The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Executioners [Heb. pequddôṯ] (Ezk. 9:1); AV “them that have charge”; NEB “those appointed to punish.” The OT has no special word for those who carry out a legal sentence of capital punishment. Ezk. 9:1 refers to officers in charge of the city who were appointed to carry out this sentence. See also
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
EXECUTIONER. In Israel no office of executioner was neccessary, for executions were in general performed publicly by the people (cf. Deut 17:5; 22:21, 24; Josh 7:25). The term “executioner” appears rarely in the English versions of the Bible. In the KJV it occurs only in Mk 6:27, where the Gr. spekoulator
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Executioner. The post of executioner was one of high dignity. Potiphar was “captain of the executioners.” Gen. 37:36; see margin. That the “captain of the guard” himself occasionally performed the duty of an executioner appears from 1 Kings 2:25, 34.
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
EXECUTIONER. The Heb. word describes, in the first instance, the office of executioner, and, secondarily, the general duties of the bodyguard of a monarch. Thus Potiphar was “captain of the executioners” (Gen. 37:36, KJV marg.; NIV, “captain of the guard”). That the “captain of the guard” occasionally
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Executioner(Mark 6:27). Instead of the Greek word, Mark here uses a Latin word, speculator, which literally means “a scout,” “a spy,” and at length came to denote one of the armed bodyguard of the emperor. Herod Antipas, in imitation of the emperor, had in attendance on him a company of speculatores.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
EXECUTE; EXECUTIONER<ek’-se-kut>, <ek-se-ku’-shun-er> ([עָשָׂה‎, ̀asah], “to do,” [דִּין‎, din],”to judge,” “decide”; [ποιέω, poieo], “to do”; [σπεκουλάτωρ, spekoulator], Latin speculator, “an attendant”): “Execute” in the sense of “executing judgment,” “vengeance,” etc., is often found
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
EXECUTIONER One who puts another to death, especially as a legal penalty. KJV uses the term only once (Mark 6:27 for the one beheading John the Baptist). Some modern translations prefer a more generic term such as “soldier of the guard” (NRSV, REB) or simply “guard” (TEV). The OT law does not make provision
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
Execute, Executioner
EXECUTE, ekʹsē̇-kūt, EXECUTIONER, ek-sē̇-kūʹshun-ẽr (עָשָׂה‎, ‛āsāh, “to do,” דִּין‎, dīn, “to judge,” “decide”; ποιέω, poiéō, “to do”; σπεκουλάτωρ, spekoulátōr, Lat speculator, “an attendant”): “Execute” in the sense of “executing judgment,” “vengeance,” etc, is often found in the OT (Ex
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
EXECUTIONER [σπεκυλάτωρ spekylatōr]. The person responsible for carrying out capital punishment. In Israelite society, no exclusive term was used for the executioner (Ezek 9:1; Dan 2:14), although the captain of the guard (1 Kgs 2:25, 34) could be assigned the role. In Roman society, this person (in