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Etham
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A village where the Israelites camped following their departure from Egypt at Succoth.Etham is described as “on the edge of the desert” (Exod 13:20; Num 33:6). Here the Israelites changed their route (Exod 14:2; Num 33:7), turning south toward Pi-hahiroth. Etham’s precise location is unknown, though some have associated it with the Egyptian city Pithom. The desert region in the vicinity of Etham is called the “wilderness of Etham” in Num 33:8.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Etham
Etham (אֵתָם‎, etham). A village where the Israelites camped following their departure from Egypt at Succoth.Etham is described as “on the edge of the desert” (Exod 13:20; Num 33:6). Here the Israelites changed their route (Exod 14:2; Num 33:7), turning south toward Pi-hahiroth. Etham’s precise location
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Etham (Place)
ETHAM (PLACE) [Heb ʾētām (אֵתָם)]. According to Exod 13:20 and Num 33:6–7 the first station on the Exodus route of the Israelites after leaving Succoth. Both citations are accompanied by the comment “on the edge of the wilderness.” Num 33:8 mentions three days of wandering in the “desert of Etham.”
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Etham
Etham. First encampment of the Hebrews after leaving Succoth (Ex 13:20), perhaps located on the border of the wilderness of Shur (Ex 15:22; Nm 33:6–8). The suggestion that it was an Egyptian fortress is improbable.See Wilderness Wanderings.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Etham
Etham ēʹthəm [Heb. ʾēṯām; Gk. othṓm (Ex. 13:20); Bouthán (Nu. 33:6f); in 33:8 the LXX reads “in their wilderness,” from another pointing for the word]. The name used to be explained as the Coptic Atium, “border of the Sea” (S. P. Tregelles, ed., Gesenius’ Hebrew and Chaldee Lexicon [Eng. tr.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Etham
ETHAM First encampment of the Hebrews after leaving Succoth (Ex 13:20), perhaps located on the border of the wilderness of Shur (Ex 15:22; Nm 33:6–8). The suggestion that it was an Egyptian fortress is improbable.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Etham
Etham (ee´thuhm), the first stopping place after Succoth used by the Israelite exodus in their escape from Egypt. Its location is not known, but it is said to be “on the edge of the wilderness” (Exod. 13:20; Num. 33:6) and is called an area of wilderness in or near which are located Pi-hahiroth and Baal-zephon
Etam
Etam (ee´tuhm).1 The place where Samson defeated the Philistines and was subsequently delivered to them by the people of Judah (Judg. 15:8, 11).2 A village in the territory of Simeon (1 Chron. 4:32), possibly identified with 3.3 A city near Bethlehem fortified by Rehoboam (2 Chron. 11:6).4 The Israelites’
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Etham
ETHAM. This proper name is given to both a place in Egypt and the wilderness on the E of the Red Sea. Ex 13:20 locates Etham between Succoth and the wilderness. Thus it must have been near the eastern end of the Wadi Tumilat and probably N of Lake Timsah. It was quite likely a border fortress, since
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Etham
ETHAM. Camp of the Israelites somewhere on the isthmus of Suez (Ex. 13:20; Nu. 33:6–7), about whose precise location scholars differ. Müller suggested a connection with the name of the Egyp. god Atum; Naville proposed Edom; Clidat, Gauthier, Bourdon, Lagrange, Abel and Montet would connect it with the
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Etham
Etham (Heb. ʾēṯām)The first resting place for the Israelites after departing Succoth during the Exodus. According to Exod. 13:20; Num. 33:6–7 Etham is located “on the edge of the wilderness,” suggesting a location not too distant from the eastern delta of the Nile River.C. Shaun Longstreet
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Etham
Etham [ēˊthəm] (Heb. ˒ēṯām). The first camp the Israelites made following their departure from Egypt at Succoth, at the “edge of the wilderness” (Exod. 13:20; Num. 33:6–8). At Exod. 15:22 the region is called the wilderness of Shur. Because of difficulties in determining precisely the route of
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Etham
ETHAM The site or station visited by the Israelites during the Exodus (Exod 13:20; Num 33:6–7) following their departure from Succoth.
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Etham
E´tham (bounded by the sea), one of the early resting-places of the Israelites when they quitted Egypt; described as “in the edge of the wilderness.” Ex. 13:20; Num. 33:6, 7. Etham may be placed where the cultivable land ceases, near the Seba Biár or Seven Wells, about three miles from the western side