist> ([ Ἐξορκιστής, Exorkistes], from [ἐξορκίζω, exorkizo], “to adjure” (Matthew 26:63)):
The Lutheran Cyclopedia
Exorcism. A solemn ceremony, intended to expel the devil from persons or things of which he has taken possession. The ancient Church shared the Jewish belief, reflected in the New Testament, that many diseases were due to demoniacal possession; and had the conviction that the whole world lay in the power
Key passages
Mt 12:27–28

And if I expel demons by Beelzebul, by whom do your sons expel them? For this reason they will be your judges! But if I expel demons by the Spirit of God, then the kingdom of God has come upon you!

Lk 4:33–36

And in the synagogue there was a man who had the spirit of an unclean demon, and he cried out with a loud voice, “Ha! Leave us alone, Jesus the Nazarene! Have you come to destroy us? I know who you are—the Holy One of God!” And Jesus rebuked him, saying, “Be silent and come out of him!” …

Ac 19:12–16

so that even handkerchiefs or work aprons that had touched his skin were carried away to those who were sick, and their diseases left them and the evil spirits came out of them. But some itinerant Jewish exorcists also attempted to pronounce the name of the Lord Jesus over those who had …