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Ethiopian eunuch
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Converted and baptized by Philip the Evangelist on the road from Jerusalem (Acts 8:27–39). He had just returned from worshiping in Jerusalem and was reading from Isaiah (Acts 8:27; compare Isa 53:7–8). This suggests that he was a proselyte to Judaism. However, if he was in fact castrated, he would have been unfit to enter the temple according to the law (Deut 23:1). Luke may have included this episode in Acts to show that the kingdom of God was open to those who were formerly shut out, such as foreigners and eunuchs (see Isa 56:3–5).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Ethiopian Eunuch
Ethiopian Eunuch Converted and baptized by Philip the Evangelist on the road from Jerusalem (Acts 8:27–39). He had just returned from worshiping in Jerusalem and was reading from Isaiah (Acts 8:27; compare Isa 53:7–8). This suggests that he was a proselyte to Judaism. However, if he was in fact castrated,
Candace
Candace (Κανδάκη, Kandakē). Dynastic title of the Ethiopian queen mentioned in Acts 8:27. In Acts 8:26–39, a eunuch employed as a treasurer by the Candace was converted under the ministry of Philip the Evangelist.“Candace” was a title much like “Pharaoh” was for the king of Egypt. Pliny the Elder states
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Ethiopian Eunuch
ETHIOPIAN EUNUCH. Acts 8:26–40 narrates the story of the Ethiopian eunuch who is converted to Christian faith through the agency of the deacon Philip. In addition to the intriguing presentation of the character himself, the story is significant for the questions it has raised regarding the tradition
Candace (Person)
CANDACE (PERSON) [Gk Kandakē (Κανδακη)]. Title of the person who employed the Ethiopian eunuch converted by Philip (Acts 8:27–39). Candace is not a proper name but a title (like the word “Pharaoh”); in fact, it was one of the first Ethiopic words clearly identified by scholars. It means Queen, though
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Candace
Candace. Title given to ancient Ethiopian queens. Philip, an apostle and leader in the early church, met and baptized “an Ethiopian, a eunuch, a minister of the Candace, queen of the Ethiopians, in charge of all her treasure” on the road from Jerusalem to Gaza (Acts 8:27). That Candace, whose name was
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Ethiopian Eunuch
Ethiopian Eunuch [Gk. Aithiops eunoúchos]. Acts 8:26–40 gives an account of Philip’s evangelization of a eunuch returning home to Ethiopia after a visit to Jerusalem. This man was called a eunuch (eunoúchos) and a ruler (dynástēs) of the Ethiopian court. Probably he was a castrated man with authority
Candace
Candace kanʹdə-sē, kan-dā-sē [Gk. hē Kandakē] (Acts 8:27); NEB “the Kandake.” The title of the queen-mother of Ethiopia. According to Bion of Soli (Aethiopica 1), the Ethiopians regarded the sun as the father of their kings, and gave the title Candace to the mother. Her treasurer, “a eunuch of
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Candace
CANDACE* Title given to ancient Ethiopian queens. Philip, a leader in the early church, met and baptized an Ethiopian eunuch, who was a minister under Candace, queen of the Ethiopians (Acts 8:27). That Candace, whose name was probably Amanitere, ruled over Nubia (modern Sudan) from ad 25 to 41.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Candace, The
Candace (kan´duh-see), the, a title borne by a woman who is also called the “queen of the Ethiopians” in Acts 8:27. She is mentioned because Philip baptizes her treasury minister, an Ethiopian eunuch. At this time, “Ethiopian” did not designate a specific country, but was used as a generic term for Africans
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Ethiopian Eunuch
ETHIOPIAN EUNUCH. Ethiopian tradition makes the man mentioned in Acts 8:26–40 the founder of Christianity in Ethiopia. Not identifiable from any reliable outside sources, he was possibly the state minister in charge of the treasury under Candace, queen of the Ethiopians. The designation “eunuch” is elsewhere
Candace
CANDACE. Queen of ancient Ethiopia or Cush, who is mentioned in Acts 8:27. Her kingdom, which is not to be confused with modern Ethiopia or Abyssinia, was the area known as Meroë in S Nubia or the modern Sudan (see Cush 3 and Ethiopia).The writings of Strabo, Dio Cassius, and Pliny, and the inscriptions
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Ethiopian Eunuch
ETHIOPIAN EUNUCH. A high official (dynastēs), royal treasurer in the court of *Ethiopia’s Queen *Candace, converted under Philip’s ministry (Acts 8:26–40). It was not unusual in antiquity for *eunuchs, who were customarily harem attendants, to rise to positions of influence.Barred from active participation
Candace
CANDACE. The name or, more properly, title of the Ethiopian queen whose minister was converted under the ministry of Philip (Acts 8:27). For the extent of her kingdom, which probably centered in the region of Upper Nubia (Meroë) rather than in modern-day Ethiopia, see *Ethiopia. Women rulers, probably
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Ethiopian Eunuch
Ethiopian EunuchA Jewish-sympathizing superintendent of the Ethiopian queen’s (Candace) treasury who received instruction and baptism from Philip along a desert route from Jerusalem to Gaza (Acts 8:26–39). His devotion to Judaism is evident in his pilgrimage to Jerusalem and his perusal of a personal
Candace
Candace (Gk. kandákē)An Ethiopic title for the queen and queen mother. The Candace mentioned in Acts 8:27 is not identified by a personal name. Philip baptized her treasurer, an Ethiopian eunuch who came to Jerusalem to worship. According to Bion of Soli (Aethiopica 1, ca. 2nd century b.c.e.), the
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Ethiopian Eunuch
Ethiopian Eunuch (Gk. Aithiops eunoúchos).† An unnamed minister (dynástēs) of the Candace, queen of the ancient Ethiopian kingdom of Meroë, who met Philip the evangelist and accepted the gospel (Acts 8:26–39). Instructed to go south to the desert road leading from Jerusalem to Gaza (v. 26;
Candace
Candace [kănˊdə sĭ] (Gk. Kandakē). The queen of Ethiopia (so KJV, NIV at Acts 8:27; RSV “the Candace”), whose eunuch Philip met on the road between Jerusalem and Gaza. Her realm was probably Nubia with the principal cities of Meroe and Napata, not Ethiopia proper. Candace is not a personal
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Ethiopian Eunuch
ETHIOPIAN EUNUCH An Ethiopian mentioned in Acts 8:26–40 who converted to the Christian faith through the efforts of Philip. He is described in some detail by Luke, with particular attention paid to his Ethiopian descent and the fact that he was a eunuch. According to Luke, he was a court official of
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Ethiopian
Ethiopian (or Abyssinian) Church, one of the *Oriental Orthodox Churches. Christianity was introduced into Ethiopia in the 4th cent. by St *Frumentius (q.v.) and Edesius of Tyre, but it is disputed whether King Azanas, known to have been Christian from a Greek inscription found in 1969, was the
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